Examination of the Role of Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Polymorphisms in Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Severity

This study has been terminated.
(investigator closed study)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of South Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00584051
First received: December 21, 2007
Last updated: February 10, 2010
Last verified: February 2010
  Purpose

Asthma is an inflammatory condition of the airways in the lungs that results in obstruction of airflow in those with the condition. The disease continues to be a major worldwide health care problem and its prevalence continues to increase annually. In 2005, 20 million people were diagnosed with asthma. The disease causes significant morbidity and accounts for 5,000 deaths annually. Between 1980 and 1994 the prevalence of asthma increased 74% in the United States and, in children under age 5, the prevalence increased by 160%. The allergic etiology of airway inflammation associated with asthma is established. Bronchial washings of asthmatic subjects are most often characterized by eosinophils, mast cells, and cytokines that are associated with the Th2 (allergic) phenotype. Similarly, IgE plays a pivotal role in airway inflammation of asthmatic subjects when allergens that cross-link IgE bound to mast cells in the airways cause the release of histamine and other inflammatory mediators. The association of asthma and the IgE mediated allergic phenotype is well established and up to 70% of asthmatics also suffer from allergic disease.

Adequately treated asthma often has minimal impact of quality of life but diagnosis and proper treatment is often delayed, resulting in increased missed school days, emergency room visits, and otherwise preventable degradation in quality of life. It would therefore be highly useful to identify a biomarker that can be used to assist in the diagnosis of asthma or to identify subjects at higher risk of developing allergic disease or asthma in the future. Efforts at identifying a genetic marker for the early diagnosis of asthma have been unsuccessful, mainly due to the complexity of the pathogenesis of the disease.

Atrial natriuretic factor is a pro-hormone precursor for 4 natriuretic peptide hormones including atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). ANP's effects on the cardiovascular system are well characterized. Less well understood is the role these hormones play in immune regulation.

Recent studies have demonstrated a role for ANP in the regulation of immune function: ANP induces release of histamine from mast cells and macrophages, stimulates migration of neutrophils, enhances the cytotoxic activity of natural killer (NK) cells, and stimulates TNF-β production. Human dendritic cells express ANP receptors (GC-a) which polarize CD4+ cells towards a Th2 phenotype.

Since allergic rhinitis and asthma are associated with a Th2 phenotype, it is possible that elevated levels of ANP can be used to predict asthma severity or to predict future predilection to atopic disease.

There are a number of ANP gene polymorphisms that have been studied and found to be associated with renal disease, heart disease, hypertension and diabetes. Several studies have investigated the potential role of these polymorphisms in cardiovascular disease and have found association between polymorphisms of the ANP gene and left ventricular remodeling, hypertension, renal disease, diabetes, and increased risk of ischemic stroke. To our knowledge, no studies evaluating the role of ANP polymorphisms in allergic disease have been performed.

The goal of this research proposal is to evaluate whether ANP levels can be utilized to assist in diagnosis of asthma and in the prediction of asthma severity. Additionally, we will investigate the potential effect of polymorphisms in the ANP gene on asthma severity and thus serve as a useful genetic marker to predict future risk of atopy and asthma.


Condition
Asthma
Allergic Rhinitis

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Purpose of This Study is to Examine the Role of Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Polymorphisms in Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Severity

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of South Florida:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine if an overproduction of ANP is associated with atopy and asthma. [ Time Frame: 1 YEAR ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine whether polymorphisms in the ANP gene contribute to the pathogenesis of the allergic condition or asthma. [ Time Frame: 1YEAR ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

CHEEK SWAB FOR DNA SAMPLES, BLOOD SAMPLES FOR IGE AND ANP LEVELS


Estimated Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: October 2007
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

The study will include three groups; an asthma group, an allergic rhinitis group, and a healthy control group. Participants will be between 18-40 years of age and will meet inclusion/exclusion criteria outlined below. The study will continue for a total of 1 year. Study subjects will keep a diary of symptoms using a validated asthma subjective questionnaire (Juniper). Serum levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and serum IgE, will be obtained at the initial visit and then at regular intervals depending on the study group (table 1).

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Inclusion criteria for asthma group

  1. Subjects between 18-40 years of age
  2. History of asthma diagnosed by a physician
  3. Have a physician documented diagnosis of allergic disease based on detection of sensitivity by either skin prick testing or RAST,
  4. Have a decreased FEV1 with 12% improvement in FEV1 documented within 12 weeks

Inclusion criteria for allergic rhinitis group

  1. Subjects between ages of 18-40
  2. Have a physician documented history of allergic rhinitis based on prior skin prick testing or a positive RAST test.

Inclusion criteria for control group

  1. Subjects between 18-40 years of age
  2. FEV1 greater than 80% predicted
  3. No history of wheezing or allergies

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Use of systemic corticosteroids 4 weeks prior to initial visit
  2. Use of antihistamines 7 days prior to initial visit
  3. Respiratory infection 2 weeks prior to initial visit
  4. History of Xolair use or immunotherapy
  5. Current smoking, alcohol, or substance abuse
  6. Patients with primary immunodeficiency
  7. Patients currently on immunosuppressive therapy
  8. Unable to perform pulmonary function testing
  9. History of congestive heart failure
  10. Current cancer diagnosis or undergoing cancer therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00584051

Locations
United States, Florida
USF
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33613
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of South Florida
Investigators
Principal Investigator: RICHARD F LOCKEY, MD USF
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: USF/ RICHARD F LOCKEY, MD, USF
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00584051     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PURCELL
Study First Received: December 21, 2007
Last Updated: February 10, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of South Florida:
Control group

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Asthma
Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial
Rhinitis
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Nose Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014