Chemotherapy Followed by Surgery, Chemotherapy, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Head And Neck Cancer
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving combination chemotherapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs such as gemcitabine and cisplatin may make tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy. Giving combination chemotherapy before surgery or radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving chemotherapy followed by surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy works in treating patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer.
Head and Neck Cancer
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Genetic: gene expression analysis
Genetic: protein expression analysis
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Procedure: conventional surgery
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Radiation: radiation therapy
|Study Design:||Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Multimodality Management of Head and Neck Cancer: A Phase II Trial of Induction Chemotherapy, Organ Preservation Surgery, and Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy|
- Complete and overall response rate [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Feasibility [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Prospective impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiotherapy, and organ preservation surgery on overall survival, time to progression, and pattern of disease recurrence [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Biochemical correlates [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Treatment-associated morbidity [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Comparison of diagnostic salivary cytology with histopathology at initial diagnosis and at follow-up [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Tolerability [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2000|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- To assess the complete and overall response rate of neoadjuvant docetaxel, cisplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium in previously untreated patients with local regionally advanced head and neck cancer.
- To evaluate the feasibility of a multimodality treatment approach with the goal of reducing long-term sequelae.
- To evaluate prospectively, the impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiotherapy, and organ preservation surgery on overall survival, time to progression, and pattern of disease recurrence in these patients.
- To evaluate prospectively, biochemical correlates of response and prognosis, including markers such as thymidylate synthetase, ribonucleotide reductase, and ERCC1 (measured by quantitative PCR), p53 (evaluated by IHC), and HPV status and apoptosis (TUNEL assay).
- To evaluate treatment-associated morbidity with the use of a quality of life assessment tool.
- To compare the results of diagnostic salivary cytology with those of histopathology at initial diagnosis as well as follow-up in head and neck cancer patients.
- To evaluate the tolerability of combined chemoradiotherapy using gemcitabine and cisplatin after definitive surgery for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
OUTLINE: Patients receive neoadjuvant induction chemotherapy comprising docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1 and cisplatin IV, leucovorin IV, and fluorouracil IV over 24 hours on days 1-4. Induction chemotherapy repeats every 28 days for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients with partial response at the primary site may undergo radical or functional resection of the primary tumor within 3 weeks of completion of neoadjuvant therapy.
Beginning within 4 weeks of completion of neoadjuvant therapy, patients with persistent disease or complete response after chemotherapy at the primary or neck then undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 7 weeks and receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes and cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on day 1 of each week of radiotherapy in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients complete the FACT-H&N quality of life questionnaire at baseline and at completion of neoadjuvant therapy.
Tissue biopsies are collected at baseline, periodically during therapy, at surgery, and after radiotherapy. Tissue is examined for gene and protein expression.
|Study Chair:||Stephen I. Shibata, MD||Beckman Research Institute|