Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Etanercept and Methotrexate in Japanese Subjects With Rheumatoid Arthritis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00445770
First received: March 8, 2007
Last updated: August 10, 2011
Last verified: August 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of etanercept (10 mg and 25 mg) compared with methotrexate (up to 8 mg per week) on the slowing of joint destruction.


Condition Intervention Phase
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Drug: Etanercept
Drug: Methotrexate
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Multicenter, Comparative Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Etanercept and Methotrexate in Japanese Subjects With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Pfizer:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Modified Total Sharp Score (mTSS) at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    mTSS = sum of erosion and JSN scores for 44 joints (16 per hand and 6 per foot). mTSS scores ranged from 0 (normal) to 448 (worst possible total score). Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline. An increase in mTSS from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represents improvement.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Modified Total Sharp Score (mTSS) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    mTSS = sum of erosion and JSN scores for 44 joints (16 per hand and 6 per foot). mTSS scores ranged from 0 (normal) to 448 (worst possible total score). Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline. An increase in mTSS from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represents improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in Erosion Score at Weeks 24 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24, and Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Joint erosion score: erosion severity in 44 joints (16 per hand, 6 per foot). Each joint scored according to surface area involved, from 0 (no erosion) to 5 (extensive bone loss from more than one half of articulating bone). Because each side of foot joint was graded, maximum erosion score for foot joint was 10. Thus, maximum erosion score was 280. Change = score at observation minus score at Baseline. An increase in score from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in Joint Space Narrowing (JSN) Score at Weeks 24 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24, and Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    JSN score: severity of JSN in 42 joints (15 per hand and 6 per foot), including subluxation, scored from 0 (no/normal JSN) to 4 (complete loss of joint space, bony ankylosis, or luxation). Maximum JSN score was 168. Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline. An increase in score from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Percentage of Participants With no Progression of Joint Destruction at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absence of joint destruction defined by 3 categories (mTSS change <=0.5, <=3.0, and <smallest detectable difference [SDD] where SDDs were scores >3.0). mTSS = sum of erosion and JSN scores for 44 joints (16 per hand and 6 per foot). mTSS scores ranged from 0 (normal) to 448 (worst possible total score).

  • Change From Baseline in Swollen Joint Count at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    American College of Rheumatology (ACR) swollen joint count was an assessment of 68 joints. Joints classified as either swollen or not swollen. Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline, and total possible scores ranged from -68 to 68. An increase in swollen joints from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in Number of Painful Joints on Pressure or on Motion at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    71 joints assessed by the investigator using criteria based on pressure and joint manipulation. Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline, and total possible scores ranged from -71 to 71. An increase in tender joint count from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in Physician's Global Assessment of Symptoms at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Physician Global Assessment of symptoms, assessed using a 11-point rating scale, where 0=asymptomatic and 10=severe symptoms. Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline. An increase in score from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in Patient's Global Assessment at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patient's Global Assessment of symptoms, assessed using a 11-point rating scale, where 0=asymptomatic and 10=severe symptoms. Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline. An increase in score from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in Mean Duration of Morning Stiffness at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Morning stiffness in and around the joints lasting at least 1 hour before maximal improvement. Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline. An increase in stiffness duration from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in Visual Analogue Scale for Pain (VAS-pain) at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    100 millimeter (mm) line (VAS) marked by participant. Intensity of pain range (over past week): 0mm = no pain to 100mm = worst possible pain. Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline. An increase in score from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in VAS for Participant General Health at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    100mm line (VAS) marked by participant. Participants asked, "In general how would you rate your health over the last 2-3 weeks?" 0mm=very well to 100mm=extremely bad. Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline. An increase in score from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening, no change represented halting of disease progression, and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) Score at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HAQ-DI: participant-reported assessment of ability to perform tasks: 1) dress/groom; 2) arise; 3) eat; 4) walk; 5) reach; 6) grip; 7) hygiene; and 8) common activities over past week. Each item scored on 4-point Likert scale from 0 to 3: 0=no difficulty; 1=some difficulty; 2=much difficulty; 3=unable to do. Change = scores at observation minus score at Baseline and total possible scores ranged from -3 to 3. An increase in score from baseline represented disease progression and/or joint worsening and a decrease represented improvement.

  • Percentage of Participants With an American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) Response [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    ACR20 response: greater than or equal to (≥) 20 percent (%) improvement in tender joint count; ≥ 20% improvement in swollen joint count; and ≥ 20% improvement in at least 3 of 5 remaining ACR core measures: participant assessment of pain; participant global assessment of disease activity; physician global assessment of disease activity; self-assessed disability (disability index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire [HAQ]); and C-Reactive Protein (CRP).

  • Percentage of Participants With an ACR50 Response [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    ACR50 response: ≥ 50% improvement in tender joint count; ≥ 50% improvement in swollen joint count; and ≥ 50% improvement in at least 3 of 5 remaining ACR core measures: participant assessment of pain; participant global assessment of disease activity; physician global assessment of disease activity; self-assessed disability (disability index of the HAQ); and CRP.

  • Percentage of Participants With an ACR70 Response [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    ACR70 response: ≥ 70% improvement in tender joint count; ≥ 70% improvement in swollen joint count; and ≥ 70% improvement in at least 3 of 5 remaining ACR core measures: participant assessment of pain; participant global assessment of disease activity; physician global assessment of disease activity; self-assessed disability (disability index of the HAQ); and CRP.

