Brain Metastases In ErbB2-Positive Breast Cancer

This study has been terminated.
(Lapatinib-topotecan arm enrollment closed early per protocol amendment 2. Then enrollment into remaining arm terminated due to operational issues.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00437073
First received: February 15, 2007
Last updated: October 25, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
  Purpose

This study is for patients with ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer that has spread to the brain and is still progressing there even after radiation treatment using WBRT (whole brain radiotherapy) or SRS (stereotactic radiosurgery) to the brain. The study will determine how safe and effective lapatinib is when given in combination with capecitabine to treat patients with ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer that has spread to the brain. Lapatinib is an oral drug that will be taken every day. Tests for safety and efficacy will be performed regularly during the course of the study.


Condition Intervention Phase
Neoplasms, Breast
Drug: capecitabine
Drug: topotecan
Drug: lapatinib
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Study EGF107671 - a Phase II Study of Lapatinib Plus Topotecan or Lapatinib Plus Capecitabine in the Treatment of Recurrent Brain Metastases From ErbB2-Positive Breast Cancer Following Cranial Radiotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Central Nervous System (CNS) Objective Response (OR) [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CNS OR is defined as the number of participants with either a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) as assessed by volumetric analysis of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST). CR: complete resolution of all evaluable and non-evaluable brain metastases; PR: =>50% reduction in the volumetric sum of all evaluable brain metastases compared to baseline.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated CNS Responses [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CNS responses were assessed by volumetric (V) analysis of brain MRI and RECIST. CR: complete resolution of all evaluable and non-evaluable brain metastases (BMs). PR: =>50% reduction in the V sum of all evaluable BMs compared to baseline. A response of "Other" was used for participants who discontinued the study prior to the first efficacy assessment. Stable Disease (SD): disease that does not meet CR, PR, or CNS progression criteria. Progressive disease (PD): a requirement for a new steroid or an increasing steroid dose for the treatment of worsening neurological signs/symptoms due to BMs.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of CNS Objective Response (Defined as the Time From the First Documented Evidence of CNS PR or CR Until the First Documented Sign of Disease Progression or Death, if Sooner) [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CNS OR is defined as the number of participants with either a CR or PR as assessed by volumetric analysis of brain MRI and RECIST. CR: complete resolution of all evaluable and non-evaluable brain metastases; PR: =>50% reduction in the volumetric sum of all evaluable brain metastases compared to baseline. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough participants enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.

  • Percentage of Participants With Clinical Benefit [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical benefit is defined as CR (complete resolution of all evaluable and non-evaluable brain metastases), PR (=>50% reduction in the volumetric sum of all evaluable brain metastases compared to baseline), or stable disease (disease that does not meet CR, PR, or CNS progression criteria) for at least 6 months. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough participants enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.

  • Percentage of Participants (Par.) With Objective Response by RECIST in Non-CNS Disease [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Non-CNS disease (for par. with measurable baseline non-CNS disease) OR is defined as the number of par. with either a CR or PR as assessed by computed tomography (CT) or MRI scan and RECIST. CR: disappearance of all target lesions; PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter (LD) of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum LD. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough par. enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.

  • Time to CNS Objective Response (Defined as the Time From the Start of Treatment Until the First Documented Evidence of Partial or Complete Tumor Response [Whichever Status is Recorded First]) [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CNS OR is defined as the number of participants with either a CR or PR as assessed by volumetric analysis of brain MRI and RECIST. CR: complete resolution of all evaluable and non-evaluable brain metastases; PR: =>50% reduction in the volumetric sum of all evaluable brain metastases compared to baseline. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough participants enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Site of Initial Disease Progression [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The site of initial disease will be determined by taking the earliest date of known progression and assigning the appropriate category (CNS or non-CNS) based on the source of the earliest date. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough participants enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.

  • Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival is defined as the time from the start of treatment until the first documented sign of disease progression at any site or death due to any cause, if sooner. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough participants enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from the start of treatment until death due to any cause. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough participants enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.

  • Percentage of Participants With Baseline Tumor-related (TR) Neurological Signs and Symptoms (NSS), Who Experienced Improvement in NSS as Measured by the Neurological Examination Worksheet (NEW) [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    TR NSS was to be recorded by the Investigator on the NEW, using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 3.0 (CTCAE V3.0). Improvement was to be defined as a decrease of 1 or more CTCAE grades from baseline of any TR NSS. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough participants enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.

