A Clinical Trial of Magnetic Stimulation in Depression

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Florida
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Department of Veterans Affairs
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00711568
First received: July 3, 2008
Last updated: March 29, 2013
Last verified: March 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine whether repetitive high field transcranial magnetic stimulation of the left or right frontal lobes is beneficial for the treatment of depression that is refractory to antidepressant medication.


Condition Intervention Phase
Depression
Procedure: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
Procedure: Sham rTMS
Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Clinical Trial of Magnetic Stimulation in Depression

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Hamilton Depression Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline x 2, end of treatment, one week, one month and 3 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Beck Depression Inventory [ Time Frame: Baseline x 2, end of treatment, one week, one month and 3 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: October 2001
Study Completion Date: December 2007
Primary Completion Date: August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1
Left dorsolateral frontal 20 Hz TMS delivered for 2 seconds every 30 seconds for a total of 2000 stimuli
Procedure: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
20 Hz rTMS delivered for 2 seconds (40 stimuli) every 30 seconds for a total of 2000 stimuli (25 minutes)
Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator
Experimental: Arm 2
Right dorsolateral frontal 20 Hz TMS delivered for 2 seconds every 30 seconds for a total of 2000 stimuli
Procedure: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
20 Hz rTMS delivered for 2 seconds (40 stimuli) every 30 seconds for a total of 2000 stimuli (25 minutes)
Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator
Sham Comparator: Arm 3
Left or right dorsolateral frontal 20 Hz sham TMS delivered for 2 seconds every 30 seconds for a total of 2000 stimuli
Procedure: Sham rTMS
20 Hz sham rTMS delivered to L or R frontal region for 2 seconds (40 stimuli) every 30 seconds for a total of 2000 stimuli

Detailed Description:

Despite the utility of modern psychotropic medications, depression remains a medical problem with major societal impact. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective somatic treatment for depression. However, ECT has disadvantages, including risks attendant with general anesthesia and significant cognitive side effects (e.g. confusion and memory loss). An effective but safer somatic therapy for depression could help many patients.

The brain can be stimulated non-invasively by using time-varying magnetic fields to induce electrical currents within the cerebral cortex, a technique known as transcranial magnetic stimulation. Preliminary investigations have provided promising evidence of improved mood associated with high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of left prefrontal cortex in patients with medication-resistant major depression. However, the role of stimulus laterality in the effects of prefrontal rTMS have not been tested systematically. Furthermore, previous studies have likely been confounded by inadequate patient blinding and by a lack of standardization of psychotropic medication treatment. Therefore, we propose to use a carefully controlled clinical trial to directly test the hypothesis that the effects of prefrontal rTMS on mood are related to the laterality of magnetic stimulation. We also intend to improve blinding in comparison to previous studies by: 1) employing a parallel-group study design comparing real and simulated rTMS, as opposed to a crossover study design; 2) using specially constructed sham magnetic coils which can be placed directly on the scalp surface, to more effectively simulate rTMS; and 3) using trains of weak electrical impulses to simulate the cutaneous scalp stimulation associated with rTMS. We will minimize confounding effects of medications and antidepressant withdrawal by: 1) requiring that all patients have fail a monitored clinical trial of an SSRI or other comparable antidepressant prior to rTMS; and 2) continuing pharmacological treatment of depression during the rTMS phase of the trial. Demonstration of therapeutic efficacy of rTMS in this rigorously controlled clinical trial would provide a foundation for further investigation and development of this novel potential treatment modality.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients will meet DSM-IV criteria for Major Depressive Episode (without psychotic features).
  • All patients will have a total score of 18 or higher and a score of at least 3 on item number 1 of the 24 item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D).
  • All patients will have failed to respond to at least two separate trials of treatment for at least 4 weeks with therapeutic dosages of antidepressant medication (including at least one SSRI) or will have been intolerant of at least three different antidepressant medications (including at least one SSRI).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient medications will be reviewed prior to enrollment in this study. Patients taking medications that may lower seizure threshold (e.g. metronidazole) will be excluded if the particular medication cannot be stopped or altered without affecting the patient's routine medical care.
  • History of neurological illness, epilepsy or seizure disorder, intracranial tumor, or major head trauma leading to loss of consciousness of any length.
  • Evidence of central nervous system disease based on baseline complete neurological examination, EEG and contrast-enhanced computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain.
  • History of implanted pacemaker or medication pump, metal plate in skull, or metal objects in the eye or skull.
  • Axis II diagnosis of Cluster A (paranoid, schizoid, or schizotypal) or Cluster B (antisocial, borderline, histrionic, or narcissistic) personality disorder.
  • Axis II diagnosis of mental retardation.
  • History of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, other functional psychosis, rapid-cycling bipolar illness, or alcohol or drug abuse within the past year.
  • Need for rapid clinical response due to conditions such as inanition, psychosis, or suicidality (defined as suicide attempt during the current major depressive episode or having a specific plan for committing suicide).
  • A medical condition that is not well controlled, such as diabetes or hypertension, or concomitant medical or nutritional problems necessitating hospitalization.
  • Patients taking anticonvulsant mood stabilizers (e.g. carbamazepine, valproic acid).
  • Patients otherwise unable to grant informed consent.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00711568

Locations
United States, Florida
North Florida/South Georgia Veterans Health System
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32608
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Stephen E. Nadeau, MD BS BS North Florida/South Georgia Veterans Health System
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Department of Veterans Affairs
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00711568     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00108472
Other Study ID Numbers: MHBS-014-01S, Nadeau-573-08
Study First Received: July 3, 2008
Last Updated: March 29, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:
depression
magnetic stimulation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014