Pilot Study of 18F Fluoropaclitaxel (FPAC)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia Commonwealth University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00572598
First received: December 11, 2007
Last updated: January 11, 2012
Last verified: January 2012
  Purpose

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a cause of treatment failure in many cancer patients. MDR refers to a phenotype whereby a tumor is resistant to a large number of natural chemotherapeutic drugs. Having prior knowledge of the presence of such resistance would decrease morbidity from unsuccessful therapy and allow for the selection of individuals who may benefit from co-administration of MDR inhibiting drugs. The Tc-99m labeled single photon emitting radiotracers sestamibi and tetrofosmin have shown some predictive value. However, positron-emitting (PET) radiotracers, which allow for dynamic, quantitative imaging, hold the promise of more accurate and specific identification of MDR tumors.

Objective:

To obtain human safety data, to demonstrate imaging feasibility with FPAC, to obtain human biodistribution and to obtain preliminary evidence of breast tumor uptake concordance with response to therapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: 4- [F-18] fluoropaclitaxel
Phase 0

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: Pilot Study of 18F Fluoropaclitaxel (FPAC) in Breast Cancer Patients and Normal Volunteers: Dosimetry and Imaging Feasibility

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Imaging feasibility and dosimetry [ Time Frame: <6months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 6
Study Start Date: May 2005
Study Completion Date: March 2008
Primary Completion Date: March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: 4- [F-18] fluoropaclitaxel
    4- [F-18] fluoropaclitaxel, <84 micrograms, <10 mCi, IV followed by PET/CT imaging
    Other Name: FPAC
Detailed Description:

18F flouropaclitaxel (FPAC) distribution in malignant tumors is expected to be similar to that of paclitaxel. It is proposed that by monitoring the influx and efflux of FPAC in vivo using PET imaging, we will be able to determine if a tumor retains the drug (is drug sensitive) or pumps it out (is drug resistant). The efflux rate of FPAC in the tumor should be proportional the amount of Pgp present and therefore should be a predictor of treatment failure. If this method is successful at identifying MDR, patients can be spared a course of ineffective chemotherapy and can be started on alternative drugs or, if available, an effective MDR modulator can be administered prior to treatment.

In order to validate the biodistribution in non-human primate, 3 normal volunteers will be recruited to participate in a dosimetry PET imaging protocol.

Often, patients with breast cancer are treated with chemotherapy prior to definitive surgical removal of the primary tumor. Three patients with breast cancer who are candidates for this neoadjuvant chemotherapy will also be recruited to participate in this study, in order to demonstrate the feasibility of tumor imaging. As these patients will be receiving chemotherapy (likely paclitaxel), a preliminary correlation with FPAC uptake and tumor response can also be attempted in this pilot study.

Primary Objective

--To obtain human dosimetry and monitor for potential physiologic effects following 4-[F-18] fluoropaclitaxel (FPAC) administration

Secondary Objectives

  • a.To characterize tracer uptake in tumors and normal tissues and develop robust methods for analysis of FPAC kinetics in breast tumors
  • b.To optimize the imaging protocol for FPAC, and, if feasible, reduce to 1 or 2 static scans
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Normal Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must be 18 years or older for inclusion in this study. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of FPAC in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study but will be eligible for future pediatric single-agent trials, if applicable.

    • All subjects must sign a written informed consent document and a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization in accordance with institutional guidelines.
    • If female, the subject must be postmenopausal for a minimum of one year, or surgically sterile, or be within 14 days of onset of a menstrual period or have a negative beta human chorionic gonadotropin (ßHCG) blood test.
    • Subjects must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
    • Leukocytes >3,000/μL
    • absolute neutrophil count >1,500/μL
    • platelets >100,000/μL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
    • aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <= 2.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal
    • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR, in subjects with creatinine levels above institutional normal, creatinine clearance >60 mL/min/1.73 m2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject with a known bleeding disorder

    • Subjects who have received chemotherapy within 1 year of entry into study
    • Subjects with a history of liver or kidney disease
    • Subjects who are receiving any other investigational agents
    • Subjects having severe claustrophobia or other condition that would make them unable to lie still for the duration of the study
    • Subjects with immunodeficiencies that predispose a subject to specific or non-specific mediator release
    • Subjects with uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
    • Subjects who are pregnant or lactating or who suspect they might be pregnant. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with FPAC, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother receives FPAC.

Breast Cancer Patients

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must have a history of histologically or cytologically confirmed breast cancer with estimated lesion size of >1cm.

    • Subjects must be 18 years or older for inclusion in this study. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of FPAC in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study but will be eligible for future pediatric single-agent trials, if applicable.
    • All subjects must sign a written informed consent document and a HIPAA authorization in accordance with institutional guidelines.
    • If female, the subject must be postmenopausal for a minimum of one year, be surgically sterile, be within 14 days of onset of a menstrual period, or have a negative ßHCG blood test.
    • Subjects must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
    • Leukocytes >3,000/μL
    • absolute neutrophil count >1,500/μL
    • platelets >100,000/μL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
    • aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <= 2.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal
    • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR, in subjects with creatinine levels above institutional normal, creatinine clearance >60 mL/min/1.73 m2

Exclusion Criteria:

•as above

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00572598

Locations
United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
Virginia Commonwealth University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Harry D. Bear, MD, PhD Virginia Commonwealth University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Virginia Commonwealth University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00572598     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HM03748
Study First Received: December 11, 2007
Last Updated: January 11, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:
PET
multidrug resistance
fluoropaclitaxel
paclitaxel
breast cancer
dosimetry
imaging feasibility

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014