Study of Selected X-linked Disorders: Goltz Syndrome
Focal dermal hypoplasia, or Goltz syndrome, results from genetic changes, or mutations in the PORCN gene located on the X chromosome. This neurodevelopmental disorder is characterized by birth defects of the skin, skeleton, eyes, and in some cases other organs. Our team is working to obtain a better understanding of how mutations in PORCN lead to the clinical features of Goltz syndrome. We are also trying to identify the genetic change in those patients where no mutations in PORCN have been found. We are also investigating conditions with phenotypes similar to Goltz syndrome to determine if they also have mutations in PORCN. We are collecting blood samples from patients and their parents. DNA from these samples is isolated and then used for genetic testing. We also review medical records to compare clinical symptoms with the detected mutations to determine if there is a correlation.
Focal Dermal Hypoplasia (FDH)
X Linked Disorders
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Pathogenesis of Focal Dermal Hypoplasia or Goltz Syndrome and Related Disorders|
lymphoblast DNA; tissue
|Study Start Date:||June 2007|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2018|
Individuals with Goltz syndrome and their first degree relatives
Goltz syndrome or Focal Dermal Hypoplasia (FDH) is an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder. The primary features of FDH include areas of hypoplastic skin (atrophy, linear pigmentation and herniation of fat through dermal defects), digital patterning defects (syndactyly, polydactyly, camptodactyly, absence deformities), ocular and dental malformations, mild dysmorphism. Variable other defects include a pointed chin, hypoplastic ears, nasal deformities, short stature, papillomas of lips, gingival and larynx, dystrophic nails, sparse brittle hair. Mental retardation occurs in approximately 15%. Ninety percent of individuals with FDH are female. Ninety-five percent of all cases and 100% of male cases appear de novo.
Using array-based comparative hybridization (array-CGH) a deletion was initially identified in PORCN in two girls with FDH. Sequencing of genes in this region has resulted in the identification of mutations in PORCN in >75% of other individuals affected with FDH. A manuscript describing these mutations was published in Nature Genetics (Wang, 2007). PORCN encodes the human homolog of the Drosophila porcupine protein and has been found in drosophila and mouse studies to be a key regulator of Wnt-protein signaling. We believe that the PORCN mutation may cause FDH by affecting Wnt signaling, but this has yet to be proven.
For this study we are collecting information on patients with clinical findings suggestive of FDH or with known PORCN mutations. A detailed family history will be obtained when indicated, and additional family members will be evaluated afer appropriately obtained written voluntary consent. A detailed report of the history or physical findings will be obtained from referring physicians for patients identified at outside facilities or the participants may be evaluated by the study collaborators. Blood will be obtained from affected individuals unaffected parents and from other affected or unaffected family members where indicated. Occasionally, affected individuals may undergo surgical procedures with removal of tissues; in this case we may obtain tissues that would be otherwise discarded or that are not essential for further diagnostic studies or clinical care of the patient. It is anticipated that these specimens will be extremely valuable for understanding the pathogenesis of the investigated conditions. DNA, RNA or protein will be prepared from leukocytes and from tissues and used for mutation analysis and other molecular studies of the identified genes. Permanent lymphoblastoid cell lines will be prepared and stored in the laboratory as a permanent source of DNA for the molecular studies.
|Contact: Ivonne Curiel, AAemail@example.com|
|Contact: Ignatia B Van den Veyver, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Texas|
|Baylor College of Medicine||Recruiting|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Contact: Ignatia B Van den Veyver, MD 713-798-4914 email@example.com|
|Contact: Tanya Eble, MS 713-873-2290 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Ignatia B Van den Veyver, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Ignatia B Van den Veyver, MD||Baylor College of Medicine|