Alpha-Cell Sensitivity to GLP-1 in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Novo Nordisk A/S
The Danish Diabetes Association
Information provided by:
University of Copenhagen Identifier:
First received: July 5, 2007
Last updated: June 3, 2008
Last verified: June 2008

Glucagon-like peptide 1 is known to improve sensitivity of the pancreatic beta-cell. Further it inhibit secretion from the pancreatic alpha-cell by mechanisms not fully understand. With this study we wish to elucidate the potential of GLP-1 to increase the sensitivity of the alpha-cell.

Type 2 diabetic patients and control subjects receive infusions of GLP-1 in increasing doses or saline, alpha- and beta-cell responses are measured in blood-samples. During the study plasma-glucose levels are clamped at fasting levels.

With this study we hope to elucidate the pathophysiology behind defect glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetes mellitus and further more the potential of GLP-1 in treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Copenhagen:

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Blood for further analyzes and buffy coat

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: July 2007
Study Completion Date: March 2008
Primary Completion Date: March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Background: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) possesses insulinotropic and glucagonostatic properties, and, therefore, GLP-based antidiabetic therapies have been developed. Even though the insulinotropic potency of GLP-1 has been shown to be reduced in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a small dose of GLP-1 is capable of normalizing the beta-cell responsiveness to glucose in these patients. The glucagonostatic potency of GLP-1 in patients with T2DM is not known, and, furthermore, the capability of GLP-1 to reestablish normal glucagon secretion in these patients remains to be elucidated.

Objective: To investigate the alpha-cell sensitivity to GLP-1 in patients with T2DM and to establish if GLP-1 is able to reestablish normal glucagon secretion in such patients.

Method: Ten patients with T2DM and ten healthy control subjects are clamped at their fasting blood glucose levels during GLP-1 infusions at increasing doses (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 pmol/kg/min) and placebo, respectively. Furthermore, the patients will be hospitalized overnight while receiving intravenous insulin and thereafter examined under normoglycaemic conditions. Blood are being drawn for analysis of plasma insulin, C-peptide, GLP-1 and glucagon.

Expected results and conclusions: We expect that GLP-1 will inhibit glucagon secretion in a dose dependent manner, leading too an increase in glucose turn-over. The results will potentially elucidate the interaction between GLP-1 and glucagon secretion and thereby broaden our knowledge on the pathophysiology of T2DM. Furthermore, the present study will determine the therapeutic impact of GLP-1 on the alpha-cell deficiency characterizing patients with T2DM.


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Study Population

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and matched control subjects.


Inclusion Criteria:

  • Informed oral and written consent
  • Caucasians aged > 18 years diagnosed with T2DM due to WHO criteria.
  • Normal haemoglobin
  • HbA1c 6-10%
  • BMI 23-35 kg/m2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hepatic disease, ALAT > 2 x normal.
  • Diabetic nephropathy, (S-creatinine >130μM or albuminuria).
  • Diabetic neuropathy (reported)
  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (reported)
  • Medical treatment that cannot be paused for 12 hours
  • Insulin- or glitazon treatment
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00497133

Gentofte Hostital, Dep. og Internal Medicin F
Gentofte, Hellerup, Denmark, DK-2900
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Copenhagen
Novo Nordisk A/S
The Danish Diabetes Association
Study Director: Jens Juul Holst, Professor, MD,MMSc University of Copenhagen, Department of Biomedical Sciences
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: K. J. Hare, Gentofte University Hospital, University of Copenhagen. Identifier: NCT00497133     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H-KA-20070023
Study First Received: July 5, 2007
Last Updated: June 3, 2008
Health Authority: Denmark: The Regional Committee on Biomedical Research Ethics

Keywords provided by University of Copenhagen:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases processed this record on April 15, 2014