Effects of Ezetimibe Add-On to Statin Therapy on Adipokine Production in Obese and Metabolic Syndrome Patients With Atherosclerosis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Schering-Plough
Information provided by:
Canadian Cardiovascular Research Network
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00485121
First received: June 8, 2007
Last updated: November 24, 2010
Last verified: May 2008
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of adding ezetimibe to statin therapy on levels of inflammatory markers and adipokines in patients with atherosclerosis disease and features of the metabolic syndrome,whose LDL-c remains above target (> 2.0 mmol/L) despite statin monotherapy.

We hypothesize that the addition of Ezetimibe (10mg per day for 12 weeks) to ongoing statin therapy in patients with atherosclerosis and features of the metabolic syndrome will favourably modify levels of inflammatory biomarkers and adipokines.


Condition Intervention
Metabolic Syndrome
Obesity
Coronary Artery Disease
Drug: Ezetimibe

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Ezetimibe Add-On to Statin Therapy on Adipokine Production in Obese and Metabolic Syndrome Patients With Atherosclerosis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Canadian Cardiovascular Research Network:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in adiponectin levels [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in CRP, PAI-1, Il-6, TNF-α, resistin, leptin levels and serum lipids (total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, Triglycerides). [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: April 2007
Study Completion Date: April 2009
Primary Completion Date: March 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in industrialized nations despite major advances in its diagnosis, treatment and prevention. While there has been a trend over the last half century showing a general decline in the age-adjusted death rates of heart disease and stroke, the increasing epidemic of obesity, followed closely by insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes will likely slow the decline and promise to reverse this trend.

Obesity mediates increased cardiovascular disease risks through multiple pathways. Adipose tissue is no longer viewed as a passive repository for triacylglycerol storage and a source of free fatty acids (FFAs). It is recognized as a rich source of proinflammatory mediators, many of which are cytokines, growth factors and hormones that directly contribute to the proinflammatory milieu mediating vascular injury, insulin resistance and ultimately impacting on cardiovascular health. These proinflammatory adipocytokines, or adipokines include tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), leptin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), angiotensinogen, resistin and more recently C-reactive protein (CRP). On the other hand, nitric oxide (NO) and another adipokine called adiponectin confer protection against inflammation and obesity-linked insulin resistance.

The evolving role of augmented adipokine production in obese and insulin resistant states in cardiovascular disease risk opens new avenues for therapeutic interventions. Treatment of the metabolic syndrome will need to embrace new strategies to reduce the burden of proinflammatory adipokines. Lifestyle intervention remains the cornerstone therapy, but considerations should also be given to a number of drugs that can decrease the inflammatory adipokines.

Ezetimibe selectively inhibits the absorption of biliary and dietary cholesterol and phytosterols at the intestinal brush border. When added to or coadministered with a statin, ezetimibe produces significant incremental LDL-C, apolipoprotein (apo) B, and triglyceride (TG) reductions, beneficial effects on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) compared to statin monotherapy, and is well tolerated with a low incidence of side effects.

It was previously demonstrated that in a 12 week trial that the addition of ezetimibe to simvastatin resulted in significant incremental reductions in CRP compared to simvastatin monotherapy.

The outlined study protocol investigates the effects of adding ezetimibe to statin therapy on levels of inflammatory markers and adipokines in patients with atherosclerosis and features of the metabolic syndrome, whose LDL-c remains above target (> 2.0 mmol/L) despite statin monotherapy.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients on statin therapy (no dose change within past 4 weeks) with LDL-c > 2mmol/l
  • Presence of atherosclerosis (CHD* and/or cerebrovascular disease** and/ or peripheral arterial disease (PAD)***) plus at least one of the following:

    1. Metabolic Syndrome (according to modified NCEP ATP III criteria, using waist circumference cut-offs of 80 cm for women and 90 cm for men in all subjects of Asian origin and cut-offs of 88 cm for women and 102 cm for men in all Caucasian subjects)
    2. Obesity (BMI > 30 Kg/m2 or waist circumference of > 102 for men and > 88 for women. For subjects of Asian origin the cutoff values should be 25, 90 and 80 respectively)

      * CHD defined as (any one of the following): previous myocardial infarction; coronary angiography demonstrating at least 50% diameter stenosis in an epicardial coronary artery or its major branch; previous percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) with or without stent implantation (atherectomy included) or previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)

      ** Cerebrovascular disease defined as (any one of the following): prior ischemic stroke, documented TIA, or flow-limiting stenosis in extracranial artery documented by Doppler or angiography.

      *** PAD defined as (any one of the following): prior peripheral arterial revascularization (PTA or surgery), amputation, or documented intermittent claudication with ABI < 0.9

      Exclusion Criteria:

      • Women who are pregnant, breast feeding, or not using a reliable method of contraception
      • Clinical signs of congestive heart failure or measured left ventricular ejection fraction <40%
      • Hemodynamically significant valvular heart disease or hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
      • Renal dysfunction (creatinine > 1.8 x ULN)
      • Hepatic disease (liver function test >1.5 x ULN [upper limit normal])
      • Other significant laboratory abnormalities that the investigator feels may compromise the patient's safety by participation in the study
      • History of systemic inflammatory disease (rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, systemic lupus erythematous), myositis/myopathic process, or cancer)
      • HIV
      • Use of steroids or chemotherapy drugs within the past year or chronic use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs besides aspirin (use for > 2 weeks within the past year);
      • Known hypersensitivity to Ezetimibe
      • Participation in another clinical study concurrently or within the 30-day phase prior to screening for entry into the present study
      • Unwilling to provide written informed consent for study participant and/or
      • Unreliability as a study participant as based on the investigator's prior knowledge of the patient, such as the inability or willingness to participate in or complete the study or the presence of concurrent physical or psychological disorders that may make it impractical for the patient to participate in or complete the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00485121

Locations
Canada, Ontario
Partners Research
Brampton, Ontario, Canada, L6V 1B4
Sponsors and Collaborators
Canadian Cardiovascular Research Network
Schering-Plough
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Milan K Gupta, MD Partners Research
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00485121     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P05080
Study First Received: June 8, 2007
Last Updated: November 24, 2010
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by Canadian Cardiovascular Research Network:
Ezetimibe
Statin
Low- density lipoprotein cholesterol
Adipokine
Adiponectin
C-reactive protein
Coronary artery disease
Metabolic Syndrome
Obesity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Obesity
Metabolic Syndrome X
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Insulin Resistance
Hyperinsulinism
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Ezetimibe
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Lipid Regulating Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014