Evaluating Parental Influences on Obesity Among Mexican American Children

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00542672
First received: October 10, 2007
Last updated: May 20, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
  Purpose

Latino children in the United States have an increased risk of becoming overweight or obese. Previous studies have suggested that parental behaviors are an important influence on children's weight, but more research is needed on the types of behaviors that may contribute to obesity specifically among Latino children. The purpose of this study is to examine the connection between family eating habits and behaviors and obesity among Mexican-American children.


Condition
Obesity

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Parental Influences on Obesity Among Mexican American Children

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Parental and extended family members' dietary-related behaviors and the effect they have on children's dietary intake and weight gain [ Time Frame: Measured during study visits at participants' homes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 831
Study Start Date: August 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2012
Primary Completion Date: May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

The number of children in the United States who are overweight or obese has increased steadily over the past several decades. Latino children are at particular risk of becoming overweight or obese. Children who are overweight or obese have an increased risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, and diabetes. Parental behaviors are thought to be important influences on children's obesity, but previous studies have only examined a narrow range of parental behaviors, and few studies have specifically focused on Latino children. There is an urgent need for further research that examines the ways in which parental eating habits and behaviors affect the rising obesity rates among Latino children. This study will focus on Mexican Americans, which is the largest Latino group in the United States. The purpose of this study is to examine whether parental and extended family members' dietary-related behaviors predict children's dietary intake and weight gain. The effects of socioeconomic status and cultural factors on parental behaviors will also be examined.

This study will enroll Mexican-American children and their parents. All study visits will occur at the participant's home. At a baseline visit, study staff will conduct a 1-hour interview with children and their parents to collect information on their thoughts about food, family eating habits, and how family members talk about food; children will also be asked about their physical development and physical activity level. Both parents and children will have their height, weight, waist, and hip circumference measured. Children will then wear an activity monitor for 3 days in the week following the baseline visit to measure physical activity levels. Two additional study visits will occur over the following 3 weeks. At the second visit, study staff will conduct 20-minute interviews with parents and children about their eating habits. At the third visit, study staff will videotape the child's evening meal, and additional interviews will occur. Follow-up visits will occur at Years 1 and 2. At both follow-up visits, repeat baseline interviews will occur, and children will wear the activity monitor for 3 days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 10 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Mexican American children ages 8-10 whose parent is a member of Kaiser Permanente, an HMO

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Children:

  • Mexican American
  • Age 8 to 10
  • Only one child from each family will be eligible to participate; one child will be randomly selected if multiple children are eligible

Inclusion Criteria for Parents:

  • Mexican American
  • Any marital status
  • Speaks Spanish or English
  • Family will be eligible to participate even if only mother agrees to participate

Exclusion Criteria for Children:

  • Diagnosed with a condition or disease that affects weight (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, type 1 diabetes, underlying thyroid disease)
  • Currently participating in another obesity clinical trial
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00542672

Locations
United States, California
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jeanne M. Tschann, PhD University of California, San Francisco
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00542672     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1397, R01HL084404-01A2, R01 HL084404-01A2
Study First Received: October 10, 2007
Last Updated: May 20, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:
Mexican American
Dietary Intake
Child-Feeding Practices
Weight
Cultural Values

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014