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Bevacizumab (Avastin®) + Erlotinib as First-line Therapy for Stage IIIB/IV or Recurrent, Non-squamous Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Utah
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00585377
First received: December 21, 2007
Last updated: July 23, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

In an attempt to improve the therapeutic index for initial therapy of metastatic NSCLC, the combination of bevacizumab and erlotinib is being proposed as first-line treatment in place of conventional chemotherapy. This trial is intended to provide pilot data for a future randomized trial of this combination of targeted agents versus conventional chemotherapy for advanced NSCLC.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cancer
Drug: Bevacizumab and Erlotinib
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: AVF4236s: Bevacizumab (Avastin®) + Erlotinib as First-line Therapy for Stage IIIB/IV or Recurrent, Non-squamous Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Utah:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Aug 2007-Aug 2007 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluation of progression-free survival, response (RECIST), safety, toxicity, subsequent treatment sites of first disease progression, laboratory correlates. [ Time Frame: Aug 2007-Aug 2007 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: August 2007
Study Completion Date: May 2013
Primary Completion Date: May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
1 Drug: Bevacizumab and Erlotinib
Erlotinib 150 mg/day orally plus bevacizumab 15 mg/kg intravenously every 21 days
Other Names:
  • Bevacizumab: Avastin®
  • Erlotinib: Tarceva®

Detailed Description:

The combination of Bevacizumab and Erlotinib show encouraging activity for patients with previously treated, non-small-cell lung cancer. In a phase I/II study of erlotinib and bevacizumab in patients with nonsquamous stage IIIB/IV NSCLC with one or more prior chemotherapy exposures, a recommended phase II dose was established at erlotinib 150 mg/day orally plus bevacizumab 15 mg/kg intravenously every 21 days (13) Forty patients were treated at the recommended Phase II dose. The median age was 59 years (range, 36 to 72 years), 21 were female, 30 had adenocarcinoma histology, nine were never-smokers, and 22 had > or = two prior regimens (three patients had > or = four prior regimens). The most common adverse events were mild to moderate rash, diarrhea, and proteinuria. No pharmacokinetic interactions were identified. Eight patients (20.0%; 95% CI, 7.6% to 32.4%) had partial responses and 26 (65.0%; 95% CI, 50.2% to 79.8%) had stable disease as their best response. The median overall survival for the 34 patients treated at the phase II dose was 12.6 months, with progression-free survival of 6.2 months. These data compare favorably with conventional chemotherapy in the salvage setting for NCSLC where the response rates are < 10% and median survivals are 6-8 months (14-16).

In an attempt to improve the therapeutic index for initial therapy of metastatic NSCLC, the combination of bevacizumab and erlotinib is being proposed as first-line treatment in place of conventional chemotherapy. The regimen will be beneficial if toxicity is reduced and efficacy is unchanged or if efficacy is improved. Since this regimen causes no hair loss, minimal nausea and no cytopenia, which nearly eliminated the risks of infections and bleeding, the combination of targeted agents appears to be better tolerated than conventional chemotherapy. Efficacy may also be improved since its activity in the salvage setting when patients are less likely to respond to any treatment rivals that of conventional chemotherapy in the untreated setting. In addition, erlotinib alone in the untreated setting can yield results that are not dissimilar from chemotherapy under similar conditions. Hence, it is hypothesized that the combination of erlotinib plus bevacizumab can produce superior results with less toxicity. This trial is intended to provide pilot data for a future randomized trial of this combination of targeted agents versus conventional chemotherapy for advanced NSCLC.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Histological or cytological diagnosis of non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer. Mixed tumors will be categorized by the predominant cell type unless small cell elements are present, in which case the patient is ineligible.
  • Stage wet IIIB-IV or recurrent disease
  • No significant hemoptysis (bright red blood< 1/2 teaspoon or more per episode within 3 months)
  • Performance status of 0-1
  • Prior radiation allowed if > 15 days.
  • No prior treatment for metastatic disease. Adjuvant treatment allowed if greater than 6 months has passed.

Exclusion Criteria

Disease-Specific Exclusions

  • History of hemoptysis (bright red blood of 1/2 teaspoon or more per episode) within 3 months prior to study enrollment.
  • Current, ongoing treatment with full-dose warfarin
  • Current or recent (within 10 days of enrollment) use of aspirin (>325 mg/day) or chronic use of other NSAIDs.
  • Performance status =2-4
  • Known HIV-related disease

General Medical Exclusions

Subjects meeting any of the following criteria are ineligible for study entry:

  • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
  • Current, recent (within 4 weeks of the first infusion of this study), or planned participation in an experimental drug study other than a Genentech-sponsored bevacizumab cancer study

Bevacizumab (Avastin®)-Specific Exclusions

  • Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure >150 and/or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg on antihypertensive medications)
  • Any prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure (see Appendix E)
  • History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to study enrollment
  • History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to study enrollment
  • Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection)
  • Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to study enrollment or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • Core biopsy or other minor surgical procedure, excluding placement of a vascular access device, within 7 days prior to study enrollment
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to study enrollment
  • Serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • Proteinuria at screening as demonstrated by either
  • Urine protein:creatinine (UPC) ratio > 1.0 at screening OR
  • Urine dipstick for proteinuria ≥ 2+ (patients discovered to have ≥2+ proteinuria on dipstick urinalysis at baseline should undergo a 24 hour urine collection and must demonstrate ≤ 1g of protein in 24 hours to be eligible).
  • Known hypersensitivity to any component of bevacizumab
  • Pregnant (positive pregnancy test) or lactating. Use of effective means of contraception (men and women) in subjects of child-bearing potential
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00585377

Locations
United States, Utah
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Utah
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Wallace Akerley, MD University of Utah
  More Information

No publications provided by University of Utah

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Utah
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00585377     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HCI24377, AVF4236s:
Study First Received: December 21, 2007
Last Updated: July 23, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bevacizumab
Erlotinib
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014