Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT00481026
Previous Study | Return to List | Next Study

A Double Blind Sham Controlled Trial of tDCS in Treating Schizophrenia and Depression

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified May 2007 by Bayside Health.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Bayside Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00481026
First received: May 30, 2007
Last updated: May 5, 2008
Last verified: May 2007
  Purpose

The project will investigate the use of a novel technique, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia and patients with depression. tDCS involves the application of an extremely weak continuous electrical current to the brain through the placement of anode and a cathode on the scalp. The electrical current is generally completely imperceptible after initial period of tingling which takes about 30 seconds. Stimulation under the anode appears to increase brain activity where as stimulation under the cathode has the opposite effect. This research plan involves two clinical trials:

  1. A study using tDCS to treat both the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. The negative symptoms of schizophrenia such as lack of motivation and energy appear to arise due to a lack of activity in frontal brain areas. Positive symptoms such as hallucinations and confused thoughts may arise through over activity of brain areas more on the side and towards the back of the brain called the temporal cortex. We plan to apply tDCS such that it can simultaneously increased activity in these frontal brain areas and reduce activity over temporal cortex. We will compare active stimulation to a placebo condition which involves turning the stimulator off after 30 seconds. The capacity to target multiple symptom clusters is unique with this type of brain stimulation.
  2. The study using tDCS in treatment resistant depression builds on a work with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). TMS techniques in depression seem to work which increased left frontal brain activity or decrease right frontal brain activity. tDCS will be used to do the same thing with the anode used to increase left-sided brain activity and the cathode used to simultaneously decreased right-sided brain activity.

tDCS is potentially a better tolerated procedure than TMS and does not appear to have the same risk of seizure induction. Importantly, the equipment is quite inexpensive and this may prove to be an extremely safe and effective low-cost treatment for psychiatric disorders in Third World countries.


Condition Intervention
Schizophrenia
Major Depression
Device: transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)
Device: active tDCS

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double Blind Sham Controlled Trial of tDCS in Treating Schizophrenia and Depression

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bayside Health:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical Scales [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: July 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Sham Comparator: Placebo
Placebo tDCS
Device: transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)
tDCS
Active Comparator: active tDCS
active tDCS
Device: active tDCS
Active tDCS

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Schizophrenia
  • Participants will be included if they:

    1. Are voluntary and competent to consent;
    2. Have a diagnosis of Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder as confirmed by the Structure Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV (SCID-IV)
    3. Have persistent positive and negative symptoms despite having trialled, or being currently medicated, with antipsychotic medication; and
    4. are between the ages of 18 and 65.
  • Concomitant medications including:

    1. Benzodiazepines,
    2. Mood stabilizers (lithium, valproic acid)
    3. Antidepressants (including serotonin reuptake inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants) and anticholinergics will be allowed. Since carbamazepine has been shown to interfere with the effects of anodal tDCS, potential participants taking it will not be suitable for inclusion in the trial.
  • Depression
  • Participants will be included if they:

    1. Are competent to consent;
    2. Have a diagnosis of Major Depression and are currently experiencing a Major Depressive Episode as confirmed by the Structure Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV (SCID-IV);
    3. Are treatment resistant, defined as a failure to achieve a clinical response, or an inability to tolerate, an antidepressant trial of sufficient dose for at least 6 weeks; and
    4. Are between the ages of 18 and 75.
  • Concomitant medications including:

    1. Benzodiazepines,
    2. Mood stabilizers (lithium, valproic acid)
    3. Antidepressants (including serotonin reuptake inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants) and anticholinergics will be allowed. Since carbamazepine has been shown to interfere with the effects of anodal tDCS, potential participants taking it will not be suitable for inclusion in the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients will be excluded if they:

    1. Have a DSM-IV history of substance abuse or dependence in the last 6 months;
    2. Have a concomitant major and unstable medical or neurologic illness;
    3. Are currently taking carbamazepine; or,
    4. Are pregnant.
  • Patients will be withdrawn from the study if they:

    1. Withdraw consent;
    2. Experience significant clinical deterioration;
    3. Fail to tolerate the procedure; or,
    4. Develop a serious adverse event. In the event that a patient is withdrawn or drops out of the study, efforts will be made to obtain a final set of clinical, cognitive and neurophysiological measures at the time of withdrawal for a last observation carried forward analysis.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00481026

Contacts
Contact: Paul B Fitzgerald, MBBS, MPM, PhD, FRANZCP +61 3 9076 6552 ext 66552 p.fitzgerald@alfred.org.au
Contact: Kate E Hoy, BBNSci(Hons) +61 3 9076 5030 ext 65030 k.hoy@alfred.org.au

Locations
Australia, Victoria
Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre Recruiting
Prahran, Victoria, Australia, 3181
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bayside Health
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Paul B Fitzgerald, MBBS, MPM, PhD, FRANZCP Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Professor Paul Fitzgerald, Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00481026     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11707
Study First Received: May 30, 2007
Last Updated: May 5, 2008
Health Authority: Australia: Human Research Ethics Committee

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Schizophrenia
Depressive Disorder, Major
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014