The Psychoneuroimmunology of Insomnia
Chronic insomnia affects approximately 8-9% of the population. The prevalence of this disorder rises dramatically across the lifespan, especially so in women. When it is chronic, insomnia is associated with increased fatigue, cognitive impairment, mood disturbance, physical complaints, diminished quality of life and increased health care consumption. There is also more limited evidence (based on epidemiologic studies or experimental studies in healthy subjects) that insomnia and/or sleep loss may be a risk factor for hypertension and/or cardiovascular disease and increased mortality.
Despite its prevalence and consequences, the pathophysiology of insomnia and, specifically, the pathway by which morbidity risk is conferred, has been relatively unstudied. With respect to medical illness in particular, insomnia may confer risk in several ways, including: 1) an inherent compromise in the restorative/conservative function of sleep, 2) the deleterious effects of "hyperarousal" and/or HPA axis abnormalities on end organ integrity and function, and/or 3) diminished immunocompetence. This study focuses on the last of these possibilities, the relationship between immune function and sleep.
The study compares immune response to a vaccine challenge in two groups: good sleepers and patients with chronic insomnia. The primary study hypothesis is that the insomnia group will have a decreased rate of adaptive immune response to the vaccine challenge than that of the good sleeper group.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Psychoneuroimmunology of Insomnia: Response to a Vaccine Challenge|
- Positive Antibody Response [ Time Frame: 3 Months after initial vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Sero-Response to the Hepatitis B vaccine, defined as reaching or exceeding a Hepatitis B surface antigen level of greater than or equal to 10mIU/mL.
|Study Start Date:||March 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|United States, New York|
|University of Rochester Sleep Research Laboratory|
|Rochester, New York, United States, 14642|
|Principal Investigator:||Wilfred R Pigeon, Ph.D.||University of Rochester|