  • Percentage of Participants With Disease Stabilization for 6 Months or More [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage participants with disease stabiliztion for 6 months or more were defined as those treated participants with a best CNS objective response of SD whose disease stabilization lasted 6 months or more from the start of treatment. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough participants enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.

  • Percentage of Participants With a >=20% Volumetric Reduction in CNS Lesions [ Time Frame: Baseline; from the start of treatment until disease progression, death, or discontinuation from the study, up to a maximum of Week 88 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of participants with a >=20% volumetric reduction in CNS lesions was defined as the percentage of treated participants achieving at least a 20% volumetric reduction in CNS lesions relative to baseline. This study was closed before full enrollment was achieved; thus, predefined secondary efficacy endpoints were not assessed because there were not enough participants enrolled in the study to provide statistically valid analyses.


Enrollment: 22
Study Start Date: May 2007
Study Completion Date: February 2010
Primary Completion Date: January 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: lapatinib plus capecitabine
A total of 55 isubjects will be enrolled into this arm. Subjects with progression of CNS and/or non-CNS disease will be considered progressors. At the time of radiographically-documented CNS and/or non-CNS disease progression, a subject randomized to this arm will be allowed to cross over to the alternative arm.
Drug: capecitabine
capecitabine 2000mg/m2/day orally, Days 1-14, every 21 days
Other Name: Xeloda
Drug: lapatinib
lapatinib administered 1250mg once daily orally
Other Name: Tykerb/Tyverb
Experimental: lapatinib + topotecan
A total of 55 isubjects will be enrolled into this arm. Subjects with progression of CNS and/or non-CNS disease will be considered progressors. At the time of radiographically-documented CNS and/or non-CNS disease progression, a subject randomized to this arm will be allowed to cross over to the alternative arm.
Drug: topotecan
topotecan intravenous (IV, in the vien) 3.2mg/m2 Days 1, 8 and 15; every 28 days
Other Name: Hycamtin
Drug: lapatinib
lapatinib administered 1250mg once daily orally
Other Name: Tykerb/Tyverb

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

Subjects eligible for enrollment in the study must meet all of the following criteria:

  • Signed written informed consent;
  • Females or males age ≥ 18 years old;
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0-1;
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks;
  • Subjects must have histologically or cytologically confirmed invasive breast cancer, with Stage IV disease;
  • ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer, defined as 3+ staining by immunohistochemistry (IHC), or 2+ staining by IHC in conjunction with ErbB 2 gene amplification by FISH, or ErbB 2 gene amplification by FISH alone (in subjects whose tumor blocks were not assessed by IHC). Subjects with tumors that are 2+ by IHC but negative or borderline by FISH assay are ineligible. For subjects with a history of more than one primary breast cancer, each breast cancer must be ErbB2 overexpressing to be eligible;
  • ErbB2 overexpressing breast cancer, defined as 3+ staining by immunohistochemistry (IHC), or 2+ staining by IHC in conjunction with ErbB2 gene amplification by FISH, or ErbB2 gene amplification by FISH alone (in subjects whose tumor blocks were not assessed by IHC). ErbB2 gene amplification is defined by: > 6 ErbB2 gene copies/nucleus for test systems without an internal control probe or an ErbB2/CEP 17 ratio of more than 2.2. Subjects with tumors that are 2+ by IHC but negative or borderline by FISH assay are ineligible. For subjects with a history of more than one primary breast cancer, each breast cancer must be ErbB2 overexpressing to be eligible;
  • Prior treatment of brain metastases with WBRT and/or SRS;
  • Unequivocal evidence of new and / or progressive lesions in the brain on an imaging study; Note: Subjects with progressive brain lesions are not required to meet RECIST criteria for CNS progression in order to be eligible for this study.
  • Prior treatment with trastuzumab, either alone or in combination with chemotherapy is required. Trastuzumab will be discontinued at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment on study;
  • Cardiac ejection fraction within institutional range of normal as measured by echocardiogram. Subjects who require cardiac medications (e.g. positive inotropic agents or afterload reducers) for normal ejection fraction are ineligible. MUGA scans will be accepted in cases where an echocardiogram cannot be performed or is inconclusive;
  • At least 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy, last chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or hormonal therapy for cancer, and sufficiently recovered or stabilized from side effects associated with prior therapy. Concurrent treatment with bisphosphonates is permitted;
  • At least 3 weeks since major surgical procedures;
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medications;
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and must use an approved contraceptive method, if appropriate (for example, intrauterine device [IUD], birth control pills, or barrier device) beginning 2 weeks before the first dose of investigational product and for 28 days after the final dose of investigational product. Males able to father a child must practice adequate methods of birth control or practice complete abstinence from intercourse from the first dose of investigational treatment until one week after the final dose of investigational treatment.
  • Subjects must complete all screening assessments as outlined in the protocol;
  • Normal organ and marrow function as defined by these LABORATORY VALUES : ANC (absolute neutrophil count) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L; Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL (after transfusion if needed); Platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L; Albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL; Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5x ULN unless due to Gilbert's syndrome; AST and ALT ≤ 5x ULN if documented liver metastases ≤ 3x ULN without liver metastases; Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.2 mg/dL or Calculated Creatinine Clearance1 ≥ 50 mL/min

