A Study of Androgen Deprivation With Leuprolide, +/- Docetaxel for Clinically Asymptomatic Prostate Cancer Participants With a Rising Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) (Rising PSA)

This study has been terminated.
(Company decision to discontinue the study, not due to any safety or efficacy concerns)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00514917
First received: August 2, 2007
Last updated: August 30, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

The primary objective was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of androgen deprivation with or without docetaxel as determined by the median progression free survival (PFS) over the period of 18-month therapy and at least 18-month follow-up.

The secondary objectives were:

  • To assess cancer specific survival;
  • To compare overall survival between the 2 treatment groups;
  • To evaluate patient-reported outcomes including quality of life, fatigue, and sexual functioning as measured by 3 different assessments.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostatic Neoplasms
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: Leuprolide
Drug: Bicalutamide
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Open Label, Multicenter, Phase III, 2-Arm Study of Androgen Deprivation With Leuprolide, +/- Docetaxel for Clinically Asymptomatic Prostate Cancer Subjects With a Rising PSA Following Definitive Local Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sanofi:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Median Progression-Free Survival (PFS) in Intent-to-treat (ITT) Population [ Time Frame: Randomization until PSA progression or radiographic progression or death due to prostate cancer, assessed up to Month 60 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS was the time from randomization to the date of first documented prostate specific antigen (PSA) progression, or radiographic progression, or death due to prostate cancer in the absence of previous documentation of disease progression, whichever occurred first. PSA progression was determined as: a) During treatment period: a 50 percent (%) increase from baseline, which was confirmed by a second value; b) During follow-up: detectable PSA (defined as PSA greater than or equal to 0.05 nanogram per millimeter [ng/mL]), which was confirmed by consecutive observation (not less than 2 weeks apart). Median PFS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS) Rate at Month 36 in ITT Population [ Time Frame: Month 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS rate at Month 36 was defined as probability of being progression-free at Month 36. PFS rate was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Median Progression-Free Survival (PFS) in Testosterone Specific Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Randomization until PSA progression or radiographic progression or death due to prostate cancer, assessed up to Month 60 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS was the time from randomization to the date of first documented PSA progression, or radiographic progression, or death due to prostate cancer in the absence of previous documentation of disease progression, whichever occurred first. Median PFS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS) Rate at Month 36 in Testosterone Specific Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Month 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS rate at Month 36 was defined as probability of being progression-free at Month 36. PFS rate was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival (OS): Number of Participants Who Died (All Cause) [ Time Frame: Randomization until death due to any cause, assessed up to Month 60 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The OS was the time interval from the date of randomization to the date of death due to any cause. OS was to be analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. However, the analysis was not performed due to insufficient number of events. Reported is the number of participants who died from any cause.

  • Cancer-Specific Survival: Number of Participants Who Died (Cancer-Specific) [ Time Frame: Randomization until death due to prostate cancer, assessed up to Month 60 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The cancer-specific survival was the time from the date of randomization to the date of death due to prostate cancer. Cancer-specific survival was to be analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. However, the analysis was not performed due to insufficient number of events. Reported is the number of participants who died from prostate cancer.

  • Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P) Total Score at End of Treatment (EOT) [ Time Frame: Baseline, EOT (up to Month 18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    FACT-P is a 39-item participant questionnaire which assesses physical well-being (7 items), social/family well-being (7 items), emotional well-being (6 items), functional well-being (7 items), and additional prostate cancer specific concerns (12 items). All items are scored from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). The total FACT-P score ranges from 0-156, with higher scores representing a better quality of life with fewer symptoms. A score of 156 represents the best outcome.

  • Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P) Trial Outcome Index (TOI) Score at EOT [ Time Frame: Baseline, EOT (up to Month 18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Physical well-being, functional well-being, and prostate cancer concerns sub-scales of the FACT-P questionnaire were combined to calculate TOI. Total TOI score ranges from 0 to 104, with higher scores representing a better quality of life with fewer symptoms.

  • Change From Baseline in Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (MAF) Index Score at EOT [ Time Frame: Baseline, EOT (up to Month 18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    MAF scale consists of 16-items to measure 4 dimensions of fatigue during past week: severity (Item 1-2), distress (Item 3), degree of interference in activities of daily living (Item 4-14), and timing (Item 15-16). Item 1-14 are scored on a numeric rating scale from 1 to 10, where higher score indicate more severity/distress/interference. Item 15-16 had multiple choice responses (4 responses each). Scale Index was calculated using Item 1-15, in following steps: 1) Item 15 score converted to 1-10 scale by multiplying the score with 2.5; 2) Average score was calculated from Item 4-14; 3) Finally scale index was calculated by adding Items 1, 2, 3 scores with average score from step 2 and converted score of Item 15 from step 1. Total MAF scale index score ranges 1 (no fatigue) to 50 (severe fatigue).

  • Change From Baseline in Erectile Function Domain of International Index of Erectile Function (EF-IIEF) Total Score at EOT [ Time Frame: Baseline, EOT (up to Month 18) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    EF-IIEF is a 6-item erectile function domain of IIEF. It consists of Question 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 15 of IIEF questionnaire. 5 questions are scored from 0 (no activity) to 5 (very high activity) and 1 question is scored from 1 (very low activity) to 5 (very high activity). Total EF-IIEF score ranges from 1 to 30, where higher score indicates high activity.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: From first administration of study treatment until 30 days after the last administration of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    TEAE: any adverse event (AE) that occurred or worsened during the on-treatment period, which was the period from first administration of study treatment until 30 days after last administration of study treatment. AE: any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. Serious AE: an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly, or medically important. Drug-related AEs were any untoward medical occurrences attributed to study drug in a participant who received study drug. National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 3.0 Grade 3 (severe) and Grade 4 (life threatening/disabling) TEAEs were also reported.


