Diagnostic Three Dimensional Echocardiography Study Protocol (NSBRI 4401)
The purpose of this study is to perform ground-based research to study what happens to the heart muscle in space. People who have problems with their aortic valve have an increase in the amount of muscle in the left ventricle of the heart. After valve surgery, the amount of muscle should decrease and return to normal. Astronauts lose heart muscle mass during space flight. Our study will look at these changes in your heart, which we believe are similar to what happens during long term space travel.
This study will look at the accuracy of three dimensional ultrasound imaging (echo) in monitoring the changes in heart size and function following aortic valve replacement. We are studying ways to prevent health-related problems that men and women will face on long-duration space missions.
The hypothesis is that serial two dimensional and three dimensional echo will show accurate changes in the left ventricle mass and volume following aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis or regurgitation
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Aortic Valve Insufficiency
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Diagnostic Two and Three Dimensional Echocardiography Study Protocol|
- Diagnostic 2D and 3D echocardiography [ Time Frame: 6 - 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- BNP levels [ Time Frame: 6-12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- MRI [ Time Frame: 6-12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2001|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2009|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Diagnostic Three Dimensional Echocardiography Study Protocol
A. Aims The overall purpose of this study is to perform ground-based research, development, and validation aimed at optimizing diagnostic ultrasound in manned spaceflight, with the following unifying hypothesis: Serial 3D ultrasound examinations will enhance diagnostic capabilities in manned spaceflight.
- To optimize acquisition methods for 3D sonography using reconstruction and real-time techniques
- To determine the utility of serial 3D ultrasound examinations in identifying renal calculi and their complications including the development and resolution of hydronephrosis and calyceal dilatation.
- To determine the utility of serial 2D and 3D ultrasound examinations in demonstrating cardiac remodeling (changes in cardiac dimensions, volume, mass and function) and defining its determinants after left ventricular unloading following aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis or regurgitation.
- To determine whether changes in plasma BNP levels accurately reflect changes in LV mass and volume.
- Serial 3D ultrasound examinations will allow accurate diagnosis of nephrolithiasis and tracking of complications including hydronephrosis and calyceal dilatation
- Serial 2D and 3D ultrasound will allow accurate tracking of changes in LV mass and volume following aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis or regurgitation.
- Changes in plasma BNP levels will fall in proportion to the decrease in LV mass and volume.
|United States, Ohio|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195|
|Principal Investigator:||Jim D Thomas, MD||The Cleveland Clinic|