Change of Inspiratory Peak Flow in COPD
Chronic obstructive bronchitis and emphysema (COPD) are pathophysiologically characterized by inflammatory and structural changes in the lung. These changes lead to a reduction in elastic recoil as well as reduction in lung parenchyma. As a consequence collapse of the small airway occurs during expiration leading to expiratory flow limitation. In severe cases this flow limitation occurs even during resting condition. This expiratory collapse is suspected to mask changes in bronchial smooth muscle tone, especially if these changes in bronchial smooth muscle tone are assessed using expiratory manoeuvres. This might leave the impression of non-reversible airway obstruction und ineffectiveness of treatment with bronchodilators. Several studies suggest that in patients with COPD symptomatic changes following application of a bronchodilating compound do not correlate with changes in forced expiratory volumes. In contrast inspiratory lung function parameters (especially forced inspiratory volume in one second (FIV1)) is much more associated with symptomatic changes in patients with COPD. Comparable effects were also detected regarding peak inspiratory flow (PIF) values.Changes in inspiratory parameters following administration of a bronchodilator in patients with COPD and asthma are reproducible. PIF can easily be measured by inspiratory peak flow meters. So far no data exists on the usability of these devices following bronchodilation in patients with COPD. Formoterol is a rapid acting bronchodilator, which has been proven save in asthma and COPD
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Change of Inspiratory Peak Flow After Bronchial Dilatation on Patients With Moderate to Severe COPD|
- Change in inspiratory peak flow following administration of a bronchodilator assessed by inspiratory peak flow device in patients with moderate to sever COPD [ Time Frame: October 2007 ]
- Correlation of changes in FEV1, FIV1 and PIF following bronchodilation in spirometry [ Time Frame: October 2007 ]
- Correlation of change in PIF and symptomatic improvement in patients with COPD following bronchodilatation [ Time Frame: October 2007 ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2007|
Patients with COPD receiving once 24 µg formoterol
One inhalation of 24µg Formoterol
N=40 patients with moderate to severe COPD (30 < FEV1 < 70 % pred.), no further significant lung disease; current smokers or ex-smokers; no exacerbation in the last 2 month.
Baseline visit Physical examination Dsypnea score (Borg-Scale, TDI) Lung function (Bodyplethysmography, CO-diffusion capacity)
Before each study day the following medication will be withheld:
Short-acting bronchodilators > 6 hours Long-acting b2-adrenoceptor agonist > 24 hours Tiotropium > 24 hours
Study day 1 Bodyplethysmography including FEV1, PEF, FIV1 and PIF and assessment of PIF using an inspiratory Peak Flow Meter in randomized order.
Dysnpea Scores 30 minute break Assessment of change in dyspnea (visual analogue scale) Bodyplethysmography including FEV1, PEF, FIV1 and PIF. Assessment of PIF using an inspiratory Peak Flow Meter in randomized order Administration of 12 µg formoterol 30 minute break Assessment of change in dyspnea (visual analogue scale) Bodyplethysmography including FEV1, PEF, FIV1 and PIF. Assessment of PIF using an inspiratory Peak Flow Meter in randomized order.
Study day 2 Three to 14 days following study day 1. Schedule like day 1 with change in the order of lung function testing depending on randomization.
|Principal Investigator:||Roland Buhl, MD||Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz|