Speckle Tracking Imaging in Patients With Low Ejection Fraction Aortic Stenosis (SPArKLE-AS)

This study has been terminated.
(unable to find subjects meeting inclusion criteria)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
The Cleveland Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00535899
First received: September 25, 2007
Last updated: May 22, 2008
Last verified: May 2008
  Purpose

In patients with aortic stenosis and low ejection fraction, how can we predict who will recover their ejection fraction after aortic valve replacement? We plan to observe 50 patients with Low EF aortic stenosis and perform serial echocardiograms pre and post-aortic valve replacement and analyze regional wall motion contractility with a new software application called speckle tracking imaging.


Condition
Aortic Stenosis

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Speckle Tracking Imaging in Patients With Low Ejection Fraction Aortic Stenosis (SPArKLE-AS)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by The Cleveland Clinic:

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: September 2007
Detailed Description:

In patients with severe aortic stenosis and LV dysfunction, 76% of patients have an improvement of ventricular function and NYHA class, after aortic valve replacement. The prognostic indicators of which patients will recover EF post-operatively, has not been fully established, but has been linked to a history of prior MI and pre-operative aortic valve area. Furthermore it is hypothesized that those ventricles that do not recover are fibrosed, either from prior MI or long standing LVH (hypertrophy).

Currently systolic and diastolic function will be measured pre-operatively with standard 2D echo and Doppler. 2D Strain and Strain rate imaging with speckle tracking is a novel method of assessing regional as well as global "contractility". This method overcomes many limitations inherent in assessing myocardial functioning with current methodology, mainly it is reproducible, objective, and is independent of myocardial translation, tethering and furthermore as speckle tracking is derived from B mode images is independent of Doppler angle.The applicability of this technology to patients with aortic valve stenosis and systolic dysfunction and its clinical significance has not been evaluated. We hypothesize that patients with reduced peak systolic strain rate and diastolic strain rates at baseline adjusted for LVEF will have poorer recovery of LVEF than those with relatively preserved strain or strain rate. As this is a pilot study, we plan to prospectively analyze 50 consecutive patients who have severe aortic stenosis and left ventricular systolic dysfunction, EF under 40% with Speckle imaging derived strain rate imaging pre and post-operatively for aortic valve replacement. This would be done as part of routine pre-operative and post-operative transthoracic echocardiography using standard views, with the exception that all studies would need to be done on the GE Vivid 7 digital ultrasound system. Speckle derived imaging data is derived from standard B mode (Grey scale images), with a frame rate of 50 f/s. 3 D images will also be obtained. Post-operative TTE's will be performed before discharge and 4-12 months+/- 30 days after discharge. Baseline characteristics will be taken from the standard pre-operative baseline study including basic 2 D valve area, EF, wall thickness and geometry, and Doppler flow data. Exclusion criteria: Patients with prior cardiac surgery including CABG or other valve replacement, more than mild mitral valve or aortic regurgitation and chronic kidney disease (Cr 1.5), emergent aortic valve replacement, or endocarditis, or CAD on LHC > 50%. Informed consent will be obtain on all patients, and they will only be included if they consent. No surgery will be delayed for purpose of the study if the proper hardware/GE VIVID system is not available.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Severe aortic stenosis with ejection fraction less than 40% that is schedule to undergo aortic valve replacement

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Creatinine > 2
  • More than moderate mitral, tricuspid, or aortic regurgitation.
  • Endocarditis
  • Emergent surgery
  • Prior sternotimy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00535899

Locations
United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Cleveland Clinic
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ryan P Daly, MD CCF
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00535899     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-578
Study First Received: September 25, 2007
Last Updated: May 22, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by The Cleveland Clinic:
Aortic stenosis
Speckle tracking imaging
Low ejection fraction
Aortic valve replacement
Strain

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Constriction, Pathologic
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Ventricular Outflow Obstruction
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014