Biomarkers in Exhaled Breath From Asthmatic Patients

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00635271
First received: March 8, 2008
Last updated: February 19, 2014
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

This study will look for a relationship between asthma and factors released from the lungs in exhaled breath. If a relationship can be established, the identified factors may be used as biomarkers to predict episodes of increased asthma symptoms so that medications can be given to prevent the onset of an asthma attack.

Healthy volunteers and people who have had asthma for at least 1 year may be eligible for this study. Candidates must be between 18 and 75 years of age.

Participants undergo blood tests and breathing tests. For the latter, participants breathe into a machine before and after inhaling an asthma medication called albuterol. The machine measures the volume of air the subject can breathe out. Participants also provide a sample of exhaled breath by breathing normally for up to 30 minutes while wearing a mask devised for the procedure. Pulse rate, oxygen saturation and wheezing are monitored during the breath collection....


Condition Phase
Asthma
Phase 1

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Identification of Biomarkers in Exhaled Breath Condensates From Asthmatic Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Enrollment: 19
Study Start Date: February 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2012
Detailed Description:

Asthma is a major public health problem that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Patients at increased risk for asthma decompensations include those with severe asthma that is refractory to therapy, as well as patients with poorly controlled disease due to inadequate treatment. The aim of this exploratory specimen procurement protocol is to develop a non-invasive method for the detection of asthma-specific biomarkers in exhaled breath condensates (EBC) utilizing a novel collection device that was engineered at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. Biomarkers in EBC will be identified by mass spectroscopy. We propose that the identification of biomarkers in EBC that correlate with airway inflammation and disease activity may be used to guide therapy and prevent exacerbations in asthmatic patients.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA - ASTHMA:

Patients will be between 18 and 75 years of age, male or female, with a diagnosis of asthma for at least one year.

Oxygen saturation on room air greater than or equal to 92 percent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA - ASTHMA:

Diagnosis of a pulmonary disorder other than asthma (for example: chronic bronchitis, emphysema, cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, sarcoidosis, HIV-related lymphocytic airway inflammation).

Cigarette smoking within the past 3 months or a prior history of greater than 10 cumulative pack-years.

History of coronary artery disease.

INCLUSION CRITERIA HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS:

Research volunteers will be between 18 and 75 years of age, male or female.

Oxygen saturation on room air greater than or equal to 92 percent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS:

Same as the asthmatic exclusion criteria plus a history of asthma.

Reversible Airflow Obstruction (increase in FEV (1) by 12 percent and 200 cc after inhaled beta 2-agonist)

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00635271

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Stewart J Levine, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00635271     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080081, 08-H-0081
Study First Received: March 8, 2008
Last Updated: February 19, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Asthma
Biomarker
Exhaled Breath Condensate
Cytokine
Healthy Volunteer
HV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Asthma
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014