Pilot Study of Haploidentical Natural Killer Cell Infusions for Poor Prognosis Non-AML Hematologic Malignancies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Assisi Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00697671
First received: April 14, 2008
Last updated: July 15, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

The prognosis of pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies whose disease is primarily refractory or those who experience a chemotherapy resistant bone marrow relapse is extremely poor. When new agents or chemotherapeutic regimens are unable to induce remission in this patient population, hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is also a poor alternative. Thus, in this very high risk group, additional attempts at remission induction with various combinations of chemotherapy alone will unlikely improve outcome and will contribute to overall toxicity. Alternative therapies are needed in these patients with chemotherapy resistant disease.

Immunotherapy with natural killer (NK) cell infusion has the potential to decrease toxicity and induce hematologic remission. NK cells can kill target cells, including leukemia cells, without prior exposure to those cells. In patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT, several studies have demonstrated the powerful effect of NK cells against leukemia. Furthermore, NK cell infusions in patients with primary refractory or multiple-relapsed leukemia have been shown to be well tolerated and void of graft-versus-host disease effects. In this high risk group, complete leukemic remission has been observed in several of these patients after NK cell infusion.

With the current technology available at St. Jude, we have developed a procedure to purify NK cells from adult donors. This protocol will assess the safety of chemotherapy and IL-2 administration to facilitate transient NK-cell engraftment in research participants who have chemotherapy refractory hematologic malignancies including acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. In this same cohort, we will also intend to explore the efficacy of NK cells infused in those participants who have chemotherapy refractory disease.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Other: NK Cell Infusion
Biological: Immunotherapy
Device: Miltenyi Biotec CliniMACS device
Drug: Interleukin-2 (IL-2)
Drug: Clofarabine
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Etoposide
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study of Haploidentical Natural Killer Cell Infusions for Poor Prognosis Non-AML Hematologic Malignancies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess the safety of chemotherapy and IL-2 administration to facilitate transient NK-cell engraftment in research participants with chemotherapy refractory non-acute myelogenous leukemia (non-AML) hematologic malignancies [ Time Frame: 4 months post infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To study the persistence, phenotype and function of donor natural killer (NK) cells after infusion in research participants with chemotherapy refractory hematologic malignancies. [ Time Frame: 4 months infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To explore the efficacy of NK cell infusion in research participants with chemotherapy refractory hematologic malignancies [ Time Frame: 4 months infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: March 2007
Study Completion Date: May 2013
Primary Completion Date: February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Strata A
Patients with ALL, CML, JMML, MDS, or NHL with bone marrow relapse after stem cell transplant.
Other: NK Cell Infusion
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued
Biological: Immunotherapy
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Device: Miltenyi Biotec CliniMACS device
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Drug: Interleukin-2 (IL-2)
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Drug: Clofarabine
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Drug: Etoposide
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Strata B
Patients with ALL, CML, JMML , MDS, or NHL with primary induction failure and persistent disease; or participants with relapsed ALL, CML, JMML, MDS, or NHL with persistent disease after re-induction
Other: NK Cell Infusion
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued
Biological: Immunotherapy
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Device: Miltenyi Biotec CliniMACS device
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Drug: Interleukin-2 (IL-2)
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Drug: Clofarabine
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.
Drug: Etoposide
All participants will receive a 4 day regimen of chemotherapy (clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) followed by an infusion of HLA partially matched family member donor NK cells processed through the use of the investigational CliniMACS device. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) will be given three times per week post-infusion for a minimum of 2 weeks. IL-2 administration will continue until donor NK cells are no longer detectable in the recipient, and, at that time, will be discontinued.

Detailed Description:

This study will evaluate the persistence, phenotype and function of donor NK cells as well as exploring the efficacy of the infusion in research participants with chemotherapy refractory hematologic malignancies.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • At least two weeks since receipt of last biological therapy, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.
  • Has a suitable adult family member donor available for NK cell donation.
  • No current pleural or pericardial effusion.
  • HIV negative
  • Adequate clinical standing as evidenced by being within multiple renal, hepatic, pulmonary, and neurological required testing parameters.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00697671

Locations
United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Assisi Foundation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Wing Leung, MD, PhD St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00697671     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NKHEM
Study First Received: April 14, 2008
Last Updated: July 15, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:
NK cell infusion
Immunotherapy
hematologic malignancy
Miltenyi Biotec device
haploidentical donor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Preleukemia
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoma
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Precancerous Conditions
Clofarabine
Cyclophosphamide
Etoposide
Etoposide phosphate
Interleukin-2
Alkylating Agents
Analgesics

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014