Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) With Paclitaxel Plus Cisplatin in LA Non-small-cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00686322
First received: May 27, 2008
Last updated: September 13, 2011
Last verified: June 2010
  Purpose

Present study is to investigate efficacy and toxicity profiles of induction one cycle of paclitaxel plus cisplatin (PC), concurrent 2 cycles of PC with radiotherapy, followed by 2 cycles of PC consolidation chemotherapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Non-small-cell Lung Cancer
Drug: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (paclitaxel plus cisplatin plus radiotherapy)
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase IV Study of Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy With Paclitaxel and Cisplatin in Previously Untreated, Inoperable (Stage IIIa or IIIb) Non-small-cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the efficacy of this treatment modality in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the toxicity profiles of this treatment modality in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 6
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Primary Completion Date: April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
1
Induction one cycle of paclitaxel plus cisplatin (PC), concurrent 2 cycles of PC with radiotherapy, followed by 2 cycles of PC consolidation chemotherapy.
Drug: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (paclitaxel plus cisplatin plus radiotherapy)
Induction one cycle of paclitaxel plus cisplatin (PC), concurrent 2 cycles of PC with radiotherapy, followed by 2 cycles of PC consolidation chemotherapy.
Other Names:
  • paclitaxel
  • cisplatin

Detailed Description:

Lung cancer is a major cause of cancer death in Taiwan and throughout the world in both developed and developing countries. More than 75% of NSCLC patients are inoperable because of either distantly metastatic disease or disease confined to one hemithorax with one or more criteria of unresectability at the time of presentation. The prognosis of such inoperable metastatic patients is poor.

The benefit of adding chemotherapy to radiation therapy for stage III disease of NSCLC is well-established. The largest of the prospective trials was sponsored by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG), ECOG, and the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG), and allocated 490 patients to receive 2 months of cisplatin + vinblastine chemotherapy followed by 60 Gy of radiation at 2 Gy per fraction; or one of two radiation-alone arms. Overall survival was statistically superior for the patients receiving chemotherapy and radiation versus the other two arms of the study (13.2 months vs 12 months, vs 11.4 months, respectively; p=0.04).

Administration of chemotherapy concurrently with radiation therapy theoretically improves local control by sensitizing the tumor to radiation, while simultaneously treating systemic disease, albeit at the expense of greater local toxicity. Two large phase III studies suggest improvement in both local control and survival with concurrent chemoradiotherapy as compared with sequential chemotherapy followed by radiation for patients with stage III NSCLC. Although rates of nonhematologic toxicity were higher on the concurrent arms, median survival time trended toward superiority in the concomitant chemotherapy plus daily radiation arm compared with the sequential arm.

One source of debate is whether the addition of induction or consolidation chemotherapy adds anything to concomitant chemoradiotherapy, with numerous intergroup trials underway. CALGB has completed a randomized phase II study of two cycles of induction chemotherapy followed by two additional cycles of the same drugs with concomitant radiotherapy. The three treatment arms included four cycles of cisplatin (80 mg/m2) combined with either gemcitabine, paclitaxel, or vinorelbine. Radiotherapy was completed during the last two cycles to a total of 66 Gy. Response rates were similar, and median survival for all patients was 17 months with no clearly superior arm evident in this randomized phase II trial.

We proposed this clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity profile of combination chemotherapy with paclitaxel and cisplatin in previously untreated, stage IIIa/IIIb NSCLC patients who received 1 cycle of induction chemotherapy, followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy, with 2 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic or cytological diagnosis of inoperable locally advanced (stage III) NSCLC.
  • No prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy.
  • Performance status of 0 to 2 on the Zubrod scale.
  • Clinically measurable disease, defined as bidimensionally measurable lesions with clearly defined margins on x-ray, scan, or physical examination. Lesions serving as measurable disease must be at least 1 cm by 1 cm, as defined by computerized tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or chest x-ray.
  • Estimated life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  • Patient compliance and geographic proximity that allow adequate follow-up.
  • Adequate bone marrow reserve: white blood cell (WBC) count *4,000/mm3, platelets >100,000/mm3, and hemoglobin *10 g/dL.
  • Informed consent from patient.
  • Males or females 18 years of age or older.
  • If female: childbearing potential either terminated by surgery, radiation, or menopause, or attenuated by use of an approved contraceptive method (intrauterine contraceptive device [IUD], birth control pills, or barrier device) during and for three months after trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active infection (at the discretion of the investigator).
  • Inadequate liver function (total bilirubin >1.5 times above normal range); alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) greater than 3 times normal (ALT and AST may be elevated to 5 times normal in patients with known metastatic disease in the liver).
  • Inadequate renal function (creatinine >2.0 mg/dL).
  • Pregnancy or not using appropriate birth control during the study.
  • Breast feeding.
  • Serious concomitant systemic disorders incompatible with the study (at the discretion of the investigator).
  • Second primary malignancy (except in situ carcinoma of the cervix or adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin)
  • Use of any investigational agent in the month before enrollment into the study.
  • Patients with leukemia and/or a secondary primary carcinoma except for patients who have had curative therapy to basal cell carcinoma.
  • Concomitant myelosuppressive radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or immunotherapy will not be allowed except as previously noted for radiation.
  • Active cardiac disease requiring therapy for failure, angina, and/or arrhythmias; infarctions within the preceding six months (exception: any patient whose cardiac failure is compensated on medications).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00686322

Locations
Taiwan
Taipei VGH
Taipei City, Taiwan
Sponsors and Collaborators
Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Yuh-Min Chen, MD, PhD. Chest Department, Taipei VGH
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00686322     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 97-02-12
Study First Received: May 27, 2008
Last Updated: September 13, 2011
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Keywords provided by Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan:
chemotherapy
radiotherapy
lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Cisplatin
Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014