Evaluation of Toxicity From Stem Cell Transplant

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00631787
First received: March 7, 2008
Last updated: June 26, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

This study will try to determine what causes toxic side effects of stem cell transplantation, such as increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, decreased kidney function and abnormal heart rhythms. Stem cells are used to treat various diseases, including cancer, aplastic anemia and sickle cell disease. The cells may be given fresh to the patient or they may be preserved first with a chemical called DMSO and frozen for later use. Some stem cell transplant procedures include infusion of red blood cells along with the stem cells. This study will examine whether side effects of stem cell transplants are associated with the DMSO preservative in frozen cells or with hemoglobin (a protein released from defrosted red blood cells) or neither of these factors.

Healthy volunteers and patients scheduled to receive a stem cell transplant may be eligible for this study. Candidates must be between 10 and 80 years of age.

Transplant patients will undergo a stem cell transplant. The cells are infused through a catheter placed in a vein for the procedure. Depending on the patient s requirements, the infusion may or may not include red blood cells and may or may not contain DMSO. Healthy volunteers undergo a 4-hour saline infusion. The saline (water mixed with salt) is infused through a catheter (plastic tube) placed in a vein in the arm. In addition, all participants have the following tests and procedures:

  • Heart monitoring: Healthy volunteers wear a portable heart monitor, attached to the chest using four stickers, for 24 hours starting the morning of the infusion. Transplant patients wear the same device for 48 hours, starting the morning before the infusion.
  • Blood draws and urine collections before, during, just after and the morning after the infusion of saline or stem cells.
  • Heart ultrasound before, during or just after and the morning after the infusion.
  • Peripheral artery tonometry: A small cup is placed on one finger of each hand to measure blood flow in the finger. A blood pressure cuff is inflated around the lower arm and tight pressure is maintained for about 5 minutes.

Condition
Organ Dysfunction
Hemolysis

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Evaluation of Systemic Toxicity Associated With Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Infusion

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Enrollment: 61
Study Start Date: February 2008
Detailed Description:

Allogeneic and autologous bone marrow transplantation is currently the only curative option for many patients with life-threatening hematologic illnesses and malignancies. Peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) infusion has been associated with systemic toxicities including arrhythmias, hypertension, and organ dysfunction. It has been thought that the preservative dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) that is frequently used to store frozen PBSCs may be the etiology of the adverse effects that occur during the infusion. However, we hypothesize that the red blood cells that rupture upon thawing infused with the graft release free hemoglobin which scavenges nitric oxide. This can lead to systemic vasoconstriction and organ dysfunction. In this protocol, we will monitor subjects who are undergoing PBSC transplantation with either fresh grafts that lack DMSO or frozen whole grafts. We will also evaluate patients who receive purified stem cell grafts, which will contain negligible red blood cells and associated free hemoglobin. We will then measure the frequency of infusion-related systemic toxicity and organ dysfunction between the groups.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS:

Ages 10 to 80

Normal renal function: creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL in subjects greater than or equal to 18 years of age, less than or equal to 1.0 mg/dL in subjects 13 to 17 years of age, less than or equal to 0.7 in subjects 10 to 12 years of age, and proteinuria less than 1+

Normal liver function: bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL and transaminases within normal limits

Normal pulmonary arterial pressure by transthoracic echocardiogram (tricuspid regurgitant velocity less than 2.5 m/s)

Ability to comprehend and willing to sign an informed consent/assent

INCLUSION CRITERIA ALL OTHERS:

Ages 10-80

Otherwise as stated on the subject s primary protocol

EXCLUSION CRITERIA HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS:

History of clinically significant cardiac or pulmonary disease

EXCLUSION CRITERIA ALL OTHERS:

Patients receiving nitrate antihypertensive medications

Clinically unstable patients in which transfer to the intensive care unit is being considered

Otherwise as stated on the subject s primary protocol

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00631787

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Courtney D Fitzhugh, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00631787     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080084, 08-H-0084
Study First Received: March 7, 2008
Last Updated: June 26, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Nitric Oxide
Hemolysis
Plasma Hemoglobin
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Organ Dysfuntion
Healthy Volunteer
HV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hemolysis
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014