STUDY TO ASSESS THE LONG-TERM SAFETY OF EXTINA (KETOCONAZOLE) FOAM, 2%

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by:
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00703846
First received: June 20, 2008
Last updated: January 19, 2012
Last verified: January 2012
  Purpose

Extina (ketoconazole) Foam, 2% was approved for marketing in the United States (US) in June 2007. Extina foam is indicated for topical treatment of seborrheic dermatitis in immunocompetent patients 12 years of age and older. The approved dosing regimen is twice daily for 4 weeks. The treatment of recurrent seborrheic dermatitis demands a topical preparation that is safe for both short-term and chronic application. This study is being conducted in order to obtain long-term safety data on the use of Extina (ketoconazole) Foam, 2% in the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis.


Condition Intervention Phase
Dermatitis, Seborrheic
Drug: Ketoconazole
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A PHASE 4, OPEN-LABEL STUDY TO ASSESS THE LONG-TERM SAFETY OF EXTINA (KETOCONAZOLE) FOAM, 2% IN THE TREATMENT OF SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Any Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: From baseline through 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. For a list of all adverse events occurring at or above a frequency threshold of 5% during the course of the study, see the table entitled "Other (Non-Serious) Adverse Events."


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline in Skin Assessments for Erythema at Weeks 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or Early Termination) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or early termination) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline was calculated as the Week 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or early termination) value minus the baseline value. The grading scale for erythema ranges from 0 to 4; 0=Normal skin without erythema; may have residual hyper/hypopigmentation; 1=Faint erythema; may have residual hyper/hypopigmentation; 2=Light red erythema; may have residual hyper/hypopigmentation; 3=Moderate red coloration; 4=Dusky to deep red coloration. Erythema was defined as redness of the skin caused by increased blood circulation in the capillaries found in the deeper layers of the skin.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Skin Assessments for Scaling at Weeks 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or Early Termination) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or early termination) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline in skin assessments for scaling was calculated as the Week 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or Early Termination) value minus the baseline value. The grading scale for scaling ranges from 0 to 4; 0=Normal skin with rare fine scale; 1=Minimal: occasional fine scales over less than 10% of the lesions; 2=Mild: fine scales predominate; 3=Moderate: coarse scales predominate; 4=Severe: thick tenacious scales predominate. Scaling of skin is the loss of the outer layer of the epidermis in large, scale-like flakes.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Skin Assessments for Pruritus at Weeks 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or Early Termination) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or early termination) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline was calculated as the Week 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or Early Termination) value minus the baseline value. The grading scale for pruritis ranges from 0 to 4; 0=No itching; 1=Minimal: rarely aware of itching; 2=Mild: only aware of itching at times; only present when relaxing; not present when focused on other activities; 3=Moderate: often aware of itching; annoying; sometimes disturbs sleep and daytime activities; 4=Severe: constant itching; distressing; frequent sleep disturbance; interferes with activities. Pruritus is defined as an itching/scratching sensation.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Investigator's Static Global Assessment (ISGA) at Weeks 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or Early Termination) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or early termination) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This seborrhoeic dermatitis-specific ISGA scale (range=0-4) is used to assess skin condition severity without considering changes over time ("static"). 0=clear, except for minor residual discoloration; 1-4=majority of lesions have average scaling/erythema scores of 1-4, respectively. 1=almost clear, occasional fine scale, faint erythema/barely perceptible plaque thickness; 2= mild, fine scale with light coloration/mild plaque elevation; 3=moderate, coarse scale with moderate red coloration/moderate plaque thickness; 4=severe, thick tenacious scale with deep coloration/severe plaque thickness.

  • Median Number of Flares [ Time Frame: From baseline through 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The median number of flares for all participants was calculated based on data self-reported in diaries that participants kept during the study. A flare is defined as a clinical diagnosis and presentation of seborrheic dermatitis that shows as an erythematous, thin, scaly patch with a greasy sandpaper texture that varies depending on disease severity. Flares are commonly seen on the scalp, nasal folds, eyebrows, glabella, upper eyelids, retroauricular/external ear canal, and midchest areas.

  • Median Number of Flare Days [ Time Frame: From baseline through 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The median number of flare days for all participants was calculated based on data self-reported in diaries that participants kept during the study. The median number of flares for all participants was calculated based on data self-reported in diaries that participants kept during the study. A flare day is defined as a day on which flare signs and symptoms for seborrheic dermatitis (erythema, scaling, and pruritus of the target area) occurred.

