Higher Dose Intradermal H5 Vaccine

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00439335
First received: February 22, 2007
Last updated: March 28, 2013
Last verified: August 2009
  Purpose

This study will compare the influenza A/H5N1 virus vaccine given by injection in the muscle versus injection in the skin in healthy adults. The study will look at the safety of the injections, how the body reacts, and what the body's immune response does when the vaccine is given in the muscle versus in the skin. The study will look at 226 healthy volunteers, ages 18-49 years old. Study procedures will include getting 2 doses of vaccine 28 days apart, physical exams, follow-up clinic visits to check the places on the body where each vaccine was given, and blood sample collections. Volunteers will complete a memory aid by writing down temperatures and health changes for 7 days after each vaccination. Volunteers will be involved in the study for up to 241 days.


Condition Intervention Phase
Influenza
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A Vaccine A/H5N1
Drug: Placebo (IM)
Drug: Placebo (ID)
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I/II Randomized, Double-Blinded Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety, Reactogenicity, and Immunogenicity of Immunization With Inactivated Subvirion Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine Administered by the Intradermal or the Intramuscular Route Among Healthy Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Achieving a 4-fold or Greater Increase in HAI Antibody Titers After Dose 2 [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants in each vaccine group achieving a 4-fold or greater increase in serum hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) antibody titers against influenza A/H5N1 virus 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine

  • Number of Participants Spontaneously Reporting Any Serious Adverse Event. [ Time Frame: Through Day 208. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Any untoward medical occurrence that resulted in death, persistent/significant disability/incapacity, required in-patient hospitalization or prolongation thereof, was life threatening or a congenital anomaly/birth defect in offspring of a study subject; or may have jeopardized the participant or required intervention to prevent one of the outcomes.

  • Occurrence of Unsolicited Symptoms During a 28-day Surveillance Period Following Vaccinations at Days 0 and 28. [ Time Frame: Through approximately Day 56 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants spontaneously reporting any symptom (defined as any Adverse Event considered associated with the product) within 28 days of vaccination. Participants are counted only once but may have experienced events on multiple occasions.

  • Occurrence of Solicited Systemic Symptoms During a 7-day Surveillance Period (Systematically Collected) Following Vaccinations at Days 0 and 28. [ Time Frame: 7 days after each vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants reporting fever, feverishness, malaise, myalgia, headache and nausea. Participants are counted only once for each symptom but may have experienced symptoms on multiple occasions.

  • Occurrence of Solicited Local Symptoms During a 7-day Surveillance Period (Systematically Collected) Following Vaccinations at Days 0 and 28. [ Time Frame: 7 days after each vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants reporting pain, tenderness, itching, induration, erythema, and pigmentation. Participants are counted only once for each symptom but may have experienced symptoms on multiple occasions.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • HAI Geometric Mean Titer (GMT) After Dose 2 [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HAI geometric mean titer (GMT) against influenza A/H5N1 virus in each vaccine group 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine.

  • Number of Participants Achieving a HAI Titer of Greater Than or Equal to 40 After Dose 2 [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 56 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants achieving a serum HAI titer of greater than or equal to 40 against influenza A/H5N1 virus in each vaccine group 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine

  • Number of Participants Achieving a 4-fold or Greater Increase in HAI Antibody Titers After Dose 1. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants achieving a 4-fold or greater increase in HAI antibody titers against influenza A/H5N1 virus in each vaccine group one month after receipt of the first dose.

  • HAI GMT After Dose 1 [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HAI GMT against influenza A/H5N1 virus one month after receipt of the first dose of vaccine.

  • Number of Participants Achieving a Serum HAI Titer of Greater Than or Equal to 40 After Dose 1. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants achieving a serum HAI titer of greater than or equal to 40 against influenza A/H5N1 virus in each vaccine group one month after receipt of the first dose of vaccine.

  • Number of Participants Achieving a 4-fold or Greater Increase in HAI Antibody Titers 7 Months After Dose 1. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 208 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants achieving a 4-fold or greater increase in HAI antibody titers against influenza A/H5N1 virus in each vaccine group seven months after receipt of the first dose of vaccine.

