Phase II Study of Lenalidomide for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin's Lymphoma
This is a single-arm, open-label Phase II study evaluating the activity of Lenalidomide in patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Lenalidomide for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin's Lymphoma|
- To assess the response rate (CR + CRu + PR) of Lenalidomide given as a daily oral dose of 25 mg on days 1 - 21 followed by 7 days of no therapy of a 28 day cycle in the treatment of a population with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma [ Time Frame: CT scans performed every two months while on therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Time to progression and response duration. Assess the toxicity. Determine the overall response rate of Lenalidomide as a daily oral dose or combined with dexamethasone Assess response determined by FDG-PET correlated with CT scan response. [ Time Frame: Radiology performed every 2 months, toxicity assessment at every clinic visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Drug: Lenalidomide (Revlimid®)
While the results of primary therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma are generally excellent, between 10-20% of patients with advanced stage disease will not enter a complete remission (CR) and between 20-30% of patients will relapse after completion of treatment. Salvage chemotherapy followed by high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has become the treatment of choice in patients with relapsed or initially chemotherapy-refractory disease.
Although high dose chemotherapy remains a curative option for the treatment of relapsed or chemotherapy-refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma, up to 50% of patients will ultimately recur post-stem cell transplant and will require further treatment.
Thalidomide is an agent that has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and anti-angiogenic properties. Thalidomide has been shown to have activity in a number of solid and hematologic malignancies, and has demonstrated effectiveness in the treatment of refractory multiple myeloma. A dose escalation study of single-agent thalidomide has been performed in heavily pre-treated patients in which two Hodgkin's patients were enrolled and did not respond to treatment. Based on the NCI experience with vinblastine, we initiated a phase II trial examining the combination of thalidomide and vinblastine in patients who were being treated palliatively for Hodgkin's lymphoma. In a heavily pre-treated group of patients (70% of cases having relapsed post-ASCT), a response rate of 40% to the combination was noted with median duration of response of over nine months.
Lenalidomide (Revlimid®) is a thalidomide derivative and the first-in-class novel immunomodulatory agent that has more potent activity as well as a more favourable toxicity profile than the parent compound. Based on the alterations demonstrated in various cytokines and angiogenic markers in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma, we feel that Lenalidomide's immunomodulatory and anti-angiogenic effects make this an ideal drug to study in this lymphoma. This will be the first study to assess Lenalidomide in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma.This is a single arm, open-label phase II multi-centre study evaluating the single agent activity of Lenalidomide in relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma. The primary endpoint is objective response rate (CR + CRu + PR) as determined by International Workshop Criteria.
Initial treatment will consist of lenalidomide 25 mg PO daily given for 21 consecutive days (days 1 - 21), with seven days off on a 28 day cycle.Patients with PR, CR or CRu, may continue on therapy for 2 cycles past best response.Patients with PD at any time or those with evidence of SD after cycle 4 of monotherapy will be eligible to receive treatment with dexamethasone 40 mg PO daily on days 1 - 4 and 15 - 18 of a 28 day cycle while continuing protocol treatment if they continue to meet the criteria of continuation on therapy.