Treatment Study: Reducing Cocaine/Heroin Abuse With SR-Amphetamine and Buprenorphine (ARC)
This research study takes place at Wayne State University and will take about 11 weeks to complete. This is a treatment research study for individuals who currently have cocaine abuse or dependence, and who may also have heroin dependence. The purpose of this study is to test whether oral sustained release d-amphetamine (SR-AMP) is safe and more effective than placebo for preventing relapse to cocaine use for individuals who abuse or are dependent upon cocaine. We are also interested whether, for patients who are dependent on cocaine and heroin, whether SR-AMP is safe and effective for preventing cocaine relapse in combination with buprenorphine.
Cocaine Abuse or Dependence
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Reducing Cocaine/Heroin Abuse With SR-Amphetamine and Buprenorphine (ARC)|
|Study Start Date:||April 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Cocaine dependence, particularly in combination with heroin dependence, poses serious and substantial public health, social, and economic problems (e.g., high medical costs, crime, lost productivity). Cocaine and heroin use disorders often co-occur, and this conjunction is associated with higher rates of medical and psychiatric problems and worse drug abuse treatment outcome.
Many medications have been tested, but have failed, for treating cocaine dependence alone or in cocaine abusers who also use heroin.
This clinical trial will test whether SR-AMP is more effective than placebo for preventing relapse to cocaine use, using SR-AMP for patients with only cocaine dependence, or in combination with buprenorphine (for those patients who are also dependent on heroin).
Participants will first be an outpatient and must come to the Jefferson Avenue Research Program three times per week (e.g. Monday, Wednesday, Friday) to measure drug use and drug-related symptoms. This phase will last at least 2 weeks.
Next, participants will live on an inpatient research unit for seven (7) consecutive nights. During the weeklong inpatient stay, in addition to receiving SR-AMP or placebo capsules, participants will begin counseling treatment to help prepare to avoid relapse after they are discharged from the inpatient unit.
After the inpatient stay, participants will then be an outpatient and come to the Jefferson Ave. Research Program daily for eight (8) weeks. Throughout all eight weeks, three urine samples will be collected each week to assess illicit drug use, and questionnaires related to drug symptoms and to assess mood and risk behaviors will be given.
|United States, Michigan|
|Wayne State University|
|Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202|
|Principal Investigator:||Mark Greenwald, PhD||Wayne State University|