Effects of Probiotics on Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Western Ontario, Canada
St. Joseph's Health Care London
Information provided by:
Lawson Health Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00664820
First received: April 18, 2008
Last updated: September 2, 2009
Last verified: September 2009
  Purpose

The purpose of the present study is to examine the utility of probiotics as an adjunctive therapy (in addition to patients' pharmacotherapy) for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

We hypothesize that specifically selected probiotics, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14, can alleviate symptoms of RA and thereby increase the daily activity of these patients.


Condition Intervention
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Dietary Supplement: Probiotic capsules containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Effects of Probiotics on Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Lawson Health Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary outcome will be the number of patients that achieve an ACR20 response. So we will compare the number of patients that achieved an ACR20 response in the probiotic group to those that achieved an ACR20 response in the placebo group. [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Immunological parameters (TNFα, IL-12, IL-10 and G-CSF) along with the eight components of the ACR20 response will be the secondary outcomes. Serum creatinine and liver function will be evaluated as parameters of any side effects of the probiotics. [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: March 2008
Study Completion Date: July 2009
Primary Completion Date: July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment group
Will receive two Urex-CAP-5 (probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14) capsules daily for 3 months.
Dietary Supplement: Probiotic capsules containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14
2 capsules daily for 3 months.
Other Name: Urex-CAP-5 capsule

Detailed Description:

Patients between 18 - 80 years old who have Rheumatoid arthritis with at least 4 swollen and tender joints will be randomized to receive by mouth two capsules containing placebo or probiotic, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14, daily. The subjects will continue to take the placebo or probiotic, in addition to their RA medications (i.e. ongoing medication and/or other therapy, such as physiotherapy are permitted, except immunotherapy) for three months.

At day 0 (visit #1) (when recruited and just prior to starting to take capsules), at day 45 (visit #2), and at day 90 (visit #3), blood samples of approximately 40 ml of blood (8 teaspoons) will be collected by clinical technicians working in the Lab Test Centre at St. Joseph's Health Center. The blood samples will be used to evaluate Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein level. In addition, immunological markers like TNFα, IL-12, IL-10 and G-CSF will also be measured. Serum creatinine and liver function will be evaluated as parameters of any side effects of the probiotics.

Probiotics/placebo will be dispensed from the pharmacy and provided to the subjects by the study investigator at the first visit (for the first 45 days) and second visit (for the final 45 days).

At day 0, 45 and 90 (visits 1, 2 and 3) a physical exam will be completed, where the physician will count the number of swollen and tender joints and complete the Physician Global Assessment of Disease activity. In addition, at these times, the patients will be asked to complete the following self-administered questionnaires:

  • Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ);
  • Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity
  • Patient Assessment of Pain and Assessment of Duration of Morning stiffness.

Patients will also be asked about feeling fatigued or sleepy, as these are standard questions that come with the above-mentioned questionnaires. These are simple questionnaires that will take approximately 15 minutes to complete. In visit 2 and 3 the physician will confirm if the participant is taking the study capsule/placebo correctly, review any new medications the patient has taken since the last visit and will ask about adverse events that may have occurred.

At day 90, subjects will stop taking capsules.

A follow-up phone call will take place 30 days after the completion of the study medication (day 120). If a patient is withdrawn or withdraws from the study prematurely, he/she will be asked to receive a follow-up telephone call 30 days from the date they last took the study product. During the phone call, which should not take more than 10 minutes, the participant will be asked about any medications taken in the past month and about any possible side effects (unwanted effects or health problems) that they may have experienced.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Are between the ages of 18 to 80
  2. Are clinically diagnosed with RA (according to ACR criteria)
  3. Have been on stable RA treatment and are expected to stay on stable RA treatment during the time of the study (i.e. ongoing medication and/or other therapy, such as physiotherapy are permitted, except immunotherapy).
  4. Have at least 4 swollen and tender joints on a 64/66 scale
  5. Women of childbearing capacity and who agree to an acceptable method of birth control. Acceptable methods of birth control will include: hormone therapy (oral birth control pills, injectable or skin patches), barrier contraceptive with spermacide, an intra uterine device (IUD) or complete abstinence (no sexual intercourse).
  6. Patients who did not meet any of the exclusion criteria stated below.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Receiving ongoing immunotherapy for RA
  2. Has inflammatory bowel disease or leaky gut
  3. Currently consuming probiotics and refuse to have a two week washout period
  4. Have known allergies to any component in the study product or placebo
  5. Plan to have surgery during the time of the study
  6. Mental illness impairing ability to comply with study
  7. Women who are pregnant or plan to get pregnant during the study period
  8. Women who are breastfeeding
  9. Consumption of probiotic-containing products during study treatment
  10. Patients participating in another NHP clinical trial
  11. Patients enrolled in another clinical trial in the past 3 month
  12. Women who are breastfeeding
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00664820

Locations
Canada, Ontario
St. Joseph's Health Care
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 4V2
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lawson Health Research Institute
University of Western Ontario, Canada
St. Joseph's Health Care London
Investigators
Study Director: Maria Pineda, BA University of Western Ontario, Canada
Study Director: Janet Pope, MD St. Joseph's Health Center
Principal Investigator: Gregor Reid, PhD Lawson Health Research Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Dr. Gregor Reid, Lawson Health Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00664820     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R-08-140
Study First Received: April 18, 2008
Last Updated: September 2, 2009
Health Authority: Canada: Ethics Review Committee
Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by Lawson Health Research Institute:
Rheumatoid Arthritics
probiotics
Lactobacillus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014