  • Mean Change From Baseline for the Global Score of the Participant-completed Skindex-29 Quality of Life Questionnaire at Week 52 (or Early Termination) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 (or Early Termination) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skindex-29 is a 3-component (symptomatic, emotional, and functional) self-administered questionnaire (comprised of 30 questions) used to comprehensively measure the complex effects of skin diseases on a participant's quality of life. Participants were asked to answer questions based on a 5-point scale concerning their feelings over the past 4 weeks about the skin condition that has bothered them the most: 1, never; 2, rarely; 3, sometimes; 4, often; 5, all the time. The Global Score is the sum of the 30 question scores; total score ranges from 30 to 150.

  • Mean Change From Baseline for the Symptomatic Score of the Participant-completed Skindex-29 Quality of Life Questionnaire at Week 52 (or Early Termination) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 (or Early Termination) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skindex-29 is a 3-component (symptomatic, emotional, and functional) self-administered questionnaire (comprised of 30 questions) used to comprehensively measure the complex effects of skin diseases on a participant's quality of life. For the symptomatic component, participants were asked to answer 7 questions based on a 5-point scale concerning their feelings over the past 4 weeks about the skin condition that has bothered them the most: 1, never; 2, rarely; 3, sometimes; 4, often; 5, all the time. The Symptomatic Score is the sum of the 7 question scores; total score ranges from 7 to 35.

  • Mean Change From Baseline for the Emotional Score of the Participant-completed Skindex-29 Quality of Life Questionnaire at Week 52 (or Early Termination) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 (or Early Termination) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skindex-29 is a 3-component (symptomatic, emotional, and functional) self-administered questionnaire (comprised of 30 questions) used to comprehensively measure the complex effects of skin diseases on a participant's quality of life. For the emotional component, participants were asked to answer 10 questions based on a 5-point scale concerning their feelings over the past 4 weeks about the skin condition that has bothered them the most: 1, never; 2, rarely; 3, sometimes; 4, often; 5, all the time. The Emotional Score is the sum of the 10 question scores; total score ranges from 10 to 50.

  • Mean Change From Baseline for the Functional Score of the Participant-completed Skindex-29 Quality of Life Questionnaire at Week 52 (or Early Termination) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 (or Early Termination) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skindex-29 is a 3-component (symptomatic, emotional, and functional) self-administered questionnaire (comprised of 30 questions) used to comprehensively measure the complex effects of skin diseases on a participant's quality of life. For the functional component, participants were asked to answer 15 questions based on a 5-point scale concerning their feelings over the past 4 weeks about the skin condition that has bothered them the most: 1, never; 2, rarely; 3, sometimes; 4, often; 5, all the time. The Functional Score is the sum of the 12 question scores; total score ranges from 15 to 75.


Enrollment: 498
Study Start Date: June 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
KETOCONAZOLE Drug: Ketoconazole
Foam, 2%, Extina will be applied twice daily (morning and evening) to all seborrheic dermatitis lesions on the face, scalp, ears, neck, and chest. Study product should be applied at the first sign of a seborrheic dermatitis flare, and twice daily applications should continue until the area(s) has cleared. All symptom flares should be treated throughout the 12-month study period.

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, multicenter, single-group study to assess the long-term safety of twice daily treatment with Extina (ketoconazole) Foam, 2% in subjects with seborrheic dermatitis.

The study subjects must have seborrheic dermatitis with an Investigator's Static Global Assessment (ISGA) of 2, 3, or 4 at baseline. In addition, subjects must have a discrete, evaluable target area of at least 0.5 cm2, with a score of 2, 3, or 4 for erythema and scaling.