Enrollment: 413
Study Start Date: July 2007
Study Completion Date: September 2012
Primary Completion Date: September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Docetaxel+Leuprolide+Bicalutamide
Participants received docetaxel 75 milligram per square meter (mg/m^2) intravenous infusion over 1 hour every 3 weeks up to 10 cycles (3 week cycle) along with leuprolide 22.5 mg injection subcutaneously every 12 weeks up to 18 months and bicalutamide 50 mg tablet orally once daily for first 4 weeks of treatment.
Drug: Docetaxel
75 mg/m^2 intravenous infusion over 1 hour every 3 weeks up to 10 cycles.
Other Names:
  • TAXOTERE®
  • XRP6976
Drug: Leuprolide
22.5 mg injection subcutaneously every 12 weeks up to 18 months.
Other Name: Eligard®
Drug: Bicalutamide
50 mg tablet orally once daily for first 4 weeks of treatment.
Active Comparator: Leuprolide+Bicalutamide
Participants received leuprolide 22.5 mg injection subcutaneously every 12 weeks up to 18 months and bicalutamide 50 mg tablet orally once daily for first 4 weeks of treatment.
Drug: Leuprolide
22.5 mg injection subcutaneously every 12 weeks up to 18 months.
Other Name: Eligard®
Drug: Bicalutamide
50 mg tablet orally once daily for first 4 weeks of treatment.

Detailed Description:

The duration of the study per participant was to be at least 36 months, of which the treatment period was 18 months for all participants, followed by at least 18 months follow-up period.

Participants received study treatment for up to 18 months from the time of study therapy initiation or less if one of the following occurred: disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, death, participant refusal or treatment delay beyond the time frame that is permitted for each treatment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma pathologically confirmed
  • History of radical prostatectomy (pre-operative radiation therapy to the prostate or pelvis or salvage radiation after radical prostatectomy was allowed)
  • Demonstration of biochemical progression of disease based on prostate specific antigen (PSA) doubling time. The minimum PSA value for eligibility was greater than or equal to (>=) 1. PSA doubling time over three values must be equal to (=) 9 months with a minimum of 3 weeks between assessments
  • Serum testosterone >=100 nanogram per deciliter (ng/dL)
  • Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >=70 percent (%)
  • Adequate organ function as defined by the following laboratory criteria:

    • White blood cells >=3500 per cubic millimeter (mm^3)
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1500 per mm^3
    • Platelet count >=100,000 per mm^3
    • Hemoglobin >= 10.0 gram per deciliter (g/dL)
    • Total Bilirubin less than or equal to (<=) upper limit of normal (ULN) unless due to Gilbert's disease
    • Creatinine l <= 1.5 milligram per deciliter (mg/dL) or creatinine clearance >=60 cubic centimeters per minute
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase within pre-defined ranges
  • Previous hormonal therapy was allowed provided that the total duration of therapy did not exceed 6 months
  • Man of childbearing potential who was willing to consent to use effective contraception while on treatment and for at least 3 months thereafter
  • Participant who was willing and was able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically significant cardiac disease (New York Heart Association Class III/IV), or severe debilitating pulmonary disease
  • Uncontrolled serious active infection
  • Anticipated duration of life < 2 years
  • Less than 5-year history of successful treatment for other cancers or concurrent active nonprostate cancer other than nonmelanoma dermatologic tumor
  • Peripheral neuropathy >=Grade 2
  • History of hypersensitivity reaction to Docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80, leuprolide, or bicalutamide
  • Prior chemotherapy within the past 10 years (except non-taxane based chemotherapy for treatment of other cancers); concurrent treatment on another clinical trial or with any other cancer therapy including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy (except salvage radiation therapy), chemoembolization therapy, cryotherapy
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical conditions including psychiatric disease, or significant laboratory abnormality requiring further investigation that may cause undue risk for the participant's safety, delay or prohibit protocol participation, or interfere with the interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the participant inappropriate for entry into this study
  • Radiographic findings suspicious for metastatic disease in the treating physician's clinical judgment. Participant who had radiographically suspicious pelvic lymph nodes prior to radial prostatectomy, but who, at the time of enrollment did not have suspicious adenopathy was eligible. Participant was eligible even if he/she had tumor-containing pelvic adenopathy at the time of surgery as long as at the time of enrollment there was no radiographically evident nodal disease in the clinician's opinion
  • Participant was the investigator or any sub-investigator, research assistant, pharmacist, study coordinator, other staff or relative thereof directly involved in the conduct of the protocol
  • Participant unlikely to comply with protocol or research tests, for example, uncooperative attitude, inability to return for follow-up visits, and unlikelihood of completing the study
  • Participant who participated in another clinical study/received investigational product within 30 days of screening

The above information was not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a participant's potential participation in a clinical trial.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00514917

Locations
United States, New Jersey
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office
Bridgewater, New Jersey, United States, 08807
Belgium
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office
Diegem, Belgium
Canada
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office
Laval, Canada
Czech Republic
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office
Praha, Czech Republic
Germany
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office
Frankfurt, Germany
Lithuania
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office
Vilnius, Lithuania
Poland
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office
Warsaw, Poland
Slovakia
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office
Bratislava, Slovakia
Spain
Sanofi-Aventis Administrative Office
Barcelona, Spain
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sanofi
Investigators
Study Director: Barrett Childs, MD Sanofi
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00514917     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: XRP6976J_3503, 2007-000323-17
Study First Received: August 2, 2007
Results First Received: August 30, 2013
Last Updated: August 30, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Androgens
Leuprolide
Docetaxel
Bicalutamide
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Androgen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014