Clofarabine and Gemtuzumab in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00577694
First received: December 19, 2007
Last updated: August 28, 2012
Last verified: August 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as clofarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as gemtuzumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Giving clofarabine together with gemtuzumab may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of clofarabine when given together with gemtuzumab in treating patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Drug: clofarabine
Drug: gemtuzumab ozogamicin
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Nonrandomized Dose-escalation Study of Clofarabine in Combination With Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin for Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) for Patients Less Than 60 Years-old

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose of clofarabine [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Rate of complete response and/or partial complete response with incomplete platelet recovery [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Duration of remission [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Frequency of patients proceeding to allogeneic or autologous blood or bone marrow stem cell transplantation [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 21
Study Start Date: November 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
single arm study
1
Drug: clofarabine
Intravenous, 20mg/m2, Days 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5; 2 cycles
Other Name: Clolar
Drug: gemtuzumab ozogamicin
Intravenous, 3mg/m2, Day 1, one cycle
Other Name: Mylotarg

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Identify the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicities of clofarabine when administered with gemtuzumab ozogamicin in patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or with AML that has relapsed within 1 year after cytarabine-containing therapy.

Secondary

  • Estimate the rates of complete response and/or partial complete response with incomplete platelet recovery in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Estimate the duration of remission in patients treated with this regimen and not proceeding to high-dose therapy and allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
  • Estimate the frequency with which patients enrolled on this study proceed to allogeneic or autologous blood or bone marrow stem cell transplantation.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of clofarabine.

Patients receive induction therapy comprising clofarabine IV on days 1-5 and gemtuzumab ozogamicin IV over 2 hours on days 1, 4, and 7 during course 1 only. Beginning in course 2, after blood counts recover, patients receive consolidation therapy comprising clofarabine IV on days 1-5. Consolidation treatment repeats upon blood count recovery for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study therapy, patients in remission after consolidation therapy are followed monthly for the first 6 months, and then every 3-4 months for 2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • Refractory disease, defined as persistent or progressive disease after ≥ 2 induction regimens, including ≥ 1 course of high-dose cytarabine (ARA-C)
    • Relapsed disease that has recurred within 1 year of an ARA-C-containing chemotherapy regimen
  • No CNS disease requiring radiotherapy

    • Patients with neurological symptoms must undergo a lumbar puncture and a CT scan or MRI of the brain to exclude brain metastasis

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT and AST ≤ 2.0 times the ULN
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.0 mg/dL OR glomerular filtration rate > 60 mL/min
  • INR ≤ 1.5 and aPTT within ULN

    • Patients receiving anticoagulation therapy (e.g., warfarin or heparin) are eligible provided anticoagulation therapy can be discontinued or changed to parenteral medications while the platelet count is less than 50,000/mm³
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No concurrent active second primary malignancy (excluding superficial, non-invasive skin cancers)
  • No active bleeding diathesis, not including closely monitored therapeutic anticoagulation
  • No cardiac disease, including any of the following:

    • New York Heart Association class II-IV congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina (i.e., anginal symptoms at rest)
    • New onset angina (i.e., began within the past 3 months)
    • Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No active clinically serious infection > grade 2
  • No cerebrovascular accident, including transient ischemic attacks, within the past 6 months
  • No pulmonary hemorrhage ≥ grade 2 within the past 4 weeks
  • No other hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ grade 3 within the past 4 weeks
  • No known HIV infection or chronic hepatitis B or C
  • No serious non-healing wound or ulcer
  • More than 4 weeks since prior significant traumatic injury
  • No prior history of sinusoidal obstructive syndrome (veno-occlusive disease)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery or open biopsy
  • More than 100 days since any prior hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • No concurrent treatment with any other investigational agent for AML

    • Intrathecal chemotherapy administration is allow for central nervous system leukemic infiltration
  • No prior allogeneic stem cell transplant within the past 100 days, with active graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) of any grade, or exposure to immynosuppression for GVHD or prophylaxis
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00577694

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7295
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Thomas C. Shea, MD UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00577694     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC 0708, P30CA016086, CDR0000580801, UNC-LCCC-07-1222
Study First Received: December 19, 2007
Last Updated: August 28, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Clofarabine
Gemtuzumab
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014