Internal Jugular Vein Ultrasound Measures and Fluid Responsiveness in Post-Operative Cardiac Surgical Patients
The goal of this study is to evaluate whether measures of the size of the internal jugular vein have clinical utility in predicting whether patients may benefit from treatment with intravenous fluid.
Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Procedure: Volume challenge
Procedure: Ultrasound evaluation of internal jugular vein
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Do Internal Jugular Vein Measurements Made By Ultrasound Correlate With Fluid Responsiveness in Ventilated Post-Operative Cardiac Surgical Patients?|
- To evaluate the relationship between the static size of the right IJV and fluid responsiveness in ventilated post-operative cardiac surgical patients. [ Time Frame: 1 hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- To evaluate the relationship between dynamic variations in the size of the right IJV related to respiration and leg-raising and fluid responsiveness in ventilated post-operative cardiac surgical patients. [ Time Frame: 1 hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Intravenous fluid bolus
Administration of 500 ml of 10% pentastarch
|Procedure: Volume challenge Procedure: Ultrasound evaluation of internal jugular vein|
The optimal therapy for numerous disease states involves the replenishment of intravascular volume. Unfortunately, our current clinical measures of volume status are imperfect. Given biologic plausibility and preliminary study, it is possible that static and/or dynamic measures of internal jugular vein (IJV) size may correlate with volume status and/or be associated with volume responsiveness. If so, this type of assessment might be a more ideal clinical volume-assessment tool. This pilot study aims to establish proof of concept via evaluation of this question in patients following cardiac surgery.
This is a prospective observational study of physiologically-stable, ventilated patients post-cardiac surgery. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the static size of the right IJV and fluid responsiveness in ventilated post-operative cardiac surgical patients. A secondary objective is to evaluate the relationship between dynamic variations in the size of the right IJV related to respiration and leg-raising and fluid responsiveness in the same group. Static and dynamic ultrasound measurements of the right IJV will be performed pre-volume challenge.
Volume responsiveness will be independently assessed by cardiac index measurement before and after rapid infusion of 10% pentastarch. 30 subjects will be recruited pre-operatively and informed consent obtained. Stability of sedation, mechanical ventilation, and hemodynamics will be assured prior to initiation of measurements. Baseline static and respiratory dynamic ultrasound measurements of the right IJV will be obtained and then repeated after bilateral leg-raising. Baseline hemodynamics and cardiac outputs will be obtained using indwelling pulmonary artery catheters. A standardized volume challenge of 10% pentastarch given over 15 minutes will then be provided followed by repeat hemodynamic and cardiac output measurements.
Offline measurements of IJV size will be obtained from unmodified stored video loops by a single observer blinded to patient identity, hemodynamic, and fluid response data. Fluid responsiveness will be assessed by examining the change in cardiac index after volume challenge with a fluid responsive state defined as an increase of ≥ 12 % of cardiac index after volume challenge. The relationship between volume responsiveness and IJ ultrasound measures will be evaluated continuously and dichotomously.
|Foothills Medical Centre|
|Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N-2T9|
|Principal Investigator:||Dan Zuege, MD||University of Calgary|