Effect of Albendazole Dose on Treatment of Lymphatic Filariasis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00511004
First received: August 2, 2007
Last updated: February 4, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

This study is conducted in Kerala, India. It will determine whether a new treatment regimen of albendazole and diethylcarbamazine (DEC) for lymphatic filariasis can eliminate the disease more quickly than the standard regimen. Lymphatic filariasis is caused by infection with very small parasitic worms that are spread by mosquitoes. The disease can cause swelling of the arms, legs, breast and scrotum and can progress to permanent swelling of the legs or arms called elephantiasis. The study will see if a higher and more frequent dose of albendazole is better at clearing filarial worms from the blood than the current treatment.

Healthy people between 18 and 55 years of age who are in good health and who are infected with filarial worms may be eligible for this study.

Participants undergo the following procedures:

3-day hospital stay at the Filariasis Chemotherapy Unit of the T.D. Medical College Hospital in Kerala, India

  • Random assignment to receive either: 400 mg albendazole and DEC 300 mg given once a year for 2 years (standard treatment); or 800 mg albendazole and DEC 300 mg given once a year for 2 years; or 800 mg albendazole and DEC 300 mg given twice a year for 2 years.
  • Urine pregnancy test for women of childbearing age .
  • Ultrasound test to look for filarial worms.
  • Treatment dose.
  • Monitoring for symptoms

    6-month 3-day hospital stay

  • Medical history, physical examination and blood test.
  • Repeat ultrasound in subjects whose first ultrasound detected adult worms.
  • Treatment dose for subjects receiving medicine every 6 months.
  • Urine pregnancy test for women of childbearing age.

    1-year 3-day hospital stay

  • Medical history, physical examination and blood test.
  • Treatment dose.
  • Repeat ultrasound in subjects whose first ultrasound detected adult worms.
  • Urine pregnancy test for women of childbearing age.

    18-month 3-day hospital stay

  • Medical history, physical examination and blood test.
  • Treatment dose for subjects receiving medicine every 6 months.
  • Urine pregnancy test for women of childbearing age.

    24-month 3-day hospital stay

  • Medical history, physical examination and blood test.
  • Treatment dose.
  • Repeat ultrasound in subjects whose first ultrasound detected adult worms.
  • Urine pregnancy test for women of childbearing age.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lymphatic Filariasis
Brugia Malayi Infection
Drug: Albendazole
Drug: Diethylcarbamazine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of Albendazole Dose and Interval on Brugia Malayi Microfilarial Clearance in India: A Randomized, Open Label Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine whether increasing the albendazole dose or the frequency of treatment with DEC/albendazole is more effective than the current proved mass treatment regimen at clearing microfilaremia as assessed by microfilarial counts at 1 year. [ Time Frame: 1 year from time enrolled. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess effect on adult worm burdens, microfilariae at 2 years, and Brugia specific IgG4. [ Time Frame: 2 years from the time enrolled. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: July 2007
Study Completion Date: February 2014
Primary Completion Date: February 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Albendazole
    N/A
    Drug: Diethylcarbamazine
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Albendazole and diethylcarbamazine (DEC) are currently used in combination for annual mass treatment of lymphatic filariasis in all parts of the world except Africa. Although the drugs have been donated, the cost of such programs is very high and has proven to be a major impediment to the success of programs in many countries with limited financial resources. Data from albendazole treatment of other filarial infections and one study comparing single to multi-dose DEC/albendazole in lymphatic filariasis suggest that increased dose and/or frequency of albendazole dosing may be more effective in clearing microfilariae. In this study, 75 volunteers with microfilaremic Brugia malayi infection will be randomized to receive standard annual therapy (albendazole 400 mg + DEC 300 mg), annual therapy with increased dosing of albendazole (albendazole 800 mg + DEC 300 mg), or semiannual therapy with an increased albendazole dose (albendazole 800 mg + DEC 300 mg). Microfilarial levels will be followed every 6 months for 2 years to determine whether the higher dose, and/or the more frequent regimen, is more effective.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Inclusion Criteria for Screening:

  • Age 18 years to 55 years inclusive
  • Both genders
  • Not pregnant or breastfeeding by history
  • If selected, subjects must be willing to spend 3 days on the Filariasis Chemotherapy Unit at the T.D. Medical College Hospital, Alleppey, Kerala, India
  • If selected, subjects must be willing to undergo nighttime blood draws once every 6 months and Doppler ultrasound twice yearly for 2 years
  • If selected, agree to have blood stored for future studies
  • Ability to understand and give informed consent

Inclusion Criteria for Treatment:

  • Age 18 to 55 years inclusive
  • Men and non-pregnant or non-breast feeding women
  • Microfilarial levels greater than 50mf/mL
  • Willingness to spend 3 days on the Filariasis Chemotherapy Unit at the T.D. Medical College Hospital, Alleppey, Kerala, India every 6 months for 2 years
  • Willingness to undergo nighttime blood draws once every 6 months for 2 years
  • Ability to understand and give informed consent
  • Hgb levels for inclusion greater than 9 g/dL
  • Cr less than or equal to 1.2 mg/dL
  • ALT less than 30 U/L
  • Willingness to have blood stored for future studies

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Exclusion Criteria for Screening:

  • Age less than 18 years or greater than 55 years
  • Pregnant or breast feeding by history

Exclusion Criteria for Treatment:

  • Non-volunteers
  • Age less than 18 years or greater than 55 years
  • Pregnant or breast feeding
  • Hgb levels less than or equal to 9 g/dL
  • Cr greater than 1.3 mg/dL
  • ALT greater than 30 U/L
  • Alcohol consumption of more than 2 beers or other alcohol-containing drinks/day within a week of each drug administration
  • Temperature greater than 37.5 degrees Celsius
  • Serious medical illness
  • History of benzimidazole allergy
  • History of DEC allergy
  • Use of albendazole or DEC within past 6 months
  • Unwillingness to comply with required study visits
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00511004

Locations
India
Filariasis Chemotherapy Unit (FCU), T.D. Medical Hospital
Alleppey, Kerala, India
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Thomas B Nutman, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00511004     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999907197, 07-I-N197
Study First Received: August 2, 2007
Last Updated: February 4, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Brugia Malayi
Lymphatic Filariasis
Albendazole
Diethylcarbamazine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Elephantiasis, Filarial
Elephantiasis
Filariasis
Spirurida Infections
Secernentea Infections
Nematode Infections
Helminthiasis
Parasitic Diseases
Lymphedema
Lymphatic Diseases
Albendazole
Diethylcarbamazine
Anthelmintics
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Anticestodal Agents
Antiplatyhelmintic Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Filaricides
Antinematodal Agents
Lipoxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014