Immune Responses To Antigen-Bearing Dendritic Cells in Patients With Malignancy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Rockefeller University
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00700167
First received: June 17, 2008
Last updated: April 19, 2011
Last verified: April 2011
  Purpose

Cancer cells make proteins called antigens that act as markers for the tumor cells. These antigens cannot cause the cancer itself. Special white blood cells, called T cells or T lymphocytes, recognize and respond to antigens. In many diseases, these and other cells in the immune system help your body get rid of the disease. However, T cells are normally resting, and they need other proteins on the diseased cell surface to begin working. Unfortunately, cancer cells do not usually make all the other proteins that T cells need to work. Therefore, T cells do not normally work against the cancer cells. We think this is one of the reasons that cancers grow and are not rejected by the body in the first place.

Another white blood cell, called a dendritic cell, does have most if not all of the special proteins needed to make T cells work to destroy cancer cells. However, dendritic cells do not normally have the cancer proteins on their surface. The challenge then is to combine the cancer markers (antigens) with these dendritic cells to make a vaccine. We think that the body's T cells might then react against the tumor and help destroy it. This study will see if putting tumor antigens made in a lab onto dendritic cells will make T cells work against tumor cells. We want to answer this question by injecting you with dendritic cells loaded with the antigens. Then we will check for a response based on lab studies and your own clinical course. We will compare your response against melanoma with your response against a common antigen, to which almost everyone has already been exposed. Flu, for example, is a common antigen to which most people have been exposed. We also need to test your response to an antigen that your body has not likely seen before. For example, we plan to use KLH (keyhole limpet hemocyanin), which is a pigment or color protein made from a sea creature known as a keyhole limpet. Each of these, the flu and KLH antigens, which should be harmless to you, will be used along with the dendritic cell-tumor vaccine. This will help us find out if the vaccine is working, based on the lab studies we will check before and after the vaccinations.


Condition Intervention Phase
Melanoma
Biological: dendritic cell vaccine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Immune Responses To Antigen-Bearing Dendritic Cells in Patients With Malignancy - A Phase I Trial in Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluate safety and toxicity of immunizations of patients with stage III/IV melanoma, using autologous DCs pulsed with antigenic peptides expressed by melanoma, together with class I MHC (influenza) and class II MHC (KLH) -restricted control antigens. [ Time Frame: conclusion of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Evaluate further the immunogenicity of tumor antigen-bearing dendritic cells, based on the same in vitro assays as above, measured pre-& post-dendritic cell immunization with the optimal biologic dose of DCs selected in the phase Ia portion of the trial. [ Time Frame: conclusion of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Is to monitor local DTH responses in vivo against the antigen-loaded DCs after booster immunizations. [ Time Frame: conclusion of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 43
Study Start Date: September 2001
Study Completion Date: April 2011
Primary Completion Date: April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1

The vaccine will be split between as many as 10 injections, more or less. Each shot will be about 1/25th to 1/50th of a teaspoon (100 to 200 microliters). Each vaccine will be injected with a tiny needle just under your skin. This will usually cause a very small area of swelling at the injection site that may last for a few minutes to an hour or so. You will receive two additional "booster" doses of the same vaccine every 4-6 weeks. This would mean that you receive a total of three vaccines over about 2-3 months.

The vaccines will be given during an outpatient visit. If for some reason, you happen to be in the hospital, you can still receive the vaccines. These visits should take no longer than 15-30 minutes.

Biological: dendritic cell vaccine
The vaccine will be split between as many as 10 injections, more or less. Each shot will be about 1/25th to 1/50th of a teaspoon (100 to 200 microliters). Each vaccine will be injected with a tiny needle just under your skin. This will usually cause a very small area of swelling at the injection site that may last for a few minutes to an hour or so. You will receive two additional "booster" doses of the same vaccine every 4-6 weeks. This would mean that you receive a total of three vaccines over about 2-3 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of metastatic melanoma, AJCC stage III or IV, with histologic confirmation by Dept. of Pathology at MSKCC.
  • Patients must be HLA-A*0201 positive.
  • Expected survival of greater than 3 months.
  • Karnofsky performance status 70 or better.
  • Patients may not have received chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation within approximately 4 weeks (approximately 6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin) before participation in this protocol.
  • Patients should not be receiving immune modifying pharmacologics (e.g., interferon) for approximately 2-4 weeks before enrollment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant (clinically documented or positive pregnancy test within approximately 2 wks of study entry) or lactating women, because immunization will include differentiation antigens shared by melanoma tumors and melanocytes, and immune responses to these differentiation antigens could have unknown developmental sequelae to a fetus or infant.

Pregnancy tests are not required for post-menopausal women, and post-menopausal status by patient report should be documented accordingly.

  • Patients requiring systemic corticosteroids or comparable exogenous immunosuppressive agent(s) (no exclusion for use of NSAIDs)
  • Patients who have a known immunodeficiency (e.g., infection with HTLV-1,2, HIV-1,2; etc.) because of the T cell defects that would alter their responses and the investigators' ability to assess their outcomes accurately.
  • Patients with preexisting retinal or choroidal eye disease.
  • Patients with coexisting autoimmune diseases, except vitiligo.
  • Patients with significantly impaired hematologic, hepatic, or renal function, e.g., ANC <1000, hgb < 8.0 g/dl, plts < 50,000/ul, AST >3x ULN, creatinine >2.0 or Cl creat <30ml/min, all assessed within approximately two weeks of study entry.
  • Patients with serious coexisting medical illness.
  • Patients with organ allografts.
  • Patients who are s/p splenectomy or s/p splenic irradiation.
  • Patients with active brain metastases.
  • Patients with organic brain syndrome or psychologic impairment that would preclude participation and compliance with this protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00700167

Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Rockefeller University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James Young, MD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: James Young, M.D, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00700167     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 98-098, NIH CA33049
Study First Received: June 17, 2008
Last Updated: April 19, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:
ANTIGENBEARING DENDRITIC CELLS
98-098

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014