Effectiveness of Bradykinin Receptor Blocker at Reducing Swelling Associated With Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor-Associated Angioedema
Individuals with heart disease or high blood pressure are often prescribed angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to treat their disease. However, the use of ACE inhibitors can be associated with angioedema, a rare but life-threatening condition that causes swelling of the face and other body parts. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the drug HOE-140 at decreasing symptoms of angioedema in people taking ACE inhibitors who develop the condition.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Study of a Bradykinin Receptor Blocker in Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor-Associated Angioedema|
- Time to resolution of angioedema, as defined as the time interval between when the participant first noted the onset of symptoms and when there is no objective evidence of angioedema by physical examination [ Time Frame: Measured at follow-up visit 7 days following resolution of angioedema ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Length of hospital stay, admission to the intensive care unit, requirement for intubation, duration of intubation, use of steroids, use of histamine receptor type 1 (H1) and H2 blockers, use of epinephrine, and blood pressure levels [ Time Frame: Measured at follow-up visit 7 days following resolution of angioedema ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Subcutaneous at time 0 and 6 hours
|Placebo Comparator: Placebo||
Subcutaneous at time 0 and 6 hours
People who take ACE inhibitors may develop angioedema, a condition that causes itchy and painful swelling beneath the skin around the eyes, lips, tongue, throat, hands, or feet. In severe cases, the throat may swell, obstructing the airway and leading to breathing difficulty. ACE inhibitors prevent the breakdown of a natural chemical in the body called bradykinin. Increased levels of bradykinin, which can cause swelling, may contribute to the development of angioedema. Blocking bradykinin receptor cells prevents bradykinin from initiating swelling and may lead to a possible decrease in angioedema symptoms. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of HOE-140, a bradykinin receptor blocker, at reducing symptoms in people with ACE inhibitor-associated angioedema.
This study will enroll people admitted to the emergency room or hospital who have a severe case of ACE inhibitor-associated angioedema. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive an injection of either HOE-140 or placebo. Initially, participants will undergo an electrocardiogram to measure the electrical activity of the heart. Then blood pressure measurements, blood collection, a physical exam to determine the extent and duration of swelling, and photographs of the swelling will occur at 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 hours following the start of treatment. Questionnaires will be completed by study staff and participants to assess changes in angioedema symptoms and the extent of swelling. Participants will remain in the hospital for 24 to 48 hours, depending on the severity of their symptoms. Blood will be collected at a follow-up visit that will occur 7 days after the resolution of angioedema symptoms.
|United States, Tennessee|
|Vanderbilt University Medical Center|
|Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37205|
|Principal Investigator:||Nancy J. Brown, MD||Vanderbilt University|