A Study of ThermoDox™ in Combination With Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) in Primary and Metastatic Tumors of the Liver

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Celsion
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00441376
First received: February 26, 2007
Last updated: December 16, 2009
Last verified: December 2009
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ThermoDox when used in combination with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of primary and metastatic tumors of the liver.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Drug: ThermoDox
Phase 1

Celsion has indicated that access to an investigational treatment associated with this study is available outside the clinical trial.  

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Dose Escalation Tolerability Study of ThermoDox™ (Thermally Sensitive Liposomal Doxorubicin) in Combination With Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) of Primary and Metastatic Tumors of the Liver

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Celsion:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of systemically delivered, heat-activated liposome encapsulated doxorubicin (ThermoDox) in combination with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of liver neoplasms. [ Time Frame: 1 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To test alternative infusion reaction prophylaxis regimens [ Time Frame: 48 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To assess the safety of ThermoDox plus RFA afer administration of potential multiple cycles [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To determine the Pharmacokinetics (PK) of ThermoDox [ Time Frame: 48 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To document any anti-tumor activity and assess recurrences. [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To measure post ablation lesion volume. [ Time Frame: 1 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine the cardiotoxicity of ThermoDox through enhanced ECG monitoring. [ Time Frame: 48 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: February 2007
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: ThermoDox
    15 ml vial containing 2mg/ml Doxorubicin HCl, DPPC, MSPC, DSPE-MPEG 2000. Administered as single dose intravenously over 30 minutes. Dose is determined by dose cohort patient enters study.
Detailed Description:

Ablative treatment approaches, such as RFA or microwave ablation, have received increased attention as alternates to other treatment approaches such as hepatic arterial embolization or chemoembolization (TACE) or percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) in the majority of patients who are either not candidates for surgical resection or are not offered palliative supportive care only for diffuse disease. RFA can be applied repetitively to the same patient to treat multiple tumors at time of diagnosis or upon tumor recurrence (local or distant to the site of ablation), and is largely limited in its application only by tumor location and size (tumors near larger vessels, bowel or the hepatobiliary tree are more difficult to ablate). To extend the volume of the ablation region in a controlled fashion in patients and to improve the ability to kill tumor cells in the ablation margin region and allow for the improved treatment of HCC and MLC lesions > 3 cm in diameter by complete thermal ablation, Celsion Corporation has developed ThermoDox, a thermally sensitive, intravenously administered liposomal formulation of doxorubicin capable of selectively releasing its drug contents when exposed to temperatures of > 39.5°C. The concept behind this treatment approach is to create a large concentration gradient of doxorubicin in the immediate region of the tumor which borders the zone of RFA induced cell necrosis. The temperature isotherms produced in this boundary region should be adequate to activate doxorubicin release by the thermally sensitive liposomes deposited locally around the ablation zone. This in effect increases the region of tissue that can be treated beyond that achievable by RFA alone. Several clinical objectives are being tested in this study. The MTD for ThermoDox is to be confirmed. This study will assess the safety of using ThermoDox in conjunction with RFA over multiple cycles, consistent with the clinical needs of the subjects. While this study is not powered to define effectiveness of the combination of RFA plus ThermoDox, the results of this study should allow for an assessment of risk and benefit for designing future studies. This study will also test alternative infusion reaction prophylaxis regimens.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be 18 years of age or older.
  • Are willing to sign an informed consent form, indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of this study that is in keeping with the policies of the institution.
  • Have a diagnosis of metastatic liver cancer (MLC) or primary hepatocellular cancer (HCC) confined to the liver.
  • Be an appropriate candidate for receiving RFA as a medically indicated treatment.
  • Have an echocardiogram revealing an Ejection Fraction (EF) ≥ 50%.
  • Willing to return to the study site for their imaging scans.
  • Have life expectancy of ≥ 3 months.
  • Have ECOG performance status of 0-2 or Karnofsky score of 60-100% (see Appendix II).
  • Have no more than Childs-Pugh Class B liver disease.
  • Subjects must have no prior doxorubicin exposure.
  • No single lesion should be > 7 cm in maximum diameter.
  • Subjects must agree to receive no other systemic therapy from the time of study enrollment until a minimum of 21 days after their ThermoDox infusion

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have serious medical illnesses including, but not limited to, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebral vascular accident within the last six months, or life threatening cardiac arrhythmias.
  • Are pregnant or breast feeding. In women of childbearing potential, a negative pregnancy test (serum) is required at baseline, 1 month and each 3 month follow-up visit.
  • Are not practicing an acceptable form of birth control (i.e. diaphragm, cervical cap, condom, surgical sterility or birth control pills. Woman whose husband has undergone a vasectomy must use a second form of birth control).
  • Have known serious allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) to any of the drugs or liposomal components or imaging agents to be used in this study.
  • Have portal or hepatic vein invasion/thrombosis.
  • Have PT or PTT > 1.5 times the institution's upper normal limit (UNL), except in subjects who are therapeutically anticoagulated for non-related medical conditions such as atrial fibrillation.
  • Have platelet count > 75,000/mm3, absolute neutrophil count > 1500/mm3, or Hgb > 10 (unless the hemoglobin value has been stable, the subject is cardiovascularly stable, asymptomatic and judged able to withstand the RFA
  • Have serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dl (or calculated CrCl ≤ 60mL/min).
  • Have contraindications to receiving doxorubicin HCl.
  • Are being treated with other investigational agents (within a minimum of 30 days or 5 half-lives of the investigational agent).
  • Have other concurrent malignancy (subjects with benign or non aggressive malignant tumors-e.g.: squamous cell cancer of the skin-may be included), evidence of extrahepatic cancer from their primary malignancy, or ongoing, medically significant active infection.
  • Documented HIV positive.
  • NYHA class III or IV cardiovascular disease or LVEF < 50%.
  • Evidence of hemachromatosis.
  • Are on any of the medications listed in section 6.3, which could have an adverse effect when combined with the study drug, and who cannot stop the medication for the duration of the study and 30 days beyond the treatment.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00441376

Locations
United States, New York
Northshore Hospital - Long Island Jewish Health System
Manhasset, New York, United States, 11030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Celsion
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Nicholas Borys, MD/ Chief Medical Officer, Celsion Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00441376     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 104-06-101-01
Study First Received: February 26, 2007
Last Updated: December 16, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Celsion:
Radiofrequency ablation
RFA
Doxorubicin
Liposome
HCC
MLC
hepatocellular carcinoma
liver tumor
tumor
ablation
heat therapy
anti-tumor
liver cancer
metastatic liver cancer (MLC)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Adenocarcinoma
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014