An Exploratory Study of Nesiritide in Participants With Acute Heart Failure

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00490724
First received: June 21, 2007
Last updated: December 31, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this exploratory study is to assess the efficacy and safety of nesiritide in participants with acute (a quick and severe form of illness in its early stage) heart failure (when the heart inadequately pumps blood through the body) including acute exacerbation of chronic (lasting a long time) heart failure, administered intravenous (into a vein) bolus (a large amount) followed by intravenous infusion (a fluid or a medicine delivered into a vein by way of a needle).


Condition Intervention Phase
Heart Failure, Congestive
Drug: Nesiritide (1+0.01)
Drug: Nesiritide (2+0.005)
Drug: Nesritide (2+0.01)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Exploratory Study of JNS004 (Nesiritide) in Patients With Acute Heart Failure (J2)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure (PCWP or Pulmonary Arterial Diastolic Pressure[PADP]) at 3 Hours [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 Hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change in PCWP was unmeasurable, therefore it was complemented with PADP. PCWP was measured by pulmonary artery catheterization and provided an indirect measure of left atrial pressure.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Mean Right Atrial Pressure (MRAP) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The MRAP was a measured hemodynamic parameter. MRAP was measured using a Swan-Ganz catheter.

  • Change From Baseline in Pulmonary Arterial Systolic Pressure (PASP) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PASP was a measured hemodynamic parameters. PASP was assessed by Swan-Ganz catheter.

  • Change From Baseline in Pulmonary Arterial Diastolic Pressure (PADP) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PADP was a measured hemodynamic parameter. Normal range of PADP is 8 to 15 millimeters of mercury (mmHg). PADP was assessed by Swan-Ganz catheter.

  • Change From Baseline in Mean Pulmonary Arterial Pressure (MPAP) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The MPAP was a measured hemodynamic parameter. MPAP was measured using a Swan-Ganz catheter.

  • Change From Baseline in Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure (PCWP) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PCWP was a measured hemodynamic parameter. It was the blood pressure, recorded after wedging a catheter in a small pulmonary artery; believed to reflect the pressure in the pulmonary capillaries. It was measured by pulmonary artery catheterization and provided an indirect measure of left atrial pressure.

  • Change From Baseline in Cardiac Output (CO) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The CO was a measured cardiopulmonary hemodynamic parameter. It is the volume of blood expelled by the ventricles of the heart with each beat. It was calculated as the product of stroke volume (output of either ventricle per heartbeat) and the number of beats per minute. Cardiac output is commonly measured by the thermodilution technique.

  • Change From Baseline in Mean Blood Pressure (MBP) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The MBP was a calculated hemodynamic parameter and the calculation was done on the basis of the measured hemodynamic parameters. MBP was calculated as sum of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and (0.33*[SBP−DBP])

  • Change From Baseline in Cardiac Index (CI) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The CI was a calculated hemodynamic parameter and the calculation was done on the basis of the measured hemodynamic parameters. CI was calculated by dividing CO and body surface area.

  • Change From Baseline in Stroke Volume (SV) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SV was a calculated hemodynamic parameter and the calculation was done on the basis of the measured hemodynamic parameters. Stroke volume is the volume of blood ejected from a ventricle at each beat of the heart, equal to the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume. SV was calculated by dividing CO and heart rate (HR).

  • Change From Baseline in Stroke Volume Index (SVI) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SVI was a calculated hemodynamic parameter and the calculation was done on the basis of the measured hemodynamic parameters. Stroke volume is the volume of blood ejected from a ventricle at each beat of the heart, equal to the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume. The stroke volume index is a method of relating the stroke volume to the size of the person by dividing the stroke volume by the body surface area (BSA).

  • Change From Baseline in Systemic Vascular Resistance (SVR) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SVR was a calculated hemodynamic parameter and the calculation was done on the basis of the measured hemodynamic parameters. SVR was calculated by dividing (80*[MBP−MRAP]) and CO.

  • Change From Baseline in Pulmonary Vascular Resistance (PVR) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 Hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PVR (force that opposes the flow of blood through a vascular bed) was a calculated hemodynamic parameter and the calculation was done on the basis of the measured hemodynamic parameters. PVR was calculated by dividing (80*[MPAP−PCWP]) and CO.

  • Number of Participants With Dyspnea Symptoms Assessed by Borg Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1 h and 24 h ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of Dyspnea (difficult or labored breathing) was done using Borg scale. It is a 10-point scale where following scores stands for severity of dyspnea: 0=no breathlessness at all; 0.5=very very slight (just noticeable); 1=very slight; 2=slight; 3=moderate; 4=somewhat severe; 5=severe; 7=very severe breathlessness; 9=very very severe (almost maximum) and 10=maximum.

  • Number of Participants With Dyspnea Symptoms Assessed by Likert Scale Score [ Time Frame: 3, 6 and 24 hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of Dyspnea was done using Likert scale. It is a 7-point scale where following scores stands for severity of dyspnea: 1=markedly better; 2=moderately better; 3=minimally better; 4=no change; 5=minimally worse; 6=moderately worse and 7= markedly worse

  • Number of Participants With Orthopnea [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1 and 24 hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of dyspnea was done by measuring percentage of participants showing presence or absence of orthopnea (it is the sensation of breathlessness in the recumbent position, relieved by sitting or standing) symptoms

  • Number of Participants With Oxygen Therapy [ Time Frame: Baseline,1 and 24 hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of dyspnea was done by measuring number of participants showing presence or absence of oxygen therapy.

  • Assessment of Dyspnea Using Percutaneous Arterial Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 24 hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of dyspnea was done by measuring SpO2 via pulse oximetry, by making the participant lye quietly in the post anesthesia care unit (PACU) and breathing room air (RA)

  • Assessment of Dyspnea Using Respiratory Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 15 and 24 hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of dyspnea was done by measuring respiratory rate which is the number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (respiration) per unit time, usually per minute

  • Urinary Volume [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 and 24 hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The urinary volume was measured because nesiritide has a diuretic effect. Measurement of hour urine was done in the observation period and treatment period. 1-hour urine before treatment initiation was measured in the observation period. In the treatment period, 1-hour urine for period 1 and 3-hour urine for period 2 was measured. Urinary volume was recorded for participants without urethral catheterization having spontaneous micturition when needed.


Enrollment: 67
Study Start Date: March 2007
Study Completion Date: July 2008
Primary Completion Date: June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Nesiritide (1+0.01)
Intravenous bolus treatment will be administered over 1 minute (min) at a dose of 1 microgram per kilogram (mcg/kg) followed by 24 hour intravenous infusion which is comprised of Period 1 (fixed-dose) with dose of 0.01 mcg/kg/min and Period 2 (flexible-dose) where dosage will be increased by 0.005 mcg/kg/min every 3 hours. Total dosage to be administered will be 15.4 to 35.2 mcg/kg.
Drug: Nesiritide (1+0.01)
Intravenous bolus treatment will be administered over 1 minute (min) at a dose of 1 microgram per kilogram (mcg/kg) followed by 24 hour intravenous infusion which is comprised of Period 1 (fixed-dose) with dose of 0.01 mcg/kg/min and Period 2 (flexible-dose) where dosage will be increased by 0.005 mcg/kg/min every 3 hours. Total dosage to be administered will be 15.4 to 35.2 mcg/kg.
Experimental: Nesiritide (2+0.005)
Intravenous bolus treatment will be administered over 1 minute (min) at a dose of 2 microgram per kilogram (mcg/kg) followed by 24 hour intravenous infusion which is comprised of Period 1 (fixed-dose) with dose of 0.005 mcg/kg/min and Period 2 (flexible-dose) where dosage will be increased by 0.005 mcg/kg/min every 3 hours. Total dosage to be administered will be 9.2 to 31.7 mcg/kg.
Drug: Nesiritide (2+0.005)
Intravenous bolus treatment will be administered over 1 minute (min) at a dose of 2 microgram per kilogram (mcg/kg) followed by 24 hour intravenous infusion which is comprised of Period 1 (fixed-dose) with dose of 0.005 mcg/kg/min and Period 2 (flexible-dose) where dosage will be increased by 0.005 mcg/kg/min every 3 hours. Total dosage to be administered will be 9.2 to 31.7 mcg/kg.
Experimental: Nesiritide (2+0.01)
Intravenous bolus treatment will be administered over 1 minute (min) at a dose of 2 microgram per kilogram (mcg/kg) followed by 24 hour intravenous infusion which is comprised of Period 1 (Fixed-dose) with dose of 0.01 mcg/kg/min and Period 2 (Flexible-dose) where dosage will be increased by 0.005 mcg/kg/min every 3 hours. Total dosage to be administered will be 16.4 to 36.2 mcg/kg.
Drug: Nesritide (2+0.01)
Intravenous bolus treatment will be administered over 1 minute (min) at a dose of 2 microgram per kilogram (mcg/kg) followed by 24 hour intravenous infusion which is comprised of Period 1 (Fixed-dose) with dose of 0.01 mcg/kg/min and Period 2 (Flexible-dose) where dosage will be increased by 0.005 mcg/kg/min every 3 hours. Total dosage to be administered will be 16.4 to 36.2 mcg/kg.

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label (a medical research study in which participants and researchers are told which treatments the participants are receiving, "unblinded"), multi-center (when more than 1 hospital or medical school team work on a medical research study), randomized (study medication assigned by chance), stepwise, bolus plus intravenous infusion, fixed-flexible (arbitrary dose titration [slow increase in drug dosage, guided by participant's responses]) study. The study consists of 3 periods: Observation period (from the time of obtaining consent to the start of study treatment), Treatment period, and Follow-up period (from 24 hours after the initiation of study treatment [discontinuation] to 30 days after the initiation of study treatment). The participants will be randomly assigned to 1 of the following 3 treatment groups: 2+0.005 group, 1+0.01 group and 2+0.01 group. The treatment period consists of treatment with bolus injection (over 1 minute) followed by intravenous infusion (over 24 hours: Period 1 [fixed-dose period] of 3 hours and Period 2 [flexible-dose period] of 21 hours).The study will be conducted stepwise and hence, initially participants will be randomly assigned to 1 of the following 2 groups: 1+0.01 group and 2+0.005 group. Participants will receive nesiritide at an initial dose of 0.005 or 0.01 microgram per kilogram per minute (mcg/kg/min), and the dose escalation of 0.005 mcg/kg/min per dose will be conducted every 3 hours up to maximum of 0.03 mcg/kg/min in Period 2. Safety data of at least 5 participants will be assessed for each group, and after confirming the safety of 2 groups, the participants will be assigned to third group of nesiritide 2 microgram per kilogram (mcg/kg) +0.01 mcg/kg/min. Then participants will be followed up to a maximum of 30 days after the initiation of study treatment, in follow-up period. Participants will primarily be evaluated for the effect of nesiritide on hemodynamic parameters such as pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), or if it is unmeasurable then it will be complemented with pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure (PADP). Participants' safety will also be monitored throughout the study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with acute heart failure (including acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure) requiring hospitalization whose placement of right-heart catheter (flexible, tube-like tool used to take fluids out or put fluids into the body) is judged to be possible and useful for treatment
  • Participants with findings of pulmonary (having to do with the lungs) congestion on a chest X-ray (an image of a site produced on photographic film by X-rays passing through the site) film taken within 12 hours before starting the treatment
  • Participants with 2 systolic blood pressure (SBP: refers to blood pressure [pressure of the blood on the arteries and other blood vessel] when the heart beats while pumping blood) values greater than or equal to 100 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) measured at an interval of at least 15 minutes in the hemodynamic (related to blood flow) assessment in observation period
  • In a hemodynamic assessment in observation period, participants with 2 pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP [if it is not available, pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure {PADP}]) values greater than or equal to 18 mmHg measured at an interval of at least 15 minutes and the second measurement value is within positive 20 percent (%) and negative 20% compared with the first 1

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with severe (very serious, life threatening) hepatic (to do with liver) impairment or renal (to do with kidney) impairment, cancer (abnormal tissue that grows and spreads in the body until it kills), or malignant (cancerous) tumor (a mass in a specific area)
  • Participants who are or may be pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Participants receiving non-invasive (puncture, opening or cutting of the skin) positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) or scheduled to receive this during the study period
  • Participants who received treatment with another investigational product within 4 weeks before the initiation of investigational treatment or who were enrolled in a clinical study of nesiritide in the past
  • Participants who received prohibited concomitant medications within 3 hours before the initiation of investigational treatment or those who are receiving such a medication
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00490724

Locations
Japan
Amagasaki, Japan
Chikushino, Japan
Hiroshima, Japan
Ikoma, Japan
Komatsushima, Japan
Kumamoto, Japan
Moriyama, Japan
Osaka, Japan
Saitama, Japan
Tokyo, Japan
Yokohama, Japan
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K.
Investigators
Study Director: Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K., Japan Clinical Trial Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00490724     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR013903, JNS004-JPN-02
Study First Received: June 21, 2007
Results First Received: June 7, 2013
Last Updated: December 31, 2013
Health Authority: Japan: Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency

Keywords provided by Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K.:
Heart failure, congestive
Nesiritide and
JNS004

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
Natriuretic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014