Oxcarbazepine as an Adjunct of Antipsychotic Therapy in Acute Schizophrenia (OXC-SCZ)
Over recent years an approach with the adjunctive administration of various anticonvulsant drugs has been discussed and a limited number of open and controlled studies were performed for carbamazepine, valproic acid, and lamotrigine. While the latter shows promising effects in the long run it has some handling difficulties in the acute treatment of acute psychotic exacerbations. Valproic acid has shown inconsistent effects in schizophrenia with no significant effects in a recent controlled study. Although still controversially discussed, carbamazepine was found to offer beneficial effects in the treatment of schizophrenia. Nonetheless, data on these effects are limited by small sample sizes or poor design of most of the respective studies. Furthermore, the complex pharmacological interactions of new atypical neuroleptics with carbamazepine underline the necessity of alternative strategies in adjuvant treatment of schizophrenia as well as in combined treatment of bipolar disorders with mood stabilizers and neuroleptics.
Oxcarbazepine (OXC) is a new anticonvulsant drug that acts as a pro-drug for the 10-monohydroxy metabolite (MHD), an active metabolite also of carbamazepine that is suggested to be responsible for most of its therapeutic actions. Therefore, the pharmacological action of OXC is very well comparable to carbamazepine whilst there are fewer unwanted side effects of OXC regarding eg. skin rush, and effects on blood compounds or cardiotropic effects.
The effects of OXC on cytochrome CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 are moderate and UDPGT is only slightly affected by OXC, which leads to less interaction with other compounds on a pharmacokinetical level.
In psychiatry, the few studies published until now report positive effects of OXC in bipolar disorders. With regards to our own clinical observations, OXC has shown potential beneficial effects as an adjunct in the treatment of schizophrenia as well that require further evaluation in a controlled study design.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Oxcarbazepine as an Adjunct of Antipsychotic Therapy in Acute Schizophrenia|
- Amount of Olanzapine Co-medication [ Time Frame: 5 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- BPRS [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Extrapyramidal symptoms [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Weight gain [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Prolactin levels in plasma [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- ECG QT-C time elongation [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Neurocognitive performance [ Time Frame: 6 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Oxcarbazepine (OXC), 300 mg tablets, up to 600 mg three times daily
|Placebo Comparator: 2||
Placebo, 300 mg tablets, up to 600 mg three times daily
This is an explorative controlled study with Oxcarbazepine (OXC) as an adjunct in the acute treatment of schizophrenia. The study will be performed in subjects between 18 and 50 years of age with an acute schizophrenic or schizophreniform disorder according to DSM-IV. The study will be performed according to Guidelines for Good Clinical Practice (GCP).
The primary hypothesis of this study is that adjunctive treatment with OXC yields at least comparable efficacy regarding antipsychotic actions with lower doses of neuroleptics and consequently substantially fewer adverse events.
A randomised controlled, double blind study is intended. During a 6 weeks treatment trial two groups of patients will be basically treated with olanzapine (starting with 5 mg after one week with an optional, BPRS-controlled step by step increase of about 2,5 mg each following week). Patients will receive a placebo controlled adjunctive therapy with OXC (1800 mg/day). After the initial lead-in of OXC within 7 days (allowing lorazepam as comedication), treatment with olanzapine will be started. Based on biometric calculations, a drop out adjusted sample size of 222 inpatients will be necessary
|Isar-Amper-Klinikum gemeinnützige GmbH, Klinik Taufkirchen (Vils)|
|Taufkirchen (Vils), Bayern, Germany, 84416|
|University of Cologne, Dept. of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy|
|Cologne, NRW, Germany, 50924|
|Study Director:||F. Markus Leweke, MD||University of Cologne|