Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a Plus Low Dose Ribavirin for Treatment-Naïve Hemodialysis Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Science Council, Taiwan
Department of Health, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00491244
First received: June 23, 2007
Last updated: January 13, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common in dialysis patients. Interferon (IFN)-based treatment for chronic hepatitis C has been the mainstay therapy in immunocompetent patients. In dialysis patients, treatment with conventional or pegylated interferon has also received much attention recently. Two meta-analyses evaluating the efficacy and safety of conventional IFN alfa monotherapy showed that the sustained virologic response (SVR) rates were 37% and 33%, respectively; and the corresponding dropout rates were 17% and 29.6%, respectively.The efficacy and safety of pegylated IFN alfa-2a and 2b in treating dialysis patients showed conflicting results, with a more favorable outcome of patients treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2a (135-180 μg/week: SVR 33-75%, well tolerated) than those treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2b (0.5-1.0 μg/week: SVR 12.5%, poorly tolerated. Currently, IFN-based therapy to treatment HCV infection should be initiated in dialysis stages, because the use of IFN in RT patients harbors high risks of acute graft rejection,and have low response rates under the concomitant use of immunosuppressive agents.

Ribavirin, which has been used in combination with IFN to treat chronic hepatitis C in the general patients and achieve a higher SVR rate than IFN monotherapy, is considered contraindicated in dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C due to the risk of severe hemolytic anemia. However, some pilot studies evaluating combined conventional IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin (170-300 mg/day) showed SVR rates of 17%-66% after 24-48 weeks of treatment. In addition, a recent study including 6 patients with combination of pegylated IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin also showed a SVR rate of 50%. In this study, treatment with pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin achieved a higher SVR rate that that with pegylated IFN alfa-2b plus low dose ribavirin (100% vs. 25%).

Based on the long-term favorable outcome in dialysis patients who eradicate HCV, and the superior response of pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin to pegylated IFN alfa-2b plus low dose ribavirin in treating dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C, the aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin versus pegylated interferon alfa-2a alone in treatment naïve dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C.


Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Hepatitis C
Drug: Peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin
Drug: Peginterferon alfa-2a
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a Plus Low Dose Ribavirin Versus Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a Alone for Treatment-naïve Hemodialysis Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Sustained Virologic Response (SVR)Rate [ Time Frame: 1.5 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Adverse Event (AE)-Related Withdrawal Rate [ Time Frame: 1.5 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 377
Study Start Date: June 2007
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin
Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 135 ug/week plus ribavirin (Copegus, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 200 mg/day for 24 to 48 weeks (genotype 1: 48 weeks, genotype 2: 24 weeks)
Drug: Peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin
Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 135 ug/week plus ribavirin (Copegus, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 200 mg/day for 24 to 48 weeks (genotype 1: 48 weeks, genotype 2: 24 weeks)
Other Names:
  • Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche)
  • Ribavirin (Copegus, F. Hoffman-LaRoche)
Experimental: Peginterferon alfa-2a
Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 135 ug/week for 24 to 48 weeks (genotype 1: 48 weeks, genotype 2: 24 weeks)
Drug: Peginterferon alfa-2a
Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 135 ug/week for 24 to 48 weeks (genotype 1: 48 weeks, genotype 2: 24 weeks)
Other Name: Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche)

Detailed Description:

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common in dialysis patients, with the reported prevalence varying from 3% to 80% worldwide. (1-3) Although these patients usually have mild symptoms and moderate elevation of alanine transaminase levels, recent international collaborative survey and prospective studies found that anti-HCV seropositivity and positive HCV RNA were risk factors for mortality and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). (4-7) Furthermore, progressive hepatic fibrosis, poor patient and graft survival were observer in dialysis patients with HCV infection who undergo renal transplantation (RT), suggesting immunosuppression following RT may worsen the course of hepatic fibrosis and renal graft function. (8-13) These lines of evidence indicate that HCV infection in the dialysis population is an important issue to be tackled.

Interferon (IFN)-based treatment for chronic hepatitis C has been the mainstay therapy in immunocompetent patients. In dialysis patients, treatment with conventional or pegylated interferon has also received much attention recently. Two meta-analyses evaluating the efficacy and safety of conventional IFN alfa monotherapy showed that the sustained virologic response (SVR) rates were 37% and 33%, respectively; and the corresponding dropout rates were 17% and 29.6%, respectively.(14,15) The efficacy and safety of pegylated IFN alfa-2a and 2b in treating dialysis patients showed conflicting results, with a more favorable outcome of patients treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2a (135-180 μg/week: SVR 33-75%, well tolerated) than those treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2b (0.5-1.0 μg/week: SVR 12.5%, poorly tolerated), (16-21) which may result from different pharmacokinetic profiles between these two pegylated IFNs. Currently, IFN-based therapy to treatment HCV infection should be initiated in dialysis stages, because the use of IFN in RT patients harbors high risks of acute graft rejection,(22,23) and have low response rates under the concomitant use of immunosuppressive agents. (24,25) Ribavirin, which has been used in combination with IFN to treat chronic hepatitis C in the general patients and achieve a higher SVR rate than IFN monotherapy, is considered contraindicated in dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C due to the risk of severe hemolytic anemia. However, some pilot studies evaluating combined conventional IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin (170-300 mg/day) showed SVR rates of 17%-66% after 24-48 weeks of treatment. (26-28) In addition, a recent study including 6 patients with combination of pegylated IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin also showed a SVR rate of 50%. (29) In this study, treatment with pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin achieved a higher SVR rate that that with pegylated IFN alfa-2b plus low dose ribavirin (100% vs. 25%) Based on the long-term favorable outcome in dialysis patients who eradicate HCV, and the superior response of pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin to pegylated IFN alfa-2b plus low dose ribavirin in treating dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C, the aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin versus pegylated interferon alfa-2a in treatment naïve dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18-65 years old
  • Creatinine clearance (Ccr) < 15 ml/min/1.73 m2
  • Anti-HCV (Abbott HCV EIA 3.0, Abbott Diagnostic, Chicago, IL) positive > 6 months
  • Detectable serum quantitative HCV-RNA (Cobas Taqman HCV test, version 2, Roche Diagnostics) with a dynamic range of 25-391000000 IU/ml

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Receiving interferon-based therapy for chronic hepatitis C
  • Severe anemia (hemoglobin < 10 g/dL) or hemoglobinopathy
  • Neutropenia (neutrophil count, <1,500/mm3)
  • Thrombocytopenia (platelet <90,000/ mm3)
  • Co-infection with HBV or HIV
  • Chronic alcohol abuse (daily consumption > 20 g/day)
  • Autoimmune liver disease
  • Decompensated liver disease (Child classification B or C)
  • Neoplastic disease
  • An organ transplant
  • Immunosuppressive therapy
  • Poorly controlled autoimmune diseases, pulmonary diseases, cardiac diseases, psychiatric diseases, neurological diseases, diabetes mellitus
  • Evidence of drug abuse
  • Unwilling to have contraception
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00491244

Locations
Taiwan
National Taiwan University Hospital
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
National Science Council, Taiwan
Department of Health, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
Investigators
Study Chair: Chen-Hua Liu, MD Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan Universitys Hospital
  More Information

Publications:

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00491244     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200703010M
Study First Received: June 23, 2007
Results First Received: September 29, 2013
Last Updated: January 13, 2014
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
Chronic hepatitis C
Hemodialysis
Interferon
Ribavirin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Hepatitis, Chronic
Digestive System Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Liver Diseases
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Interferon-alpha
Interferons
Peginterferon alfa-2a
Ribavirin
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Immunologic Factors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014