Influence of a New Polycationic Disinfectant on Clostridium Difficile Incidence and Environmental Colonisation
The aim of this study is to 1) test the efficacy of PHMG-based disinfectant against C. difficile spores, 2) test whether it reduces the incidence of C. difficile associated disease (CDAD) and 3) evaluate cost.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Influence of a New Polycationic Disinfectant on Clostridium Difficile Incidence and Environmental Colonisation|
- Clinical: C. difficile infections on study wards. Microbiologic: C difficile colonization. [ Time Frame: 2/07-5/08 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Economical: to evaluate cost of C difficile infection [ Time Frame: 2/07-5/08 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
PHMG will be introduced in three wards for hand hygiene and environmental disinfection in CDAD patients' rooms. The rooms for showers and toilets will be coated with biocide coating (PHMG) as well as bed frames in investigational wards.
Other: Polyhexamethyleneguanidine (PHMG)
6 months in 3 experimental wards
Other Name: Desisoft
No Intervention: B
Three wards will be control wards and continue using alcohol based hand disinfectants and routine environmental cleaning and disinfection with quats/chloramines.
Environmental disinfection has been proved to be efficient when controlling epidemics caused by C. difficile. In recent years its epidemiology has changed leading to increased morbidity and mortality in many countries. C. difficile infections are often difficult to treat and reinfections frequently occur. The major concern is a new strain of C. difficile, O27, which produce many times more spores than other types and spreads easily in institutions. Patients who have a C. difficile infection should be kept in contact isolation in hospitals and other institutions.
C. difficile is a spore forming bacteria which is resistant to some normally used disinfectants like alcohol and quats. Spores may remain viable for months in environment. Disinfectants currently in use, like chloramines and glutaralde-hyde, are risk both for workers and to environment because of their corrosive and irritating nature.
Polyhexamethyleneguanidine(PHMG) is a new disinfectant which is effective against microbes including bacteria and bacterial spores, viruses and fungi, safe to people handling it and friendly to environment and surfaces. It has been tested in the laboratory of Helsinki University according to many EN-standards to disinfectants. It can be used as a hand disinfectant, instrument disinfectant and surface disinfectant.
PHMG was introduced in three wards for hand hygiene and environmental disinfection in CDAD patients' rooms. The rooms for showers and toilets were coated with biocide coating (PHMG) as well as bed frames in investigational wards. Three wards were control wards and continued using alcohol based hand disinfectants and routine environmental cleaning and disinfection with quats/chloramines. After 6 month's intervention period, the incidence of CDAD cases were compared to that during the preceeding 10 months. Surveillance for environmental and HCWs´ hand contamination by C. difficile were performed by taking microbiological samples both from environmental sites and hands twice before intervention and then twice in month within intervention period.
|Principal Investigator:||Mari Kanerva, MD,PhD||Helsinki University Central Hospital, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases|