Palonosetron Plus Dexamethasone in Moderately Emetogenic Chemotherapy Induced Nausea and Vomiting (Study P04594)(COMPLETED)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00687011
First received: May 27, 2008
Last updated: October 7, 2013
Last verified: October 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine if a single intravenous (IV) dose of palonosetron 0.25 mg plus a single IV dose of dexamethasone 8 mg is effective to prevent nausea and vomiting induced by moderately emetogenic chemotherapy in subjects with cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Neoplasms
Nausea
Vomiting
Drug: Palonosetron and Dexamethasone
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Open-label Clinical Trial to Assess the Efficacy, Tolerability and Safety of a Single IV Dose of Palonosetron 0.25 mg + Dexamethasone IV in the Prevention of Moderately Emetogenic Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomit (CINV).

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of patients having achieved complete response (CR), defined as no emetic episodes and no rescue medication. [ Time Frame: During 24 hours after administration of chemotherapy. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of patients who achieved a CR and of those who achieved complete control; Number of emetic episodes; Time to first emetic episode, to administration and need for rescue therapy; and to treatment failure [ Time Frame: Days 1 to 5 at different time intervals for each secondary outcome. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Severity of nausea; Patient global satisfaction; Quality of life questionnaire [ Time Frame: Days 1 to 5 at different time intervals for each secondary outcome. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 118
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: October 2008
Primary Completion Date: October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Palonosetron-dexamethasone Drug: Palonosetron and Dexamethasone
0.25 mg IV single dose, 30 minutes prior to the administration of the major chemotherapeutic agent, plus single IV dose of dexamethasone 8 mg administered 15 minutes before chemotherapy (in the event of a shortage of IV dexamethasone, a single oral dose of dexamethasone 20 mg or a single IV dose of methylprednisolone 125 mg could be administered).
Other Name: SCH 734291

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female, >= 18 years of age.
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant disease.
  • Naive or non-naive to chemotherapy.
  • Karnofsky index >= 70%.
  • Scheduled to receive a single dose of at least one of the following agents administered on Study Day 1: any dose of Dactynomicin, Carboplatin, Epirubicin, Idarubicin, Ifosfamide, Irinotecan, Lomustine; or Methotrexate >250 mg/m^2, or Cyclophosphamide <=1500 mg/m^2, or Mitoxantrone <15 mg/m^2, or Doxorubicin >= 20 mg/m^2, or Citarabin > 1g/m^2, Melphalan > 50 mg/m^2 , oxaliplatin > 75 mg/m^2 administered over 1 to 4 hours. The administration of the major chemotherapeutic agent (which is the most emetogenic agent according to the classification of Hesketh, et al., The Oncologist 1999, 4: 191-196) defined Study Day 1 and administration of this agent should not extend beyond 4 hours.
  • Provided signed written informed consent.
  • Females of childbearing potential must be using reliable contraceptive measures with a negative pregnancy test at the pre-treatment visit.
  • If a patient had a known hepatic, renal or cardiovascular impairment and is scheduled to receive the above mentioned chemotherapeutic agents, he/she could be enrolled in this study at the discretion of the investigator.
  • If a patient had experienced at maximum mild nausea following any previous chemotherapy regimen, he/she could be enrolled in this study at the discretion of the investigator.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable to understand or cooperate with the study procedures.
  • Received any investigational drugs within 30 days before study entry.
  • Received any drug with potential anti-emetic efficacy within 24 hours of the start of treatment or will be scheduled to receive until Study Day 5 including 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, metoclopramide, phenothiazine anti-emetics (including prochlorperazine, thiethylperazine and perphenazine), scopolamine, diphenhydramine, chlorpheniramine maleate, trimethobenzamide, all benzodiazepines except temazepam or triazolam used once nightly for sleep, haloperidol, droperidol, tetrahydrocannabinol, or nabilone, any corticosteroid including dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, prednisone (excluding topical or inhaled preparations).
  • Seizure disorder requiring anticonvulsant medication unless clinically stable and free of seizure activity.
  • Experienced any vomiting, retching, or NCI Common Toxicity Criteria grade 2 or 3 nausea in the 24 hours preceding chemotherapy.
  • Ongoing vomiting from any organic etiology.
  • Experienced nausea (moderate or severe) or vomiting following any previous chemotherapy. At the discretion of the investigator, a patient who experienced at maximum mild nausea following any previous chemotherapy might not be excluded from this study.
  • Scheduled to receive any dose of cisplatin, carmustine, hexametilamine, dacarbazine, Mecloretamine, Streptozotocin, Procarbazine o Cyclophosphamide > 1500 mg/m^2 or any other chemotherapeutic agent with an emetogenicity level 5 according to the classification of NCCN Guidelines v1 2005 during Study Days 2-6.
  • Known contraindication to 5-HT3 receptor antagonists.
  • Scheduled to receive radiotherapy of the upper abdomen or cranium during Study Day 2-6.
  • QTc > 500 msec at baseline.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00687011     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P04594
Study First Received: May 27, 2008
Last Updated: October 7, 2013
Health Authority: Mexico: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Antiemetic

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Nausea
Vomiting
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
BB 1101
Emetics
Palonosetron
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014