Jet Injection of 1% Buffered Lidocaine Versus Topical ELA-Max for Anesthesia Prior to Intravenous (IV) Catheterization in Children
This trial is a comparison of the anesthetic effectiveness of J-Tip needle-free jet injection of 1% buffered lidocaine to the anesthetic effectiveness of topical 4% ELA-Max for peripheral intravenous catheter (PIV) insertion. The researchers hypothesize that the jet injection of lidocaine will provide superior anesthesia to the ELA-Max prior to PIV insertion.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Jet Injection of 1% Buffered Lidocaine Versus Topical ELA-Max for Anesthesia Prior to Peripheral Intravenous Catheterization in Children|
- VAS pain scores for the PIV insertion as judged by the patients and the blinded observer.
- Secondary outcome measures included patient and blinded observer VAS scores for pain of jet injection, patient and blinded observer scores for anxiety of PIV insertion, nursing satisfaction of placing the PIV with jet injection or ELA-Maxâ, nursing diffi
|Study Start Date:||April 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2006|
A prospective, block-randomized, controlled trial comparing J-Tip jet injection of 1% buffered lidocaine to a 30-minute application of 4% ELA-Max for topical anesthesia in children 8-15 years old presenting to a tertiary care pediatric emergency department for PIV insertion. All subjects recorded self-reported Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores for pain at time of enrollment and pain of PIV insertion. Jet injection subjects also recorded pain of jet injection. Subjects were videotaped during jet injection and PIV insertion. Videotapes were reviewed by a single blinded reviewer for observer-reported VAS pain scores for jet injection and PIV insertion.
|United States, Kentucky|
|Kosair Children's Hospital|
|Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40202|
|Study Director:||In K Kim, MD||Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Kosair Children’s Hospital, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky|