Morphological and Functional Retinal Changes Following Retinal Photocoagulation (pascal)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Katharina Kriechbaum, Medical University of Vienna
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00682240
First received: May 20, 2008
Last updated: May 22, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

Imaging of retinal morphological changes with time secondary to laser treatment as assessed with high definition optical coherence tomography (OCT). Furthermore changes in retinal function as an effect of treatment will be documented by visual acuity testing using ETDRS charts and microperimetry. The change in vascular leakage will be assessed by performing fluorescein angiography, flare counts will be performed monthly.


Condition Intervention Phase
Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
Macular Edema
Procedure: laser treatment with PASCAL®
Procedure: laser treatment with conventional laser system
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: Morphological and Functional Retinal Changes Following Retinal Photocoagulation Using a Semiautomated Patterned Scanning Laser System in Proliferative Retinopathy or Macular Edema Secondary to Diabetes Mellitus or Retinal Vein Occlusion

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Medical University of Vienna:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Retinal morphological changes with time secondary to laser treatment as assessed with optical coherence tomography (OCT). [ Time Frame: 2007-2014 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • changes in retinal function as an effect of treatment, documented by visual acuity testing and microperimetry. The change in vascular leakage will be assessed by performing fluorescein angiography, flare counts will be performed monthly. [ Time Frame: 2007-2009 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: October 2007
Study Completion Date: February 2014
Primary Completion Date: February 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: group 3
Group 3: 20 patients with proliferative retinopathy secondary to diabetes mellitus or venous occlusion) with need for panretinal photocoagulation. All patients will receive a multi-session panretinal laser treatment according to the conventional protocol, using a conventional laser system.
Procedure: laser treatment with conventional laser system
panretinal laser treatment - multi-session according to the conventional protocol, using a conventional laser system
Active Comparator: group 2
Group 2: 30 patients with proliferative retinopathy secondary to diabetes mellitus or venous occlusion) with need for panretinal photocoagulation randomized into group 2. This group will receive multi-session panretinal laser treatment. The treatment will be performed using Pascal laser system.
Procedure: laser treatment with PASCAL®
panretinal laser treatment - multi-session
Other Name: The PASCAL® (Pattern Scan Laser, OptiMedica ® Corporation)
Active Comparator: group 1
Group 1: 10 patients with proliferative retinopathy secondary to diabetes mellitus or venous occlusion) with need for panretinal photocoagulation randomized into group1.One group will receive a single-session panretinal laser treatment, performed using Pascal laser system.
Procedure: laser treatment with PASCAL®
panretinal laser treatment - single-session
Other Name: PASCAL® (Pattern Scan Laser, OptiMedica ® Corporation)
Active Comparator: group 4
Group 4: 20 patients with persistent central or para-central diabetic macular edema receiving focal or grid laser treatment. As the treatment will be performed according to the conventional protocol (single spot), only the Pascal laser system will be used.
Procedure: laser treatment with PASCAL®
grid / focal laser treatment
Other Name: PASCAL® (Pattern Scan Laser, OptiMedica ® Corporation)

Detailed Description:

Hypertension and diabetes are widespread diseases in our modern society and due to the comfortable, but often unhealthy "western world" lifestyle, the population suffering from its consequences is constantly growing. Vascular pathologies affect the body's entire vascular system subsequently including the circulation and vessels in the eye. For these reasons, after diabetic retinopathy and vein occlusions rank among the most common vascular disorders of the retina, with the highest incidence in a population over the age of 60. As to prevent severe vision loss due to complications induced by these angiopathies, panretinal or segmental laser coagulation is recommended as standard treatment of proliferative retinopathy. So far patients who undergo panretinal coagulation typically receive between 1200 and 1500 lasers spots in two to four sessions over the course of 2 to 4 weeks. Clinical guidelines recommend not exceeding the number of more than 900 applied laser spots per session, due to the development of possible reversible exudative reaction e.g. macular edema. However, the performance of a panretinal photocoagulation is so far a time consuming procedure which is generally painful for the patient. For these reasons new laser systems were developed aiming to solve these obvious drawbacks. Main improvement of these systems is the reduction of the laser burn durations per spot and to enable therefore the rapid application of a large number of spots in a preset pattern. Treatment with reduced pulse duration is associated with less pain for the patient and, compared to several sessions requiring about 30 minutes each when using a conventional laser system, treatment time for a complete panretinal treatment could be significantly reduced. The PASCAL® Laser (Pattern Scan Laser, OptiMedica® Corporation, Santa Clara, CA, USA) is a new commercially available laser system confirming all these requirements.

As the first study part (group I and II) we propose a controlled randomized comparison of single session to conventional multisession panretinal laser treatment, using the Pascal laser system for the single-session protocol and the Pascal laser system or the conventional laser system for the multi-session protocol. Development and regression of a retinal exudative reaction and the eventual onset of transient macular edema will be observed and documented. The morphological changes within the retina induced by laser burns will be imaged mainly using optical coherence tomography techniques. In regard to determine the lowest laser intensity as possible to produce a visible morphologic effect within small retinal areas different laser intensities will be used for photocoagulation of retinal segments to show the effect of a "sub-threshold" and gentle laser burn.

As a second study part (group III), grid pattern laser coagulation will be performed in a conventional way using the Pascal laser system. In a small area of the retinal perifoveal zone showing macular edema, morphologic effects of photocoagulation using titrated low, sub threshold or threshold laser energy will be analyzed using OCT.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed informed consent
  • Age 18 years
  • Patients with either retinopathy/maculopathy secondary to diabetes mellitus type I or II with medical indication for segmental or panretinal laser coagulation or with necessity for completion of previous incomplete laser photocoagulation.
  • Patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy requiring panretinal laser treatment (Group 1, 2 and 3)
  • Patients with macular edema requiring central focal or grid laser treatment (Group 4).

Exclusion criteria:

  • A condition that would preclude a patient for participation in the study in opinion of investigator, e.g., unstable medical status including glycemic control and blood pressure.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00682240

Locations
Austria
Dept. of Opthalmology, Medical University of Vienna
Vienna, Austria, 1090
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of Vienna
Investigators
Study Chair: Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth, MD Medial University of Vienna, Dept. of Ophthalmology
Principal Investigator: Katharina Kriechbaum, MD Medical University of Vienna
Principal Investigator: Matthias Bolz, MD Medical University of Vienna
Principal Investigator: Sonja Prager, MD Medical University Vienna
  More Information

No publications provided by Medical University of Vienna

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Katharina Kriechbaum, Ass.Prof.Dr., Medical University of Vienna
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00682240     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pascal Study
Study First Received: May 20, 2008
Last Updated: May 22, 2014
Health Authority: Austria: Agency for Health and Food Safety

Keywords provided by Medical University of Vienna:
retinal morphology
laser treatment
pascal laser
HD-OCT

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetic Retinopathy
Edema
Macular Edema
Retinal Diseases
Retinal Vein Occlusion
Eye Diseases
Diabetic Angiopathies
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Venous Thrombosis
Thrombosis
Embolism and Thrombosis

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014