Evaluation of the Extension at Community Level of Safe Male Circumcision (ANRS 12126 ORANGE FARM 2)
This study is aimed at demonstrating whether or not Male Circumcision can be used as an effective public health prevention tool that will have an impact on HIV prevalence in the South African population.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Evaluation of the Extension at Community Level of Safe Male Circumcision (ANRS 12126 ORANGE FARM 2)|
- HIV prevalence in population [ Time Frame: at the end of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Sexual behavior, HSV-2 prevalence, circumcision prevalence, knowledge regarding HIV, AIDS and male circumcision [ Time Frame: at the end of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Male circumcision by experimented doctor or nurse
|Procedure: Male Circumcision|
A randomized, controlled trial (ANRS 1265) conducted in Orange Farm (South Africa) has demonstrated that male circumcision (MC) can reduce the risk of HIV acquisition by more than 50% among young men. This result has been confirmed by two similar studies conducted in Uganda and in Kenya.
Giving these findings, the next logical step is to demonstrate whether or not MC can be used as an effective public health prevention tool that will have an impact on HIV in populations as well as among individuals.
This research study aims to establish a MC intervention in the community where the first randomized controlled trial of the impact of MC on men's risk of acquiring HIV infection was carried out in order to evaluate its impact on:
- knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding MC
- existing means of prevention (sexual behavior change, condom use, STI treatment-seeking behavior and VCT (voluntary counseling and testing) attendance)
- the spread of HIV and HSV-2
This research will be carried out over a period of 60 months and will have three major components: (1) the delivery of the intervention, (2) quantitative studies (cross-sectional surveys), and (3) qualitative studies.
|Male Circumcision Centre|
|Orange Farm, Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Principal Investigator:||Bertran Auvert, MD, PhD||University of Versailles, INSERM U687, France|
|Principal Investigator:||David Lewis, MD||NICD, Johannesburg|
|Principal Investigator:||Mohamed Haffejee, MD||Wits Medical School, Urology Department, Johannesburg|