Effect of Low Tidal Volume Ventilation in Improving Oxygenation and Thus Reducing Acute Lung Injury in the Cardiac Surgical Patient

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00538161
First received: September 30, 2007
Last updated: March 22, 2010
Last verified: March 2010
  Purpose

We propose that as low tidal volume ventilation has proven to be beneficial in patients with established ARDS it may have a role in preventing the onset of acute lung injury in the cardiac surgical population. Institution of low tidal volume ventilation in the operating room may reduce the release of the cytokines and interleukins that have been known to contribute to the development of acute lung injury. In this study, we propose that the institution of low tidal volume ventilation in the operating room will reduce the incidence of acute lung injury. Measurement of PaO2 to FiO2 ratio twenty four and forty eight hours post operatively will help determine if there is a difference in oxygenation between the two groups. Chest X-ray findings, time to extubation and length of ICU stay will also determine if there is a role for low tidal volume ventilation in the operating room. We will also attempt to establish a causative mechanism by measuring plasma levels of cytokines known to be associated with the development of ARDS.


Condition Intervention
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Other: Ventilation strategy

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of Low Tidal Volume Ventilation in Improving Oxygenation and Thus Reducing Acute Lung Injury in the Cardiac Surgical Patient

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to extubation [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Oxygenation at 4 hours, 8 hours, 12 hours and 24 hours post surgery. [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: October 2007
Study Completion Date: January 2010
Primary Completion Date: October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients coming in for cardiac surgical procedures will be recruited into the study.
  • Both men and women will be recruited into the study.
  • All patients over the age of 18 will be recruited into the study.
  • Discussion between the surgeon and the primary investigator will happen prior to approaching the patient to obtain informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with preexisting respiratory failure and active infection will be excluded from the study.
  • Patients undergoing one lung ventilation during surgery will be excluded from the study.
  • Patients undergoing emergency cardiac surgery will be excluded from the study.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00538161

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Investigators
Study Director: Daniel Talmor, MD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Daniel Talmor MD, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00538161     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2007P000113
Study First Received: September 30, 2007
Last Updated: March 22, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center:
Acute lung injury
cardiac surgery
The incidence of ARDS after elective cardiac surgery is 1-3%
The impairment of lung function and oxygenation may occur in 20-80% of patients undergoing surgery.
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of low tidal volume ventilation.
Reducing interleukin and cytokine production may prevent or reduce the incidence of acute lung injury.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acute Lung Injury
Lung Injury
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Infant, Premature, Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Thoracic Injuries
Wounds and Injuries

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014