Study on the Efficacy of Speed-Feedback Therapy for Elderly People With Dementia
The purpose of this study is to verify the efficacy of speed-feedback therapy in improving the cognitive function of elderly people with dementia by a randomized controlled trial, and to demonstrate how that affects ADL and QOL.
Device: Speed-feedback therapy system with a bicycle ergometer
Device: Ergometer at conventional settings
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Study on the Efficacy of Speed-Feedback Therapy for Elderly People With Dementia: a Randomized Controlled Trial|
- score on a scale of cognitive function immediately after completion of the 6-week intervention and 1 month after completion of the intervention
- attentiveness score immediately after completion of the intervention, and score on an ADL scale and a QOL scale immediately after completion of the intervention and 1 month after completion of the intervention
|Study Start Date:||September 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2006|
Dementia is a syndrome caused by diseases of the cerebral parenchyma, and it is a state in which cognitive functions, including attention, memory, thinking, comprehension, judgment, and computation, are diminished. Because of the mental symptoms, problem behaviors, and decreased activities of daily living (ADL) it is also recognized as a major social problem. However, rehabilitation of elderly people with dementia is still at the trial-and-error stage, and establishing a method of rehabilitation is an urgent task. In 2004, the authors devised and created a training method that integrates exercise therapy with feedback therapy to treat the cognitive dysfunction of elderly people with dementia. To do so the authors introduced speed-feedback therapy with a bicycle ergometer as a feedback therapy intervention. The results of a preliminary study of the efficacy of this method in improving cognitive dysfunction in 17 elderly persons with dementia showed improvement in cognitive dysfunction, and their attentiveness also improved, suggesting that the impaired attentiveness may have improved in response to treatment by this method and, as a result, have led to improvement of cognitive dysfunction. However, it became clear that it would be necessary to further improve and develop the system, and to demonstrate its efficacy in a controlled trial and verify associations between improvement of cognitive dysfunction and improvement of the ADL of dementia patients and their quality of life (QOL).