Metformin Administration in Infertile Anovulatory PCOS Patients
In a recent prospective study evaluating the efficacy of 1700 mg/day metformin as first-line approach for infertile anovulatory patients with PCOS, we identified predictors for metformin efficacy. Our analysis demonstrated that body mass index (BMI) and insulin resistance were the strongest predictors for both ovulation and pregnancy. In particular, adjusting the data for insulin resistance, a trend in reduced effectiveness was observed with increasing BMI. On the other hand, adjusting the data for BMI, a trend in improved efficacy was detected for higher insulin resistance degrees.
To date, no dose-finding study is currently available in literature evaluating the best dose of metformin to administer. In addition, very few data regarding the best protocol for metformin treatment also are available. However, in order to reduce drug-related side effects incidence due to start-up syndrome, metformin is generally administrated with meals at incremental weekly doses until the maximum dosage ranging from 500 to 2550 mg daily; the doses are reduced if side effects appear. This commonly accepted protocol has not been supported by scientific evidences.
The aim of the present study will be to evaluate in a clinical setting the compliance, the safety and the effectiveness of two schedules for metformin administration in infertile anovulatory PCOS patients.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Tailored Versus Non-tailored Metformin Protocol for Ovulation Induction in Infertile Anovulatory PCOS Patients. A Randomized Controlled Clinical Study|
- Ovulation rate
- Adverse events
- Adherence rate
- Pregnancy rate
- Abortion rate
- Live-birth rate
|Study Start Date:||January 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Group B
Active Comparator: Group A
Infertile anovulatory PCOS eligible patients will be enrolled and randomly allocated to receive tailored (tailored group) or non-tailored metformin treatment (non-tailored group).
Tailored metformin treatment will consist of incremental doses regimen starting from a dosage of 850 mg daily (one tablet daily) with a weekly increase up to 2550 mg daily (three tablets daily). The dosage of metformin will be reduced according to the appearance of serous or affecting compliance drug-related side effects. Conversely, non-tailored metformin treatment consisted of fixed doses regimen of 850 mg twice daily. For both groups, the treatment will be of six months.
All patients eligible will undergo baseline assessment consisting of anthropometric, hormonal, and ultrasonographic evaluations. During the study, the clinical and reproductive outcomes, and the adverse experience will be evaluated in each patient.
Data will be analyzed using the intention-to-treat principle and a P value of 0.05 or less will be considered significant. Continuous variables will be analyzed with the unpaired t test and general linear model for repeated measures analysis with Bonferroni test for the post-hoc analysis as required. For categorical variables, the Pearson chi-square and Fisher's exact tests will be used.
|Catanzaro, Catanzaro, CZ, Italy, 88100|
|Principal Investigator:||Stefano Palomba, MD||Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro|
|Principal Investigator:||Francesco Orio, MD||Department of Endocrinology, University "Federico II" of Naples|
|Principal Investigator:||Achille Tolino, MD||Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University "Federico II" of Naples|