Vaccine Therapy, Tretinoin, and Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients With Metastatic Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00601796
First received: January 19, 2008
Last updated: May 15, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to find out what effects (good and/or bad) a tumor vaccine used in combination with two drugs (ATRA and cytoxan) have on the patient and their cancer. We also want to find out if the vaccine and the drugs can boost the patient's immune system and how their immune system reacts, both before and after the vaccine treatment.


Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer
Biological: Vaccine Treatment
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combination Immunotherapy for Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Evaluable Participants With Tumor Response [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants with evaluable peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) who demonstrated sustained tumor peptide-specific T-cell activation after vaccination. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected at baseline and after each vaccination. T-cell activation profiles were analyzed by ELISpot assay and tested by generalized Wilcoxon for correlation to survival.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Median Time to Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Analysis of Time to Progression and Survival Endpoints. All patients will be considered in the analysis of progression free survival time (time from start of treatment to progression or death) and survival time (time from initiation of treatment to death). Progression is defined using the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0), as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter (LD) of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions.

    Follow-up for this analysis will continue for all patients for their lifetimes. Time to progression and survival probabilities over time will be calculated by the method of Kaplan-Meier.


  • Median Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Analysis of Time to Progression and Survival Endpoints. All patients will be considered in the analysis of progression free survival time (time from start of treatment to progression or death) and survival time (time from initiation of treatment to death). Follow-up for this analysis will continue for all patients for their lifetimes. Time to progression and survival probabilities over time will be calculated by the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  • Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Toxicity will be assessed using the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Criteria (CTAE-3),Version 3.0 (www.ctep.cancer.gov). Particular attention will assess the presence of symptomatic lymphadenopathy or any local skin / soft tissue reaction at the vaccine site. Blood tests for ANA and rheumatoid factor will be performed on any patient who develops evidence of autoimmune phenomena.


Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: June 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Combination Immunotherapy
Vaccine + Cytoxan + ATRA as outlined in Detailed Description
Biological: Vaccine Treatment
We created a vaccine in which irradiated allogeneic lung adenocarcinoma cells are combined with a bystander K562 cell line transfected with hCD40L and hGM-CSF. By recruiting and activating dendritic cells, we hypothesized the vaccine would induce tumor regression in metastatic lung adenocarcinoma. Intradermal vaccine was given every 14 days x3, followed by monthly x3.
Other Name: Allogeneic Tumor Cell-Based Vaccines
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Cyclophosphamide (300 mg/m^2 IV) was administered before 1st and 4th vaccines to deplete regulatory T-cells.
Other Name: cytoxan
Drug: All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)
All-trans retinoic acid was given (150/mg/m^2/day) after 1st and 4th vaccines to enhance dendritic differentiation.
Other Names:
  • Vesanoid®
  • tretinoin
  • all trans retinoic acid
  • ATRA

Detailed Description:

This protocol describes a phase II study involving patients with stage IV adenocarcinoma of the lung. Treatment will consist of Cyclophosphamide (300 mg/m²) to be given IV on day 1 and day 57. On day 4 immunization with intradermal vaccine injections at 4 separate sites (bilateral upper arms and bilateral upper thighs will be repeated every 14 days times 2 followed by every 28 days times 3 (day 4, 18, 32, 60, 88, and 116). Decavac (tetanus shot) 0.5 cc intramuscular (IM) will be given after the first vaccine. ATRA (150 mg/m2/day) oral three times daily (TID) dosing administered after the first and fourth vaccines (day 5-7 & day 61-63). Those patients achieving stable disease (SD), partial response (PR), or complete response (CR) at restaging after the initial 6 vaccines will receive additional vaccines every 3 months until disease progression. The vaccine will consist of GM.CD40L bystander cells admixed with an equivalent number of the 2 allogeneic tumor cell lines. There will be a +/- 7 day window for all study related exams, tests, and procedures.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lung
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, or 1
  • No radiation therapy within 2 weeks of first vaccine administration
  • No chemotherapy within 4 weeks of first vaccine administration
  • No steroid therapy within 4 weeks of first vaccine administration
  • Patient's written informed consent
  • Adequate organ function (measured within a week of beginning treatment)
  • Patients will be tested for human leukocyte antigen A0201 (HLA-A0201) as determined by flow cytometry followed by molecular analysis of a peripheral blood specimen, however this result will not be an inclusion criterion.
  • Measurable metastatic tumor as defined by standard Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria. Lesions must be accurately measured in at least one dimension with the longest diameter greater than or equal 20mm. With spiral computer tomography (CT) scan, lesion must be greater than or equal to 10 mm at least one dimension.
  • Patient's must have received, and completed first line chemotherapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Symptomatic brain metastasis
  • Any acute medical problems requiring active intervention
  • Current corticosteroid (other than replacement doses in patients who are hypoadrenal) or other immunosuppressive therapy
  • Any other pre-existing immunodeficiency condition (including known HIV infection)
  • Pregnant or lactating women -- Patients in reproductive age must agree to use contraceptive methods for the duration of the study (*A pregnancy test will be obtained before treatment).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2, 3 or 4
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00601796

Locations
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612-9497
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alberto Chiappori, MD H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00601796     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-14744, P30CA076292, NIH-OBA-0608-801
Study First Received: January 19, 2008
Results First Received: February 27, 2013
Last Updated: May 15, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
adenocarcinoma of the lung
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Tretinoin
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Keratolytic Agents
Dermatologic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014