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects meeting any of the following criteria must not be enrolled in the study:

  • Subjects who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to entering the study or who have unresolved or unstable, serious toxicity from prior administration of another investigational drug and/or of prior cancer treatment;
  • Concurrent treatment with an investigational agent or participation in another treatment clinical trial;
  • Prior therapy with a topoisomerase 1 inhibitor;
  • Prior lapatinib therapy;
  • Prior therapy with capecitabine;
  • Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency;
  • ECOG Performance Status 2 or greater;
  • Subjects receiving concurrent chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy (including an ErbB1 and/or ErbB2 inhibitor), or hormonal therapy for treatment of their cancer. Hormone therapy for ovarian suppression which has been used for > 6 months, during which time there has been disease progression in the brain, is allowed. Concurrent treatment with bisphosphonates is allowed;
  • Subjects with evidence of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis at screening;
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical composition (quinazolines) to lapatinib;
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds chemically related to capecitabine, fluorouracil or any excipients;
  • Concurrent treatment with medications listed as Prohibited Medications;
  • Malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel. Subjects with active, uncontrolled ulcerative colitis are also excluded;
  • History of immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction to gadolinium contrast agents, or other contraindication to gadolinium contrast;
  • Other known contraindication to MRI, such as a cardiac pacemaker, implanted cardiac defibrillator, brain aneurysm clips, cochlear implant, ocular foreign body, or shrapnel;
  • Concurrent disease or condition that would make the subject inappropriate for study participation or any serious medical or psychiatric disorder that would interfere with the subject's safety;
  • Anticoagulant therapy (other than coumadin or aspirin as catheter prophylaxis) at study entry;
  • Dementia, altered mental status, or any psychiatric condition that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent, unless a legally acceptable representative could provide informed consent (if in accord with the policies of the local Ethics Committee);
  • Pre-existing severe cerebral vascular disease, such as stroke involving a major vessel, CNS vasculitis, or malignant hypertension;
  • Active cardiac disease, defined as one or more of the following:
  • History of uncontrolled or symptomatic angina
  • History of arrhythmias requiring medications, or clinically significant
  • Myocardial infarction < 6 months from study entry
  • Uncontrolled or symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • Ejection fraction below the institutional normal limit
  • Any other cardiac condition, which in the opinion of the treating physician, would make this protocol unreasonably hazardous for the patient;
  • Uncontrolled infection;
  • Pregnant or lactating females;
  • History of other malignancy, except for curatively treated basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix. Subjects with other malignancies who have been disease-free for at least 5 years are eligible.
  • Have current active hepatic or biliary disease (with exception of subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, asymptomatic gallstones, liver metastases or stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00437073

  Show 30 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Publications:
Lin N, Doering, Eierman, Greil, Campone, Kaufman, Lane S, Zembryki D, Rubin S, Winer E. Randomized Phase II Study of Lapatinib plus Capecitabine or Lapatinib plus Topotecan for Patients with HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Brain Metastases. [J Neurooncol]. 2011;

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00437073     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 107671
Study First Received: February 15, 2007
Results First Received: September 13, 2012
Last Updated: October 25, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
metastatic breast cancer
Breast Cancer
topotecan
capecitabine
ErbB2
XELODA
HYCAMTIN
brain metastases
lapatinib
TYKERB

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Skin Diseases
Capecitabine
Fluorouracil
Lapatinib
Topotecan
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 30, 2014