Evaluation of Topical Liposomal Lidocaine and Oral Sucrose for Treatment of Pain in Newborns Undergoing Venipuncture

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Information provided by:
The Hospital for Sick Children
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00519207
First received: August 20, 2007
Last updated: July 18, 2011
Last verified: July 2011
  Purpose

The objective of this study is to determine the relative efficacy of sucrose, liposomal lidocaine, and sucrose plus liposomal lidocaine, on reducing pain during venipuncture in newborn infants.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pain
Drug: Lidocaine
Drug: 24% Sucrose Solution
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Topical Liposomal Lidocaine and Oral Sucrose for Treatment of Pain in Newborn Infants Undergoing Venipuncture: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by The Hospital for Sick Children:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Infant pain during venipuncture as assessed by facial grimacing response. [ Time Frame: During venipuncture ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Visual Analog Scale scores [ Time Frame: During venipuncture ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cry duration [ Time Frame: During venipuncture ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Heart rate [ Time Frame: During venipuncture ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of attempts until procedure completion [ Time Frame: From first needle poke to completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Endomorphins-1,-2 levels [ Time Frame: Before and 10 minutes after sucrose/sucrose placebo administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Procedure duration [ Time Frame: From first needle poke to completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Lidocaine levels [ Time Frame: 5-15 minutes after the study cream is removed ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 330
Study Start Date: August 2007
Study Completion Date: February 2009
Primary Completion Date: February 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
This group will receive lidocaine and sucrose placebo (water).
Drug: Lidocaine
1g of liposomal lidocaine will be administered 30-40 minutes prior to venipuncture and occluded by a dressing.
Other Name: Maxilene 4
Active Comparator: 2
This group will receive lidocaine placebo and sucrose.
Drug: 24% Sucrose Solution
2ml of 24% sucrose will be administered 2 minutes prior to venipuncture
Other Name: TootSweet
Active Comparator: 3
This group will receive lidocaine and sucrose.
Drug: Lidocaine
1g of liposomal lidocaine will be administered 30-40 minutes prior to venipuncture and occluded by a dressing.
Other Name: Maxilene 4
Drug: 24% Sucrose Solution
2ml of 24% sucrose will be administered 2 minutes prior to venipuncture
Other Name: TootSweet

Detailed Description:

Despite the fact that modern medical practice is greatly advanced, pain is inflicted on all Canadian newborn infants in the first days and months of life from blood tests, injections and cannulations designed to prevent, diagnose or manage medical conditions. Procedural pain in newborn infants is a significant burden to infants, their parents, healthcare workers, and society at large.

This study proposes a large randomized controlled trial to determine the optimal analgesic regimen for procedural pain using methods that can be easily implemented in clinical practice. We will study liposomal lidocaine cream and sucrose oral liquid, used alone, or together, to manage procedural pain. Liposomal lidocaine is a relatively new anaesthetic formulation ideally suited for young infants due to the established role of lidocaine in neonatal clinical medicine. Sucrose (sugar water) reduces pain responses and is promoted in consensus guidelines developed by pain experts. However, it is perceived by many front-line clinicians to be simply a comforting agent rather than a true analgesic. Studying liposomal lidocaine and sucrose together is important since the combination may prove superior to either agent alone, and may even prevent or abolish pain from clinical procedures.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 7 Days
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy newborn infants
  • ≥ 37 weeks gestational age.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission
  • asphyxia, seizures
  • major birth defect (heart, brain, genetic syndrome)
  • circumcised during study
  • receiving analgesia/sedatives.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00519207

Locations
Canada, Ontario
Mount Sinai Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1X5
The Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1X8
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Hospital for Sick Children
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Anna Taddio, PhD The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto Canada
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Anna Taddio/Principal Investigator, The Hospital for Sick Children
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00519207     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1000010747
Study First Received: August 20, 2007
Last Updated: July 18, 2011
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by The Hospital for Sick Children:
pediatrics
pain
infants
newborn screening
venipuncture
lidocaine
sucrose

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lidocaine
Anesthetics
Anesthetics, Local
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Sodium Channel Blockers
Therapeutic Uses
Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Blockers

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014