A Double-blind and Randomized Trial of Celecoxib Added to Risperidone in Treatment-naive First-episode Schizophrenia
A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of celecoxib as an add-on therapy to risperidone compared to risperidone plus placebo in the treatment of 200 treatment-naive first-episode patients with schizophrenia. The study addresses an immune dysfunction hypothesis of schizophrenia.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Celecoxib as Add-on Therapy to Risperidone Versus Risperidone Alone in First-Episode and Drug-naive Patients With Schizophrenia|
- PANSS [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- CGI [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- AIMS [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Cognition [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Celecoxib, immune adjustor
400mg/day, twice a day, 12 weeks
Other Name: Celebrex(R)
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo looks like the active drug celecoxib, with the same dose
twice a day, 12 weeks
Other Name: Placebo
OBJECTIVE: Evidences of high levels of activating cytokines in the CSF and signs of CNS inflammation have suggested that an inflammatory/immunological pathogenesis may exist in a subgroup of schizophrenic patients. We hypothesize that anti-inflammatory therapy by using an add-on agent together with a well-proven neuroleptic may have favorable effects on some schizophrenic patients.
- Clinical Trial: This is a randomized, double-blind and parallel controlled trial in treatment-naive first-episode patients with schizophrenia. The study consists of a 1-week stabilization phase, followed by 12 weeks of double-blind treatment. The total trial duration is 13 weeks.
- Assessment Procedures:
2.1. Primary Outcome Variable-psychopathology: Assessment instruments include the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) (Kay et al, 1987), the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) (Andreasen 1981) and the Clinical Global Impression (ICG). Patients are interviewed at screening, at week-4, at week-1, at baseline and at every two weeks, for a total of 12 ratings.
2.2. Cognitive tests: A comprehensive battery of tests encompassing the cognitive domains of executive function, attention, memory, perception, and general intellect is administered twice at baseline and at the end of 16-week treatment by a trained psychologist. Scoring follows standardized procedures. The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) (Heaton et al, 1993) is administered as a measure of executive function. The N-back (0-3 back) test is administered as a measure of working memory. Logical Memory I and II, Verbal Paired Associates I and II, Visual Reproduction I and II and Digits Forward from the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R) (Wechsler, 1987) are administered as a tests of episodic memory. The Distractibility version of Gordon Continuous Performance Test (CPT)is administered as a test of attention. A four-subtest version of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R), (Wechsler, 1981; Missar et al, 1994) consisting of the Arithmetic, Similarities, Picture Completion, and Digit Symbol Substitution tests is administered to obtain an estimate of current Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient (FSIQ).
2.3. Side Effects: Parkinsonism is rated with the Simpson-Angus Scale for extrapyramidal side effects (SAS, Simpson and Angus, 1970). The Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) (Guy, 1978) is chosen to assess tardive dyskinesia (TD) severity. All of the AIMS and Simpson-Angus Rating Scales are administered by the same investigator, at screening, at week-4, at week-1, at baseline and at baseline and at every two weeks, for a total of 12 ratings.
2.4.Serum Measures: IL-2, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 concentrations
|Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital|
|Beijing, China, 100096|
|Study Chair:||Lian Y Cao, M.D.||Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital|