BION Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified May 2008 by University of Southern California.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of Southern California
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00689286
First received: May 29, 2008
Last updated: October 27, 2008
Last verified: May 2008
  Purpose

Osteoarthritic changes in the knee are a common cause of pain that restricts the subject's ability to move and may lead to surgical intervention with total knee replacement. Quadriceps muscle strengthening has been shown to improve the dynamic stability of the knee, decreasing pain during locomotion and increasing knee function. However, the gains associated with improved quadriceps strength have been difficult to achieve on a routine clinical basis because the currently available ways to increase muscle strength- through voluntary exercise or surface electrical stimulation- have significant practical problems that limit their use. The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of neuromuscular stimulation using implantable microstimulators called BIONs to improve the strength, range of motion, and health of the knee in patients with knee osteoarthritis. This investigation is expected to last 12 weeks for each study participant; the trial will be completed over a 3-year period. Patients recruited into the study will have advanced knee osteoarthritis for which total knee replacement surgery is being considered. The proposed study extends a feasibility study carried out in Milan, Italy on five patients with knee osteoarthritis, who were implanted with BIONs.


Condition Intervention Phase
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Device: BION
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: BION Implantable Microstimulator System

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Southern California:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • quadriceps isometric strength [ Time Frame: pre-exercise, 4w, 8w, 12w ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Gait velocity Gait endurance Pain WOMAC [ Time Frame: pre-exercise, 8w, 12w ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 45
Study Start Date: April 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Device: BION

    They will be divided into three groups. Two groups of experimental subjects will receive stimulation using BIONs. The first group will have a stimulation paradigm like that used in a previous feasibility study that preceded the proposed trial, using low-frequency (1-5 PPS) "twitch" stimulation. The second group will have a stimulation paradigm in which tetanic-frequency stimulation (25-50 PPS) is used to produce fused muscle contractions. A third group of experimental subjects will have a standardized program of voluntary exercise.

    In Groups 1 and 2, the femoral nerve will be stimulated electrically according to the assigned protocol during the 12 week experimental period after implantation of the devices. Individuals assigned to Group 3, receiving conventional exercise therapy for 12 weeks, will be allowed to receive BIONs at the end of the trial, providing they request BION therapy and they have been at least minimally compliant with the exercises.

Detailed Description:

Knee Osteoarthritis is a common problem with people over the age of 50 and is often debilitating because of the challenges it poses to normal walking function. Research has shown that exercise can lessen the effect of the osteoarthritis in the knee if done diligently. BION®s implanted in the thigh can produce contractions of the quadriceps muscles without much movement of the knee joint, an advantage if moving the knee is painful. In this study, teh subjects will be divided into three groups. Two groups of experimental subjects will receive stimulation using BIONs. The first group will have a stimulation paradigm like that used in a previous feasibility study that preceded the proposed trial, using low-frequency (1-5 PPS) "twitch" stimulation. The second group will have a stimulation paradigm in which tetanic-frequency stimulation (25-50 PPS) is used to produce fused muscle contractions. A third group of experimental subjects will have a standardized program of voluntary exercise.. In Groups 1 and 2, the femoral nerve will be stimulated electrically according to the assigned protocol during the 12 week experimental period after implantation of the devices. Individuals assigned to Group 3, receiving conventional exercise therapy for 12 weeks, will be allowed to receive BIONs at the end of the trial, providing they request BION therapy and they have been at least minimally compliant with the exercises. All participants will be eligible to continue treatment following the initial 12 weeks if medically appropriate and resources permit.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject presents with osteoarthritis of the knee with severity defined as Kellgren-Lawrence grade 3-4.
  2. Subject is between 18 and 75 years old.
  3. Attending physician considers the subject in general good health (other than knee joint osteoarthritis).
  4. Subject is mentally capable of understanding the goals and the application of therapy.
  5. Subject is able to apply the therapy (with or without help) in the home setting.
  6. Subject is willing and capable of giving informed consent.
  7. Subject is willing and capable of traveling to testing center at the schedule described above and detailed in Table 2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject is pregnant, nursing, or planning to become pregnant in the next 12 months.
  2. Subject has an electronic implant (e.g. cardiac pacemaker, etc.).
  3. Subject has metallic implant (e.g. plates, hip joints) in the buttock or upper leg.
  4. Subject has a history of falling.
  5. Subject has medical conditions other than OA affecting the legs that could affect treatment or mobility.
  6. Subject is 40% or more above the ideal weight recommended by Metropolitan Life.
  7. Subject has cancer.
  8. Subject is currently enrolled in another clinical trial or research study that involves therapy or intervention which would affect lower extremity mobility.
  9. Subject has bilateral knee osteoarthritis.
  10. Subject is taking pain medications with dosage not stable for one month.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00689286

Locations
United States, California
USC University Hospital
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern California
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lucinda Baker, Ph.D University of Southern California
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: C. Thomas Vangsness, Jr., M.D., USC ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00689286     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BT5
Study First Received: May 29, 2008
Last Updated: October 27, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by University of Southern California:
Knee Osteoarthritis
Neuromuscular stimulator

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014