  • HAI GMT at 7 Months After Dose 1 [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 208 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HAI GMT against influenza A/H5N1 virus in each vaccine group seven months after receipt of the first dose of vaccine.

  • Number of Participants Achieving a Serum HAI Titer of Greater Than or Equal to 40 at 7 Months After Dose 1. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 208 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants achieving a serum HAI titer of greater than or equal to 40 against influenza A/H5N1 virus in each vaccine group 7 months after receipt of the first dose of vaccine.


Enrollment: 227
Study Start Date: March 2007
Study Completion Date: February 2008
Primary Completion Date: February 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: H5 HA IM
Vaccine group H5 HA IM: the subject will receive 0.1 mL of H5 HA by the IM route in one arm and 0.1 mL of saline placebo by the ID route in the other arm.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A Vaccine A/H5N1
Inactivated influenza A/H5N1 vaccine formulated to a concentration of HA greater than or equal to 300 mcg/mL administered via intramuscular (IM) injection. Vaccine will be administered to each subject at Days 0 and 28.
Drug: Placebo (ID)
The placebo will be 0.1 mL of saline administered by the ID route.
Experimental: H5 HA ID
Vaccine group H5 HA ID: the subject will receive 0.1 mL of H5 HA by the ID route in one arm and 0.1 mL of saline placebo by the IM route in the other arm.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A Vaccine A/H5N1
Inactivated influenza A/H5N1 vaccine formulated to a concentration of HA greater than or equal to 300 mcg/mL administered via intradermal (ID) injection. Vaccine will be administered to each subject at Days 0 and 28.
Drug: Placebo (IM)
The placebo will be 0.1 mL of saline administered by the IM route.

Detailed Description:

Influenza A viruses have the potential to cause worldwide epidemics and/or pandemics resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Two-hundred twenty-six healthy male and female subjects aged 18 to 49 years, inclusive, in the United States (US) will be enrolled into this single-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of intradermal (ID) and intramuscular (IM) injection with subvirion (SV) inactivated influenza A/H5N1 vaccine. The study will have two vaccine groups. Vaccine group 1: the subject will receive 0.1 mL of H5 Hemagglutination (HA) by the ID route in one arm and 0.1 mL of saline placebo by the IM route in the other arm. Vaccine group 2: the subject will receive 0.1 mL of H5 HA by the IM route in one arm and 0.1 mL of saline placebo by the ID route in the other arm. All eligible subjects will be enrolled and randomized 1:1 (113 subjects per vaccine group) to either vaccine group 1 or vaccine group 2. All subjects will receive two doses of approximately 30micrograms of H5 HA by their assigned route, either IM or ID, separated by approximately 28 days. At each vaccination visit, all subjects will also receive a saline placebo in the opposite arm by the different route as their vaccine route (i.e. if vaccine is administered by the ID route in one arm, then a saline placebo will be administered by the IM route in the opposite arm). The second vaccine dose will be administered by the same route as per vaccine group assigned at original randomization. Subjects will be observed in the clinic for approximately 15 minutes after each vaccination. Subjects will return on Day 2 for arm check and assessment of adverse events. All subjects will maintain a memory aid recording oral temperature, and systemic and local adverse events for 7 days after each vaccination. They will return to clinic on Day 8 for adverse event (AE) assessment, concomitant medication assessment, a targeted physical exam (if indicated), and review of memory aid. AE data will be captured Day 0 through Day 56. Serious AE data will be captured from Day 0 through the end of each subject's participation in the study (approximately 7 months). The subjects, staff assessing subjects, and lab personnel will be blinded. Serum for immunogenicity evaluations will be obtained prior to the first vaccination, at Day 0; prior to the second vaccination, at Day 28; on Day 56 and approximately Day 208 (7months after dose 1). The primary objectives are to compare the immunogenicity of a similar dosage level of a subvirion inactivated influenza A/H5N1 vaccine given by ID or IM injection one month after receipt of the second dose of vaccine and to compare the safety and reactogenicity of ID and IM immunization at a similar dosage level of a subvirion inactivated influenza A/H5N1 vaccine among healthy young adults. The secondary objective is to evaluate serum antibody responses approximately 1 and 7 months after the first vaccination. This study is linked to Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases protocol 07-0022.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 49 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or non-pregnant female between the ages of 18 and 49 years, inclusive.
  • Women of childbearing potential (not surgically sterile or post menopausal for greater than or equal to 1 year) must agree to practice adequate contraception (i.e., barrier method, abstinence, intrauterine devices, or licensed hormonal methods) for the entire study period.
  • Is in good health, as determined by vital signs (heart rate less than 100 beats per minute; blood pressure: systolic less than or equal to 140 mm Hg and greater than or equal to 90 mm Hg; diastolic less than or equal to 90 mm Hg; oral temperature less than 100.0 degrees Fahrenheit), medical history to ensure stable medical condition (see definition below) and a targeted physical examination based on medical history.

