Evaluating PN 400 (VIMOVO) in Reducing Gastric Ulcers Compared to Non-steroidal Antiinflammatory Drug (NSAID) Naproxen

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
POZEN
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00527787
First received: September 10, 2007
Last updated: November 29, 2010
Last verified: November 2010
  Purpose

This study uses a randomized, double-blind, controlled design to demonstrate that PN400 (esomeprazole and naproxen) is more effective in reducing the occurrence of gastroduodenal ulcers, dyspepsia, and heartburn in subjects at risk for developing NSAID-associated gastric ulcers compared to naproxen alone.


Condition Intervention Phase
Gastric Ulcer
Drug: PN400 (VIMOVO)
Drug: Naproxen
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: 6-Month, Phase 3, Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel-group, Controlled, Multi-center Study Evaluate Gastric Ulcer Incidence Following Administration of PN400 or Naproxen in Subjects Who Are at Risk for Developing NSAID-associated Ulcers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by POZEN:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Gastric Ulcer Confirmed by Endoscopy [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The primary efficacy endpoint was the number of subjects with gastric ulcers at any time throughout 6 months of treatment. An ulcer was defined as a mucosal break of at least 3 mm in diameter (measured by close application of open endoscopic biopsy forceps) with unequivocal crater depth. A subject is considered to have completed the study if all scheduled assessments up through the 6 month visit have been performed or if the endpoint of gastric ulcer confirmed by endoscopy has been reached.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Number of Participants With Pre-Specified NSAID-Associated Upper GI Adverse Events or Duodenal Ulcers [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The Number of Participants with Pre-Specified non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)-Associated Upper Gastrointestinal (UGI) Adverse Events or Duodenal Ulcers after 6 months of treatment. Pre-specified UGI adverse events typically associated with NSAID use include dyspepsia, abdominal pain, gastritis, erosive esophagitis, duodenitis, abdominal discomfort

  • The Number of Participants Discontinuing From the Study Due to NSAID-Associated Upper GI Adverse Events or to Duodenal Ulcer [ Time Frame: 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The Number of Participants Discontinuing from the Study Due to non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)-Associated Upper GI Adverse Events or to Duodenal Ulcer during the treatment period

  • The Number of Participants Developing Duodenal Ulcers Throughout 6 Months of Treatment [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The Number of Participants Developing Duodenal Ulcers at any time during the 6 Months of the treatment period

  • Heartburn Symptom Resolution, ie no Heartburn Symptoms During the Last 7 Days Prior to the Visit [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Subjects were asked whether heartburn symptoms within the 7 days prior to the visit were:

    • none: no symptoms
    • mild: awareness of symptom, but easily tolerated
    • moderate: discomforting symptom sufficient to cause interference with normal activities (including sleep)
    • severe: incapacitating symptom, with inability to perform normal activities (including sleep) Heartburn was defined as a burning feeling rising from the stomach or lower part of the chest towards the neck.

  • Improvement From Baseline in Upper Abdominal Pain and Discomfort Scores at 6 Months, Based on the Overall Treatment Evaluation for Dyspepsia Questionnaire [ Time Frame: change from baseline at 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Improvement from baseline in Upper Abdominal Pain and Discomfort scores at 6 months, based on the overall Treatment Evaluation for Dyspepsia Questionnaire. Subjects were asked: "since treatment started, has there been any change in your upper abdominal pain and/or discomfort?" Answers would be better/about the same/worse. Participants with the response "better" (instead of "about the same" or "worse"), are tabulated by treatment group.

  • Mean Change From Baseline on Pain Intensity of the Severity of Dyspepsia Assessment (SODA) Subscales [ Time Frame: baseline to 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Mean Change from Baseline on Pain Intensity of the Severity of Dyspepsia Assessment (SODA) Subscales. There are 6 questions about abdominal pain during the past 7 days: q 1-5 on average: 1. rate with a number between 0 (no pain) and 100 (pain as bad as it could be), 2. rate with a number between 0 (no discomfort) and 10 (discomfort as bad as it can be), 3. on a scale of 5 (from none to excriciating), 4. on 100 mm VAS, 5. on a scale of 4 and 6. worst abdominal pain scale 0 (no discomfort) and 10 (discomfort as bad as it can be). Total composite possible range for "pain intensity" is: 2-47

  • Mean Change From Baseline on Non-Pain Symptoms of the Severity of Dyspepsia Assessment (SODA) Subscales [ Time Frame: baseline to 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Change from Baseline of Non-Pain Symptoms on the SODA Assessment. There are 7 categories about the non-pain symptoms: burping/beching, heartburn, bloating, passing gas, sour taste, nausea and bad breath. For each of these categories, subjects were to rate during the past seven days, on average, the severity on a 5 point scale ranging from no problem to very severe problem. The scores are combined into a single composite score. The total possible range of the non-pain symptoms subscale is: 7-35.

