Dental Tobacco Control.Net:Improving Practice (DTC)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00627185
First received: February 14, 2008
Last updated: August 27, 2010
Last verified: August 2010
  Purpose

This is a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) to test the efficacy of an internet continuing dental education intervention designed to increase tobacco cessation counseling in dental practices. The intervention involves surveying practices regarding preventive care, surveying adult patients about their tobacco habits and preventive care provided by dental practice and training/educating the dentist and office staff on tobacco cessation. With patients who smoke and indicate that they have quit, we followed up with testing their saliva for the presence of cotinine. We have enrolled general dentists and periodontists who practice in the Southeastern United States.


Condition Intervention Phase
Tobacco Use Disorder
Behavioral: Internet-delivered continuing professional development
Phase 0

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dental Tobacco Control.Net:Improving Practice

Further study details as provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Our primary outcome measures are patient-reported provider delivered tobacco screening and tobacco cessation advice. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8-months post-intervention, and 24-months post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Point prevalence smoking cessation [ Time Frame: six-months after index visit for patients who smoke ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 190
Study Start Date: September 2003
Study Completion Date: August 2008
Primary Completion Date: June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Intervention group (dental practices) that received the interactive motivational website for patient tobacco cessation
Behavioral: Internet-delivered continuing professional development
Interactive motivational website for dentists and hygienists with practice improvement resources, discussion forum, and educational cases on cessation counseling with email reminders.
Other Names:
  • Internet
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care
  • Tobacco Use Cessation
No Intervention: 2
Control group (dental practices) that did not receive any materials or resources on tobacco cessation. This is a wait-list control.
Behavioral: Internet-delivered continuing professional development
Interactive motivational website for dentists and hygienists with practice improvement resources, discussion forum, and educational cases on cessation counseling with email reminders.
Other Names:
  • Internet
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care
  • Tobacco Use Cessation

Detailed Description:

Tobacco use has been described as the number one behavioral health problem of our time with a projected 8.4 million total smoking related deaths worldwide by the year 2020. Current clinical practice guidelines entitled "Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence" provide a summary of evidence-based recommendations. Despite the evidence of tobacco risk and the efficacy of tobacco control interventions, 30% of current smokers report that they have never been advised to stop smoking by a healthcare provider. Nearly half (47.9%) of dentists report they have never intervened to assist tobacco users in quitting. Our intervention is designed to improve the rate of tobacco cessation advice delivered in dental practices.

This proposal is in response to the request for applications "Translational Research in Dental Practice-based Tobacco Control Interventions" (RFA: DE-03-007). Our exploration of barriers and facilitators will assist in clarifying processes that influence translation of tobacco-related knowledge into clinical dental practice. Our trial will integrate theoretically grounded methods of provider behavior change, medical informatics, and tobacco control research to translate guidelines into dental clinical practice. We will avoid a "one-size-fits-all" approach by tailoring strategies for tobacco cessation counseling to individual practices. The intervention will be longitudinal, with updates and continuous access for dentists and dental staff over 2 years. Our evaluation will extend from processes of care to patient outcomes. Ancillary analyses will assess differences in tobacco counseling rates associated with practice, provider, and patient-level variables including disparities in counseling by race. To assess the relative impact of various components of the multi-modal intervention, we will conduct secondary analyses of the association of amount of use of each specific component with frequency of tobacco cessation counseling within the intervention group.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • general dental practices that have internet access
  • Periodontal practices that have internet access
  • patients of participating dental or periodontal practices

Exclusion Criteria:

  • patients who were 18 years of age and younger
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00627185

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Thomas K Houston, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Thomas K. Houston, University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00627185     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: X030814016, R01 DA017971
Study First Received: February 14, 2008
Last Updated: August 27, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:
Tobacco control
Tobacco cessation
Tobacco use

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tobacco Use Disorder
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014