Stable medical condition - no recent change in prescription medication, dose, or frequency of medication in the last 3 months and health outcomes of the specific disease are considered to be within acceptable limits in the last 6 months. Any change that is due to change of health care provider, insurance company, etc, or is done for financial reasons, as long as in the same class of medication, will not be considered a violation of the inclusion criterion. Any change to prescription medication due to improvement of a disease outcome will not be considered a violation of the inclusion criterion.

  • Able to understand and comply with planned study procedures.
  • Provides written informed consent prior to initiation of any study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has a known allergy to eggs or other components of the vaccine.
  • Has a positive urine or serum pregnancy test prior to vaccination (if female of childbearing potential), is breastfeeding, or has the intention to become pregnant during the study period.
  • Immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment, or use of anti-cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the preceding 36 months.
  • Has an active neoplastic disease or a history of any hematologic malignancy.
  • Long term use of oral or parenteral steroids, high-dose inhaled steroids (greater than 800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within the preceding 6 months (nasal and topical steroids are allowed).
  • Has a history of receiving immunoglobulin or other blood product within the 3 months prior to vaccination in this study.
  • Has a diagnosis of schizophrenia, Bi-polar disease or other major psychiatric diagnosis.
  • Has been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt or confinement for danger to self or others.
  • Is receiving psychiatric drugs (aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, haloperidol, molindone, loxapine, thioridazine, thiothixene, pimozide, fluphenazine, risperidone, mesoridazine, quetiapine, trifluoperazine, trifluopromazine, chlorprothixene, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, olanzapine, carbamazepine, divalproex sodium, lithium carbonate or lithium citrate). Subjects who are receiving a single antidepressant drug and are stable for at least 3 months prior to enrollment, without de-compensating symptoms will be allowed to be enrolled in the study.
  • Has received any other licensed vaccines within 2 weeks (for inactivated vaccines) or 4 weeks (for live vaccines) prior to vaccination in this study.
  • Has an acute or chronic medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would render vaccination unsafe or would interfere with the evaluation of responses (this includes, but is not limited to: known chronic liver disease, significant renal disease, unstable or progressive neurological disorders, diabetes mellitus, and transplant recipients).
  • Has a history of severe reactions following immunization with contemporary influenza virus vaccines.
  • Has a moderate to severe acute illness and/or an oral temperature greater than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, within 1 week of vaccination.
  • Known active human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection.
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse in the 5 years prior to enrollment.
  • Presence of any active skin disease on upper arms that could impact study product delivery or site assessment.
  • Has a history of Guillain Barre syndrome.
  • Received an experimental agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) within 1 month prior to vaccination in this study, or expects to receive an experimental agent during the 7-month study period.
  • Participated in an Influenza A/H5 vaccine study in the past in a group receiving vaccine (but does not exclude documented placebo recipients).
  • Is enrolled or planning to enroll in another interventional trial at any time between receipt of the first dose of vaccine and the end of the study (approximately 7 months after receipt of the first dose).
  • Has any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place the subject at an unacceptable risk of injury or render the subject unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00439335

Locations
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00439335     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-0089
Study First Received: February 22, 2007
Results First Received: March 24, 2009
Last Updated: March 28, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Influenza, vaccine, A/H5N1

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014