All subjects will apply Extina (ketoconazole) Foam, 2% topically twice a day (morning and evening) to all seborrheic dermatitis lesions on the face, scalp, ears, neck, and chest. Study product should be applied at the first sign of a seborrheic dermatitis flare, and twice daily applications should continue until the area(s) has cleared. All symptom flares should be treated throughout the 12-month study period. Study visits will occur at baseline (day 1) and at weeks 4, 8, 16, 26, 39, and 52 (or early withdrawal). See the study flowchart (section 3) for the assessments to be performed at each visit. Primary Objective: To assess the long-term safety of Extina (ketoconazole) Foam, 2% in the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects must fulfill all of the following conditions or characteristics in order to be considered for study enrollment:

  1. Capable of understanding and willing to provide signed and dated written voluntary informed consent before any protocol-specific procedures are performed. For subjects between the ages of 12 and 17 years, a parent or legal guardian must be capable of understanding and willing to sign informed consent and subject must be capable of understanding and willing to sign an adolescent assent.
  2. Male or female subjects 12 years of age or older.
  3. Able to complete the study and to comply with study instructions.
  4. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test. Sexually active women of childbearing potential participating in the study must use a medically acceptable form of contraception (which includes oral contraception, injectable or implantable methods, or intrauterine devices). Barrier methods of contraception are not acceptable. A woman of childbearing potential is defined as one who is biologically capable of becoming pregnant. Abstinence is considered an appropriate barrier control method.
  5. Seborrheic dermatitis on the face, scalp, ears, neck, or chest with an ISGA of 2, 3, or 4 at baseline
  6. Subjects must have a discrete, evaluable target area of at least 0.5 cm2, with a score of 2, 3, or 4 for erythema and scaling on the Seborrheic Dermatitis Grading Scale

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects with any of the following conditions or characteristics will be excluded from study enrollment:

  1. Use of systemic antifungal agents, corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive therapies, or systemic retinoids within 4 weeks prior to the baseline visit.
  2. Use of topical antifungal therapy, corticosteroid therapy, or calcineurin inhibitors to the face, scalp, ears, neck, or chest within 2 weeks prior to the baseline visit.
  3. Use of any investigational drugs within 8 weeks prior to the baseline visit, or subjects who are scheduled to receive an investigative drug other than the study product during the period of the study.
  4. History of known or suspected intolerance to any of the ingredients of the study product.
  5. Female subjects who are pregnant, trying to become pregnant, or lactating.
  6. Any clinically relevant abnormal vital signs or findings on the physical examination.
  7. A clinically relevant history of abuse of alcohol or other drugs.
  8. Any major illness within 30 days prior to the baseline visit.
  9. Subjects with any clinically significant condition which would, in the opinion of the investigator, compromise the subject's participation in the study.
  10. Subjects who are immunocompromised.
  11. Considered unable or unlikely to attend the necessary visits.
  12. Employees of Stiefel Laboratories or a contract research organization involved in the study, or an immediate family member (partner, offspring, parents, siblings, or sibling's offspring) of an employee.
  13. Currently using any medication, which in the opinion of the investigator may affect the evaluation of the study product or place the subject at undue risk.
  14. Only one subject per household may be entered into the study. These inclusion and exclusion criteria will be strictly adhered to throughout the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00703846

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35233
United States, Delaware
Guy Webster
Hockessin, Delaware, United States, 19707
United States, Florida
The Dermatology and Aesthetic Center
Boca Raton, Florida, United States, 33486
The Weiss Skin Institute
Boca Raton, Florida, United States, 33428
Dermatology Associates & Research
Coral Gables, Florida, United States, 33134
Spencer Dermatology & Skin Surgery
St. Petersburg, Florida, United States, 33716
United States, Louisiana
Tulane University
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusettes General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Medical Center
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, North Carolina
Dermatology Consulting Services
High Point, North Carolina, United States, 27262
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
United States, Oregon
Oregon Dermatology and Research Center
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97210
United States, Rhode Island
Clinical Partners, LLC
Johnston, Rhode Island, United States, 02919
United States, Texas
Arlington Center for Dermatology
Arlington, Texas, United States, 76011
DermReserach, Inc.
Austin, Texas, United States, 78759
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75930
Dermatology Treatment & Research Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75230
Baylor Research Institute
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75246
United States, Virginia
Virginia Clinical Research, Inc.
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23507
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stiefel, a GSK Company
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided by GlaxoSmithKline

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Cheri Hudson; Clinical Disclosure Advisor, GSK Clinical Disclosure
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00703846     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01337284
Other Study ID Numbers: 114568, U0275-01
Study First Received: June 20, 2008
Results First Received: January 19, 2012
Last Updated: January 19, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Food and Drug Administartion

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Phase 4
Seborrheic
Ketoconazole
Dermatitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dermatitis
Dermatitis, Seborrheic
Skin Diseases
Sebaceous Gland Diseases
Skin Diseases, Eczematous
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Ketoconazole
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014