  • Mean Change From Baseline on Satisfaction of the Severity of Dyspepsia Assessment (SODA) Subscales [ Time Frame: baseline to 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Mean Change in Satisfaction on SODA Assessment. Questions/statements to rate about satisfaction/dissatisfaction with their present level of abdominal discomfort. Question 1: 4-point scale range 0 (extremely unhappy) to 4 (extremely happy), statement 2 (I feel satisfied with my health with regard to abdominal discomfort) & statement 3 (I am pleased because my abdominal discomfort seems under control) on a 5 point scale (definitely true to definitely false) & question 4 rated how pleased subjects were with abdominal discomfort on a 10 point scale. Total satisfaction composite range: 2-23


Enrollment: 434
Study Start Date: September 2007
Study Completion Date: October 2008
Primary Completion Date: October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PN400
Naproxen 500 mg/Immediate-Release Esomeprazole 20 mg dosed twice daily
Drug: PN400 (VIMOVO)
PN400 tablets (Naproxen 500 mg and Esomeprazole 20 mg) twice daily (bid) taken orally.
Other Name: Vimovo
Active Comparator: Naproxen
Naproxen 500 mg dosed twice daily
Drug: Naproxen
Naproxen (500 mg) dosed twice daily (bid) orally
Other Name: Naprosyn

Detailed Description:

Objectives:

Primary: To demonstrate that PN400 is effective in reducing the risk of gastric ulcers in subjects at risk for developing NSAID-associated gastric ulcers.

Secondary:

  • To determine if PN400 is effective in reducing the risk of duodenal ulcers in subjects at risk for developing NSAID-associated ulcers
  • To compare upper gastrointestinal symptoms in subjects treated with PN400 versus naproxen as measured by scores on the Severity of Dyspepsia Assessment (SODA) instrument and the Overall Treatment Evaluation - Dyspepsia (OTE-DP)
  • To compare heartburn symptoms in subjects treated with PN400 versus naproxen
  • To evaluate the safety and tolerability of PN400 and naproxen
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

A subject was eligible for inclusion in this study if all of the following criteria applied:

  1. Male or non-pregnant, non-breastfeeding female subjects with a history of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis or other medical conditions expected to require daily NSAID therapy for at least 6 months, who were

    • 18-49 years of age and had a history of a documented, uncomplicated gastric or duodenal ulcer (a mucosal break of at least 3 mm in diameter with depth, without any concurrent bleeding, clot or perforation) within the past 5 years OR, who were
    • 50 years of age and older (These subjects did not require a history of a documented, uncomplicated gastric or duodenal ulcer within the past 5 years.)
  2. Female subjects were eligible for participation in the study if they were of

    • non-childbearing potential (i.e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant);
    • childbearing potential, had a negative pregnancy test at Screening, and at least 1 of the following applied or was agreed to by the subject:
    • Female sterilization or sterilization of male partner
    • Hormonal contraception by oral route, implant, injectable, vaginal ring
    • Any intrauterine device with published data showing that the lowest expected failure rate is < 1% per year
    • Double barrier method (2 physical barriers or 1 physical barrier plus spermicide)
    • Any other method with published data showing that the lowest expected failure rate is < 1% per year
  3. Each subject was required to understand and comply with study procedures required of a subject and was able and willing to provide written informed consent prior to any study procedures being performed.

Exclusion Criteria

A subject was not eligible for this study if any 1 or more of the following criteria applied:

  1. History of hypersensitivity to esomeprazole or to another PPI
  2. History of allergic reaction or intolerance to any NSAID (including aspirin) and/or a history of NSAID-induced symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and/or nasal polyps
  3. Participation in any study of an investigational treatment in the 4 weeks before Screening
  4. Presence of uncontrolled acute or chronic medical illness, e.g., GI disorder, hypertension, diabetes, thyroid disorder, depression and/or infection that would have endangered a subject if they were to have participated in the study
  5. GI disorder or surgery leading to impaired drug absorption
  6. Evidence of uncontrolled, or unstable cardio- or cerebrovascular disorder, which in the investigator's opinion would have endangered a subject if they were to have participated in the study
  7. Schizophrenia or bipolar disorder
  8. Use of any excluded concomitant medication (see Section 9.4.8)
  9. A recent history (in the past 3 months) suggestive of alcohol or drug abuse or dependence, including overuse/abuse of narcotics for management of pain
  10. Serious blood coagulation disorder, including use of systemic anticoagulants
  11. Positive test result for H. pylori at Screening
  12. Screening endoscopy showing any gastric or duodenal ulcer at least 3 mm in diameter with depth
  13. Screening laboratory alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) value > 2 times the upper limit of normal
  14. Estimated creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min
  15. Other than noted specifically, any screening laboratory value that was clinically significant in the investigator's opinion and would have endangered a subject if they were to have participated in the study
  16. History of malignancy, treated or untreated, within the past 5 years, with the exception of successfully treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00527787

Locations
United States, North Carolina
POZEN
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27517
Sponsors and Collaborators
POZEN
Investigators
Study Chair: Everardus Orlemans, PhD POZEN
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Senior Vice President, Clinical Research, Pozen Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00527787     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PN400-301
Study First Received: September 10, 2007
Results First Received: May 27, 2010
Last Updated: November 29, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by POZEN:
NSAID
gastric ulcers
Vimovo
Naproxen
Esomeprazole

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Ulcer
Ulcer
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Peptic Ulcer
Stomach Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Esomeprazole
Naproxen
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Ulcer Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Gastrointestinal Agents
Gout Suppressants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Sensory System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014