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A Study Comparing Subcutaneous Rapid Acting Insulin and One Formulation of Inhaled Insulin in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mannkind Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00570687
First received: December 7, 2007
Last updated: October 9, 2014
Last verified: October 2014
  Purpose

The original protocol was a randomized, open-label, 3-way cross-over study with 9 scheduled visits. The visits comprised an initial screening visit, 3 treatment visits for the meal challenge followed by a 2-6-week blood-loss recovery period, an interim safety visit, 3 sequential visits for the glucose clamp, and a final close-out visit.

Protocol Amendment 1 was a randomized, open-label, 2-way cross-over study with 7 visits for each completed subject. The visits comprise an initial screening visit, 2 treatment visits for the meal challenge followed by a 2-6-week blood-loss recovery period, an interim safety visit, 2 sequential visits for the glucose clamp, and a final close-out visit.

For both the original protocol and Protocol Amendment 1, subjects were hospitalized in the clinical unit for all procedures.


Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Drug: Technosphere Insulin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Mannkind Corporation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to Minimum Endogenous Glucose Production (EGP) - Meal Challenge [ Time Frame: 0-480 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to minimum EGP post dose

  • Minimum EGP - Meal Challenge [ Time Frame: 0-480 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Minimum calculated EGP per subject as change from baseline

  • EGP AOC0-480 - Meal Challenge [ Time Frame: 0-480 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    EGP area over the curve from 0 to 480 minutes postdose


Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: September 2007
Study Completion Date: January 2009
Primary Completion Date: January 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Technosphere Insulin
Drug: Technosphere Insulin
Inhalation 15U/30U

Detailed Description:

The original protocol was a randomized, open-label, 3-way cross-over study with 9 scheduled visits. The visits comprised an initial screening visit, 3 treatment visits for the meal challenge followed by a 2-6-week blood-loss recovery period, an interim safety visit, 3 sequential visits for the glucose clamp, and a final close-out visit.

After review of the meal challenge data from the Original Protocol design, it became apparent that the TI Inhalation Powder, insulin lispro, and Exubera doses were not well matched, and resulted in significantly higher insulin exposure following insulin lispro than the two inhaled treatments. All meal challenge visits were completed for the 18 subjects enrolled. However, the glucose clamp visits were discontinued since it was discovered that a direct comparison between the treatments was not possible.

The protocol was amended (Amendment 1) to ensure that the insulin exposures between TI Inhalation Powder and insulin lispro were more suited (increased the TI Inhalation Powder doses and decreased the insulin lispro dose). An Exubera arm was not included in Amendment 1 due to the market removal of this product.

Protocol Amendment 1 was a randomized, open-label, 2-way cross-over study with 7 visits for each completed subject. The visits comprise an initial screening visit, 2 treatment visits for the meal challenge followed by a 2-6-week blood-loss recovery period, an interim safety visit, 2 sequential visits for the glucose clamp, and a final close-out visit.

For both the original protocol and Protocol Amendment 1, subjects were hospitalized in the clinical unit for all procedures.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Receiving diabetes treatment with insulin for a minimum of 3 months
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) of ≤ 34 kg/m2 and ≥ 25 kg/m2
  • HbA1c ≤ 8.5% based upon results from a central laboratory
  • Non-smoking Males and females ≥ 18 and ≤ 70 years of age
  • A clinical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus for ≥ 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Total daily insulin requirement of ≥ 1.2 U/kg body weight
  • Use of Symlin® (pramlintide acetate) and/or Byetta® (exenatide) within the preceding 8 weeks
  • Two or more severe hypoglycemic episodes within 6 months of screening
  • Any hospitalization or emergency room visit due to poor diabetic control within 6 months of Screening
  • Severe complications of diabetes
  • Previous exposure to any inhaled insulin product
  • Currently using an insulin delivery pump
  • Allergy or known hypersensitivity to insulin or to any of the drugs to be used in the trial
  • Any clinically important pulmonary disease, confirmed by documented history, pulmonary function testing, or radiologic findings
  • Chronic use of systemic steroids
  • Inability to perform PFT maneuvers to meet the recommended American Thoracic Society (ATS) standards of acceptability and repeatability
  • Significant improvement in spirometry following bronchodilation
  • Active respiratory infection
  • Seizure disorder
  • Significant cardiovascular dysfunction and/or history within 3 months of Screening
  • Uncontrolled hypertension with a systolic blood pressure of >160 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 95 mm Hg at screening, despite pharmacologic treatment
  • Clinical nephrotic syndrome or renal dysfunction or disease
  • Cancer (other than an excised cutaneous basal cell carcinoma) within the past 5 years or any history of lung neoplasms
  • History of active viral and/or cirrhotic hepatic disease and/or abnormal liver enzymes
  • Active infection eg, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis, or history of severe infection within 30 days of Screening
  • Anemia
  • A previous diagnosis of systemic autoimmune or collagen vascular disease requiring prior or current treatment with systemic corticosteroids, cytotoxic drugs or penicillamine
  • Any concurrent illness, other than diabetes mellitus not controlled by a stable therapeutic regime
  • Current or previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy that may result in pulmonary toxicity
  • Clinically significant abnormalities on screening laboratory evaluation
  • Female subjects who are pregnant, lactating or planning to become pregnant during the clinical trial period
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential (defined as pre-menopausal and not surgically sterilized or post-menopausal for less than 2 years) not practicing adequate birth control.
  • Current drug or alcohol abuse, or a history of drug or alcohol abuse, that, in the opinion of the PI, would not make the subject a suitable candidate for participation in the clinical trial
  • Exposure to any investigational medications or devices within the previous 30 days prior to trial entry or participation in another clinical trial during this trial
  • Unable and/or unlikely to comprehend and/or follow the trial protocol
  • Concurrent medical or major psychiatric condition which, in the opinion of the PI, makes the subject unsuitable for the clinical trial, or could limit the validity of the informed consent and/or impair the subject's ability to participate in the trial
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00570687

Locations
Germany
Profil Institute for Metabolic Research
Neuss, GER, Germany
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mannkind Corporation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Klaus Rave, MD Profil Institute for Metabolic Research
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Mannkind Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00570687     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MKC-TI-118
Study First Received: December 7, 2007
Results First Received: July 22, 2014
Last Updated: October 9, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices

Keywords provided by Mannkind Corporation:
Inhaled Insulin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Insulin
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Hypoglycemic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014