  • Change From Baseline in Disease Activity Score (DAS) at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DAS: weighted calculation of joint tenderness score (Ritchie Articular Index[RAI]), swollen joint count of 44 joints, natural logarithm (ln) of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in millimeters per hour (mm/hr), and general health (GH) using VAS. RAI defined as sum of 26 possible 0 to 3 tender scores. DAS = 0.53938 square root (√) (RAI) + 0.06465 (swollen joint count) + 0.330 (ln ESR) + 0.00722 (GH). Change from baseline = DAS at Week x minus Baseline DAS. Total DAS scores could range from 10 (worse outcome) to 0 (better outcome).

  • Change From Baseline in Disease Activity Score in 28 Joints (DAS28) at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DAS based on 28 painful joint counts, 28 swollen joint counts, ESR, and GH. DAS28 score calculated as 0.56 √ (28 painful joint count) + 0.28 √ (28 swollen joint count) + 0.70 (ln ESR mm/hr) + 0.014 GH. Change from baseline = DAS at Week x minus Baseline DAS. Total DAS scores could range from 10 (worse outcome) to 0 (better outcome).

  • Change From Baseline in C-reactive Protein (CRP) at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CRP: marker of inflammation. Higher level consistent with inflammation. Normal CRP range: 0 to 1.0 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).

  • Change From Baseline in Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    ESR: laboratory test that provided a non-specific measure of inflammation. The test assessed the rate at which red blood cells fell in a test tube and was measured in mm/hour. Normal range: 0-30mm/h. Higher rate consistent with inflammation.


Enrollment: 550
Study Start Date: July 2006
Study Completion Date: July 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Drug: Etanercept
10 mg twice weekly, subcutaneous injection for 52 weeks
Experimental: 2 Drug: Etanercept
25 mg, twice weekly, subcutaneous injection for 52 weeks
Active Comparator: 3 Drug: Methotrexate
up to 8 mg per week, oral dosing for 52 weeks

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be Japanese and live in Japan
  • Must be age 20 to 75 years
  • Diagnosed less than or equal to 10 years from time of first visit

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Anyone who has received etanercept or TNF-inhibitors such as infliximab or adalimumab in the past
  • Patient with other rheumatic diseases or conditions that could predispose the patient to infection
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00445770

Locations
Japan
Pfizer Investigational Site
Nagoya, Aichi, Japan, 460-0001
Pfizer Investigational Site
Nagoya, Aichi, Japan, 4678602
Pfizer Investigational Site
Goshogawara, Aomori, Japan, 037-0053
Pfizer Investigational Site
Asahi, Chiba, Japan, 289-2511
Pfizer Investigational Site
Matsuyama, Ehime, Japan, 790-8524
Pfizer Investigational Site
Iizuka, Fukuoka, Japan, 820-8505
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan, 830-8543
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan, 8390863
Pfizer Investigational Site
Munakata, Fukuoka, Japan, 8113431
Pfizer Investigational Site
Takasaki, Gunma, Japan, 370-0053
Pfizer Investigational Site
Asahikawa, Hokkaido, Japan, 078-8243
Pfizer Investigational Site
Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, 060-0001
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kakogawa, Hyogo, Japan, 6750009
Pfizer Investigational Site
Katoh, Hyougo, Japan, 673-1462
Pfizer Investigational Site
Yuki, Ibaraki, Japan, 307-0001
Pfizer Investigational Site
Komatsu, Ishikawa, Japan, 923-8560
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan, 2120014
Pfizer Investigational Site
Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan, 228-8522
Pfizer Investigational Site
Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan, 2310045
Pfizer Investigational Site
Sendai, Miyagi, Japan, 9820032
Pfizer Investigational Site
Hyuga, Miyazaki, Japan, 8830043
Pfizer Investigational Site
Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan, 857-1195
Pfizer Investigational Site
Ikoma, Nara, Japan, 630-0293
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kawagoe, Saitama, Japan, 350-8550
Pfizer Investigational Site
Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan, 359-1111
Pfizer Investigational Site
Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan, 113-8549
Pfizer Investigational Site
Ota, Tokyo, Japan, 1438541
Pfizer Investigational Site
Sumida-ku, Tokyo, Japan, 130-0013
Pfizer Investigational Site
Fukui, Japan, 9108561
Pfizer Investigational Site
Fukuoka, Japan, 8150063
Pfizer Investigational Site
Fukuoka, Japan, 814-0002
Pfizer Investigational Site
Fukuoka, Japan, 815-8588
Pfizer Investigational Site
Hiroshima, Japan, 7300031
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kagoshima, Japan, 891-0133
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kagoshima, Japan, 8900067
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kato city Fujita letter Higashiyama, Japan, 944-25
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kumamoto, Japan, 862-0976
Pfizer Investigational Site
Kumamoto, Japan, 8620965
Pfizer Investigational Site
Miyagi, Japan, 9810112
Pfizer Investigational Site
Miyazaki, Japan, 8800122
Pfizer Investigational Site
Toyama, Japan, 9338525
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Investigators
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Director, Clinical Trial Disclosure Group, Pfizer, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00445770     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0881A1-315, B1801002
Study First Received: March 8, 2007
Results First Received: July 12, 2011
Last Updated: August 10, 2011
Health Authority: Japan: Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency

Keywords provided by Pfizer:
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Arthritis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Arthritis
Autoimmune Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Immunoglobulin G
Methotrexate
TNFR-Fc fusion protein
Abortifacient Agents
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Gastrointestinal Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014